System Information Discovery

An adversary may attempt to get detailed information about the operating system and hardware, including version, patches, hotfixes, service packs, and architecture. Adversaries may use the information from System Information Discovery during automated discovery to shape follow-on behaviors, including whether or not the adversary fully infects the target and/or attempts specific actions.

Tools such as Systeminfo can be used to gather detailed system information. A breakdown of system data can also be gathered through the macOS systemsetup command, but it requires administrative privileges.

Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) cloud providers such as AWS, GCP, and Azure allow access to instance and virtual machine information via APIs. Successful authenticated API calls can return data such as the operating system platform and status of a particular instance or the model view of a virtual machine.[1][2][3]

ID: T1082
Sub-techniques:  No sub-techniques
Tactic: Discovery
Platforms: AWS, Azure, GCP, Linux, Windows, macOS
Permissions Required: User
Data Sources: AWS CloudTrail logs, Azure activity logs, Process command-line parameters, Process monitoring, Stackdriver logs
CAPEC ID: CAPEC-312
Contributors: Praetorian
Version: 2.1
Created: 31 May 2017
Last Modified: 26 March 2020

Procedure Examples

Name Description
4H RAT

4H RAT sends an OS version identifier in its beacons.[4]

admin@338

admin@338 actors used the following commands after exploiting a machine with LOWBALL malware to obtain information about the OS: ver >> %temp%\download systeminfo >> %temp%\download[5]

ADVSTORESHELL

ADVSTORESHELL can run Systeminfo to gather information about the victim.[6][7]

Agent Tesla

Agent Tesla can collect the system's computer name and also has the capability to collect information on the processor, memory, OS, and video card from the system.[8][9][10]

Anchor

Anchor can determine the hostname and linux version on a compromised host.[11]

APT18

APT18 can collect system information from the victim’s machine.[12]

APT19

APT19 collected system architecture information. APT19 used an HTTP malware variant and a Port 22 malware variant to gather the hostname and CPU information from the victim’s machine.[13][14]

APT3

APT3 has a tool that can obtain information about the local system.[15][16]

APT32

APT32 has collected the OS version and computer name from victims. One of the group's backdoors can also query the Windows Registry to gather system information, and another macOS backdoor performs a fingerprint of the machine on its first connection to the C&C server. APT32 executed shellcode to identify the name of the infected host.[17][18][19][20]

APT37

APT37 collects the computer name, the BIOS model, and execution path.[21]

Aria-body

Aria-body has the ability to identify the hostname, computer name, Windows version, processor speed, machine GUID, and disk information on a compromised host.[22]

Astaroth

Astaroth collects the machine name and keyboard language from the system. [23][24]

Attor

Attor monitors the free disk space on the system.[25]

Avenger

Avenger has the ability to identify the host volume ID and the OS architecture on a compromised host.[26]

Azorult

Azorult can collect the machine information, system architecture, the OS version, computer name, Windows product name, the number of CPU cores, video card information, and the system language.[27][28]

BabyShark

BabyShark has executed the ver command.[29]

BackConfig

BackConfig has the ability to gather the victim's computer name.[30]

Backdoor.Oldrea

Backdoor.Oldrea collects information about the OS and computer name.[31]

BACKSPACE

During its initial execution, BACKSPACE extracts operating system information from the infected host.[32]

BADCALL

BADCALL collects the computer name and host name on the compromised system.[33]

BadPatch

BadPatch collects the OS system, OS version, MAC address, and the computer name from the victim’s machine.[34]

Bankshot

Bankshot gathers system information, network addresses, disk type, disk free space, and the operation system version.[35][36]

BISCUIT

BISCUIT has a command to collect the processor type, operation system, computer name, uptime, and whether the system is a laptop or PC.[37]

Bisonal

Bisonal has a command to gather system information from the victim’s machine.[38]

BlackEnergy

BlackEnergy has used Systeminfo to gather the OS version, as well as information on the system configuration, BIOS, the motherboard, and the processor.[39][40]

