HermeticWiper is a data wiper that has been used since at least early 2022, primarily against Ukraine with additional activity observed in Latvia and Lithuania. Some sectors targeted include government, financial, defense, aviation, and IT services.[1][2][3][4][5]

ID: S0697
Associated Software: Trojan.Killdisk, DriveSlayer
Platforms: Windows
Contributors: Mayuresh Dani, Qualys; Harshal Tupsamudre, Qualys
Version: 1.0
Created: 25 March 2022
Last Modified: 18 October 2022

Associated Software Descriptions

Name Description




Techniques Used

Domain ID Name Use
Enterprise T1134 Access Token Manipulation

HermeticWiper can use AdjustTokenPrivileges to grant itself privileges for debugging with SeDebugPrivilege, creating backups with SeBackupPrivilege, loading drivers with SeLoadDriverPrivilege, and shutting down a local system with SeShutdownPrivilege.[5][3]

Enterprise T1059 .003 Command and Scripting Interpreter: Windows Command Shell

HermeticWiper can use cmd.exe /Q/c move CSIDL_SYSTEM_DRIVE\temp\sys.tmp1 CSIDL_WINDOWS\policydefinitions\postgresql.exe 1> \\\ADMIN$\_1636727589.6007507 2>&1 to deploy on an infected system.[8]

Enterprise T1543 .003 Create or Modify System Process: Windows Service

HermeticWiper can load drivers by creating a new service using the CreateServiceW API.[3]

Enterprise T1485 Data Destruction

HermeticWiper can recursively wipe folders and files in Windows, Program Files, Program Files(x86), PerfLogs, Boot, System, Volume Information, and AppData folders using FSCTL_MOVE_FILE. HermeticWiper can also overwrite symbolic links and big files in My Documents and on the Desktop with random bytes.[8]

Enterprise T1140 Deobfuscate/Decode Files or Information

HermeticWiper can decompress and copy driver files using LZCopy.[3]

Enterprise T1561 .001 Disk Wipe: Disk Content Wipe

HermeticWiper has the ability to corrupt disk partitions and obtain raw disk access to destroy data.[3][1]

.002 Disk Wipe: Disk Structure Wipe

HermeticWiper has the ability to corrupt disk partitions, damage the Master Boot Record (MBR), and overwrite the Master File Table (MFT) of all available physical drives.[1][2][3][5]

Enterprise T1484 .001 Domain Policy Modification: Group Policy Modification

HermeticWiper has the ability to deploy through an infected system's default domain policy.[8]

Enterprise T1083 File and Directory Discovery

HermeticWiper can enumerate common folders such as My Documents, Desktop, and AppData.[1][5]

Enterprise T1562 .006 Impair Defenses: Indicator Blocking

HermeticWiper has the ability to set the HKLM:\SYSTEM\\CurrentControlSet\\Control\\CrashControl\CrashDumpEnabled Registry key to 0 in order to disable crash dumps.[1][3][5]

Enterprise T1070 Indicator Removal

HermeticWiper can disable pop-up information about folders and desktop items and delete Registry keys to hide malicious services.[3][8]

.001 Clear Windows Event Logs

HermeticWiper can overwrite the C:\Windows\System32\winevt\Logs file on a targeted system.[8]

.004 File Deletion

HermeticWiper has the ability to overwrite its own file with random bites.[3][8]

Enterprise T1490 Inhibit System Recovery

HermeticWiper can disable the VSS service on a compromised host using the service control manager.[3][8][5]

Enterprise T1036 .005 Masquerading: Match Legitimate Name or Location

HermeticWiper has used the name postgressql.exe to mask a malicious payload.[8]

Enterprise T1112 Modify Registry

HermeticWiper has the ability to modify Registry keys to disable crash dumps, colors for compressed files, and pop-up information about folders and desktop items.[1][3][5]

Enterprise T1106 Native API

HermeticWiper can call multiple Windows API functions used for privilege escalation, service execution, and to overwrite random bites of data.[1][3][8][5]

Enterprise T1027 Obfuscated Files or Information

HermeticWiper can compress 32-bit and 64-bit driver files with the Lempel-Ziv algorithm.[2][3][5]

Enterprise T1053 .005 Scheduled Task/Job: Scheduled Task

HermeticWiper has the ability to use scheduled tasks for execution.[2]

Enterprise T1489 Service Stop

HermeticWiper has the ability to stop the Volume Shadow Copy service.[5]

Enterprise T1553 .002 Subvert Trust Controls: Code Signing

The HermeticWiper executable has been signed with a legitimate certificate issued to Hermetica Digital Ltd.[2][3][4][5]

Enterprise T1082 System Information Discovery

HermeticWiper can determine the OS version, bitness, and enumerate physical drives on a targeted host.[1][3][8][5]

Enterprise T1569 .002 System Services: Service Execution

HermeticWiper can create system services to aid in executing the payload.[1][3][5]

Enterprise T1529 System Shutdown/Reboot

HermeticWiper can initiate a system shutdown.[1][5]

Enterprise T1497 .003 Virtualization/Sandbox Evasion: Time Based Evasion

HermeticWiper has the ability to receive a command parameter to sleep prior to carrying out destructive actions on a targeted host.[3]