Blue Mockingbird

Blue Mockingbird has collected hardware details for the victim's system, including CPU and memory information.[41]

Bonadan

Bonadan has discovered the OS version, CPU model, and RAM size of the system it has been installed on.[42]

Brave Prince

Brave Prince collects hard drive content and system configuration information.[43]

BUBBLEWRAP

BUBBLEWRAP collects system information, including the operating system version and hostname.[5]

build_downer

build_downer has the ability to send system volume information to C2.[26]

Bundlore

Bundlore will enumerate the macOS version to determine which follow-on behaviors to execute.[44]

Cadelspy

Cadelspy has the ability to discover information about the compromised host.[45]

Cannon

Cannon can gather system information from the victim’s machine such as the OS version, machine name, and drive information.[46][47]

Carberp

Carberp has collected the operating system version from the infected system.[48]

Cardinal RAT

Cardinal RAT can collect the hostname, Microsoft Windows version, and processor architecture from a victim machine.[49]

CARROTBAT

CARROTBAT has the ability to determine the operating system of the compromised host and whether Windows is being run with x86 or x64 architecture.[50][51]

ChChes

ChChes collects the victim hostname, window resolution, and Microsoft Windows version.[52][53]

cmd

cmd can be used to find information about the operating system.[54]

Comnie

Comnie collects the hostname of the victim machine.[55]

CORESHELL

CORESHELL collects hostname, volume serial number and OS version data from the victim and sends the information to its C2 server.[56]

CozyCar

A system info module in CozyCar gathers information on the victim host’s configuration.[57]

CrackMapExec

CrackMapExec can enumerate the system drives and associated system name.[58]

Crimson

Crimson contains a command to collect the victim PC name and operating system.[59]

DarkComet

DarkComet can collect the computer name, RAM used, and operating system version from the victim’s machine.[60][61]

Darkhotel

Darkhotel has collected the hostname, OS version, service pack version, and the processor architecture from the victim’s machine.[62]

Denis

Denis collects OS information and the computer name from the victim’s machine.[63][64]

Derusbi

Derusbi gathers the name of the local host, version of GNU Compiler Collection (GCC), and the system information about the CPU, machine, and operating system.[65]

down_new

down_new has the ability to identify the system volume information of a compromised host.[26]

DownPaper

DownPaper collects the victim host name and serial number, and then sends the information to the C2 server.[66]

DustySky

DustySky extracts basic information about the operating system.[67]

Dyre

Dyre has the ability to identify the computer name, OS version, and hardware configuration on a compromised host.[68]

Elise

Elise executes systeminfo after initial communication is made to the remote server.[69]

Emissary

Emissary has the capability to execute ver, systeminfo, and gpresult commands.[70]

Empire

Empire can enumerate host system information like OS, architecture, applied patches, and more.[71]

Epic

Epic collects the OS version, hardware information, computer name, available system memory status, disk space information, and system and user language settings.[72]

FALLCHILL

FALLCHILL can collect operating system (OS) version information, processor information, system name, and information about installed disks from the victim.[73]

FatDuke

FatDuke can collect the user name, Windows version, computer name, and available space on discs from a compromised host.[74]

Felismus

Felismus collects the system information, including hostname and OS version, and sends it to the C2 server.[75]

FELIXROOT

FELIXROOT collects the victim’s computer name, processor architecture, OS version, volume serial number, and system type.[76][77]

Final1stspy

Final1stspy obtains victim Microsoft Windows version information and CPU architecture.[78]

FinFisher

FinFisher checks if the victim OS is 32 or 64-bit.[79][80]

FlawedAmmyy

FlawedAmmyy beacons out the victim operating system and computer name during the initial infection.[81]

Frankenstein

Frankenstein has enumerated hosts, looking for the system's machine name.[82]

Fysbis

Fysbis has used the command ls /etc | egrep -e"fedora*|debian*|gentoo*|mandriva*|mandrake*|meego*|redhat*|lsb-*|sun-*|SUSE*|release" to determine which Linux OS version is running.[83]

Gamaredon Group

A Gamaredon Group file stealer can gather the victim's computer name and drive serial numbers to send to a C2 server.[84][85]

Get2

Get2 has the ability to identify the computer name and Windows version of an infected host.[86]

gh0st RAT

gh0st RAT has gathered system architecture, processor, OS configuration, and installed hardware information.[87]

Gold Dragon

Gold Dragon collects endpoint information using the systeminfo command.[43]

GoldenSpy

GoldenSpy has gathered operating system information.[88]

GravityRAT

GravityRAT collects the MAC address, computer name, and CPU information.[89]

GRIFFON

GRIFFON has used a reconnaissance module that can be used to retrieve information about a victim's computer, including the resolution of the workstation .[90]

HALFBAKED

HALFBAKED can obtain information about the OS, processor, and BIOS.[91]

HAPPYWORK

can collect system information, including computer name, system manufacturer, IsDebuggerPresent state, and execution path.[92]

HAWKBALL

HAWKBALL can collect the OS version, architecture information, and computer name.[93]

Honeybee

Honeybee gathers computer name and information using the systeminfo command.[94]

HOPLIGHT

HOPLIGHT has been observed collecting victim machine information like OS version, drivers, volume information and more.[95]

HotCroissant

HotCroissant has the ability to determine if the current user is an administrator, Windows product name, processor name, screen resolution, and physical RAM of the infected host.[96]

Hydraq

Hydraq creates a backdoor through which remote attackers can retrieve information such as computer name, OS version, processor speed, memory size, and CPU speed.[97]

IcedID

IcedID has the ability to identify the computer name and OS version on a compromised host.[98]

Inception

Inception has used a reconnaissance module to gather information about the operating system and hardware on the infected host.[99]

InnaputRAT

InnaputRAT gathers volume drive information and system information.[100]

InvisiMole

InvisiMole can gather information on the mapped drives, OS version, computer name, DEP policy, memory size, and system volume serial number.[101][102]

Ixeshe

Ixeshe collects the computer name of the victim's system during the initial infection.[103]

JHUHUGIT

JHUHUGIT obtains a build identifier as well as victim hard drive information from Windows registry key HKLM\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\Disk\Enum. Another JHUHUGIT variant gathers the victim storage volume serial number and the storage device name.[104][105]

JPIN

JPIN can obtain system information such as OS version and disk space.[106]

jRAT

jRAT collects information about the OS (version, build type, install date) as well as system up-time upon receiving a connection from a backdoor.[107]

KARAE

KARAE can collect system information.[92]

Kasidet

Kasidet has the ability to obtain a victim's system name and operating system version.[108]

Kazuar

Kazuar gathers information on the system and local drives.[109]

Ke3chang

Ke3chang performs operating system information discovery using systeminfo.[110][111]

Kessel

Kessel has collected the system architecture, OS version, and MAC address information.[42]

KeyBoy

KeyBoy can gather extended system information, such as information about the operating system, disks, and memory.[112][113]

KEYMARBLE

KEYMARBLE has the capability to collect the computer name, language settings, the OS version, CPU information, disk devices, and time elapsed since system start.[114]

Kimsuky

Kimsuky has gathered information about the infected computer.[115]

KOMPROGO

KOMPROGO is capable of retrieving information about the infected system.[116]

KONNI

KONNI can gather the OS version, architecture information, connected drives, hostname, and computer name from the victim’s machine and has used systeminfo.exe to get a snapshot of the current system state of the target machine.[117][118]

Kwampirs

Kwampirs collects OS version information such as registered owner details, manufacturer details, processor type, available storage, installed patches, hostname, version info, system date, and other system information by using the commands systeminfo, net config workstation, hostname, ver, set, and date /t.[119]

Lazarus Group

Several Lazarus Group malware families collect information on the type and version of the victim OS, as well as the victim computer name and CPU information. A Destover-like variant used by Lazarus Group also collects disk space information and sends it to its C2 server.[120][121][122][123][124].

LightNeuron

LightNeuron gathers the victim computer name using the Win32 API call GetComputerName.[125]

Linfo

Linfo creates a backdoor through which remote attackers can retrieve system information.[126]

Lokibot

Lokibot has the ability to discover the computer name and Windows product name/version.[127]

LoudMiner

LoudMiner has monitored CPU usage.[128]

Machete

Machete collects the hostname of the target computer.[129]

Magic Hound

Magic Hound malware has used a PowerShell command to check the victim system architecture to determine if it is an x64 machine. Other malware has obtained the OS version, UUID, and computer/host name to send to the C2 server.[130]

Maze

Maze has checked the language of the infected system using the "GetUSerDefaultUILanguage" function.[131]

Metamorfo

Metamorfo has collected the hostname and Operating System version from the system.[132][133]

Micropsia

Micropsia gathers the hostname and OS version from the victim’s machine.[134][135]

MiniDuke

MiniDuke can gather the hostname on a compromised machine.[74]

MirageFox

MirageFox can collect CPU and architecture information from the victim’s machine.[136]

Mis-Type

The initial beacon packet for Mis-Type contains the operating system version and file system of the victim.[137]

Misdat

The initial beacon packet for Misdat contains the operating system version of the victim.[137]

MobileOrder

MobileOrder has a command to upload to its C2 server victim mobile device information, including IMEI, IMSI, SIM card serial number, phone number, Android version, and other information.[138]

MoonWind

MoonWind can obtain the victim hostname, Windows version, RAM amount, number of drives, and screen resolution.[139]

More_eggs

More_eggs has the capability to gather the OS version and computer name.[140][141]

MuddyWater

MuddyWater has used malware that can collect the victim’s OS version and machine name.[142][143][144]

MURKYTOP

MURKYTOP has the capability to retrieve information about the OS.[145]

Naid

Naid collects a unique identifier (UID) from a compromised host.[146]

NanHaiShu

NanHaiShu can gather the victim computer name and serial number.[147]

NavRAT

NavRAT uses systeminfo on a victim’s machine.[148]

NDiskMonitor

NDiskMonitor obtains the victim computer name and encrypts the information to send over its C2 channel.[149]

Netwalker

Netwalker can determine the system architecture it is running on to choose which version of the DLL to use.[150]

NETWIRE

NETWIRE can discover and collect victim system information.[151]

njRAT

njRAT enumerates the victim operating system and computer name during the initial infection.[152]

NOKKI

NOKKI can gather information on drives and the operating system on the victim’s machine.[153]

OceanSalt

OceanSalt can collect the computer name from the system.[154]

Octopus

Octopus collects system drive information, the computer name, and the size of the disk.[155]

OilRig

OilRig has run hostname and systeminfo on a victim.[156][157][158]

Okrum

Okrum can collect computer name, locale information, and information about the OS and architecture.[159]

OopsIE

OopsIE checks for information on the CPU fan, temperature, mouse, hard disk, and motherboard as part of its anti-VM checks.[160]

Orz

Orz can gather the victim OS version and whether it is 64 or 32 bit.[147]

OSInfo

OSInfo discovers information about the infected machine.[15]

OSX/Shlayer

OSX/Shlayer can collect the macOS version and IOPlatformUUID.[161]

OSX_OCEANLOTUS.D

OSX_OCEANLOTUS.D collects the MAC address, computer name, hardware UUID, serial number, and operating system version.[162]

Pasam

Pasam creates a backdoor through which remote attackers can retrieve information such as hostname and free disk space.[163]

Patchwork

Patchwork collected the victim computer name, OS version, and architecture type and sent the information to its C2 server. Patchwork also enumerated all available drives on the victim's machine.[164][149]

PinchDuke

PinchDuke gathers system configuration information.[165]

PipeMon

PipeMon can collect and send OS version and computer name as a part of its C2 beacon.[166]

Pisloader

Pisloader has a command to collect victim system information, including the system name and OS version.[167]

PLAINTEE

PLAINTEE collects general system enumeration data about the infected machine and checks the OS version.[168]

PoetRAT

PoetRAT has the ability to gather information about the compromised host.[169]

Pony

Pony has collected the Service Pack, language, and region information to send to the C2.[170]

POORAIM

POORAIM can identify system information, including battery status.[92]

PoshC2

PoshC2 contains modules, such as Get-ComputerInfo, for enumerating common system information.[171]

PowerDuke

PowerDuke has commands to get information about the victim's name, build, version, serial number, and memory usage.[172]

PowerShower

PowerShower has collected system information on the infected host.[173]

POWERSTATS

POWERSTATS can retrieve OS name/architecture and computer/domain name information from compromised hosts.[174][175]

POWRUNER

POWRUNER may collect information about the system by running hostname and systeminfo on a victim.[176]

Prikormka

A module in Prikormka collects information from the victim about Windows OS version, computer name, battery info, and physical memory.[177]

Proxysvc

Proxysvc collects the OS version, country name, MAC address, computer name, physical memory statistics, and volume information for all drives on the system.[124]

PUNCHBUGGY

PUNCHBUGGY can gather system information such as computer names.[178]

Pupy

Pupy can grab a system’s information including the OS version, architecture, etc.[179]

QuasarRAT

QuasarRAT has a command to gather system information from the victim’s machine.[180]

Ramsay

Ramsay can detect system information to create a hardware profile GUID which acts as a system identifier for operators.[181]

RATANKBA

RATANKBA gathers information about the OS architecture, OS name, and OS version/Service pack.[182][183]

Reaver

Reaver collects system information from the victim, including CPU speed, computer name, volume serial number, ANSI code page, OEM code page identifier for the OS, Microsoft Windows version, and memory information.[184]

RedLeaves

RedLeaves can gather extended system information including the hostname, OS version number, platform, memory information, time elapsed since system startup, and CPU information.[53][185]

Remsec

Remsec can obtain the OS version information, computer name, processor architecture, machine role, and OS edition.[186]

Revenge RAT

Revenge RAT collects the CPU information, OS information, and system language.[187]

REvil

REvil can identify the username, machine name, system language, keyboard layout, OS version, and system drive information on a compromised host.[188][189][190][191][191][192][193][194]

Rifdoor

Rifdoor has the ability to identify the Windows version on the compromised host.[195]

Rising Sun

Rising Sun can detect the computer name, operating system, and other native system information.[196]

Rocke

Rocke has used uname -m to collect the name and information about the infected system's kernel.[197]

RogueRobin

RogueRobin gathers BIOS versions and manufacturers, the number of CPU cores, the total physical memory, and the computer name.[198]

ROKRAT

ROKRAT gathers the computer name and checks the OS version to ensure it doesn’t run on a Windows XP or Windows Server 2003 systems.[199][200][201][202]

RTM

RTM can obtain the computer name, OS version, and default language identifier.[203]

RunningRAT

RunningRAT gathers the OS version, logical drives information, processor information, and volume information.[43]

S-Type

The initial beacon packet for S-Type contains the operating system version and file system of the victim.[137]

Sandworm Team

Sandworm Team used a backdoor to enumerate information about the infected system's operating system.[204]

SDBot

SDBot has the ability to identify the OS version, country code, and computer name.[86]

ServHelper

ServHelper will attempt to enumerate Windows version and system architecture.[205]

Shamoon

Shamoon obtains the victim's operating system version and keyboard layout and sends the information to the C2 server.[206][207]

SHARPSTATS

SHARPSTATS has the ability to identify the IP address, machine name, and OS of the compromised host.[175]

ShimRatReporter

ShimRatReporter gathered the operating system name and specific Windows version of an infected machine.[208]

SHUTTERSPEED

SHUTTERSPEED can collect system information.[92]

Skidmap

Skidmap has the ability to check whether the infected system’s OS is Debian or RHEL/CentOS to determine which cryptocurrency miner it should use.[209]

SLOWDRIFT

SLOWDRIFT collects and sends system information to its C2.[92]

SoreFang

SoreFang can collect the hostname, operating system configuration, product ID, and disk space on victim machines by executing Systeminfo.[210]

SOUNDBITE

SOUNDBITE is capable of gathering system information.[116]

Sowbug

Sowbug obtained OS version and hardware configuration from a victim.[211]

SpeakUp

SpeakUp uses the cat /proc/cpuinfo | grep -c "cpu family" 2>&1 command to gather system information. [212]

SslMM

SslMM sends information to its hard-coded C2, including OS version, service pack information, processor speed, system name, and OS install date.[213]

Stealth Falcon

Stealth Falcon malware gathers system information via WMI, including the system directory, build number, serial number, version, manufacturer, model, and total physical memory.[214]

StoneDrill

StoneDrill has the capability to discover the system OS, Windows version, architecture and environment.[215]

StreamEx

StreamEx has the ability to enumerate system information.[216]

StrongPity

StrongPity can identify the hard disk volume serial number on a compromised host.[217]

SynAck

SynAck gathers computer names, OS version info, and also checks installed keyboard layouts to estimate if it has been launched from a certain list of countries.[218]

Sys10

Sys10 collects the computer name, OS versioning information, and OS install date and sends the information to the C2.[213]

SYSCON

SYSCON has the ability to use Systeminfo to identify system information.[51]

Systeminfo

Systeminfo can be used to gather information about the operating system.[219]

T9000

T9000 gathers and beacons the operating system build number and CPU Architecture (32-bit/64-bit) during installation.[220]

TajMahal

TajMahal has the ability to identify hardware information, the computer name, and OS information on an infected host.[221]

TrickBot

TrickBot gathers the OS version, machine name, CPU type, amount of RAM available from the victim’s machine.[222][223][224]

Trojan.Karagany

Trojan.Karagany can capture information regarding the victim's OS, security, and hardware configuration.[225]

Tropic Trooper

Tropic Trooper has detected a target system’s OS version and system volume information.[226][227]

Turla

Turla surveys a system upon check-in to discover operating system configuration details using the systeminfo, gpresult, and set commands.[228][229]

TURNEDUP

TURNEDUP is capable of gathering system information.[230]

TYPEFRAME

TYPEFRAME can gather the disk volume information.[231]

Unknown Logger

Unknown Logger can obtain information about the victim computer name, physical memory, country, and date.[232]

UPPERCUT

UPPERCUT has the capability to gather the system’s hostname and OS version.[233]

Ursnif

Ursnif has used Systeminfo to gather system information.[234]

Valak

Valak can determine the Windows version and computer name on a compromised host.[235][236]

VERMIN

VERMIN collects the OS name, machine name, and architecture information.[237]

Volgmer

Volgmer can gather system information, the computer name, OS version, drive and serial information from the victim's machine.[238][239][240]

WellMess

WellMess can identify the computer name of a compromised host.[241][242]

WINDSHIELD

WINDSHIELD can gather the victim computer name.[116]

WINERACK

WINERACK can gather information about the host.[92]

Wingbird

Wingbird checks the victim OS version after executing to determine where to drop files based on whether the victim is 32-bit or 64-bit.[243]

WinMM

WinMM collects the system name, OS version including service pack, and system install date and sends the information to the C2 server.[213]

Wizard Spider

Wizard Spider has used "systeminfo" and similar commands to acquire detailed configuration information of a victim machine.[244]

XAgentOSX

XAgentOSX contains the getInstalledAPP function to run ls -la /Applications to gather what applications are installed.[245]

YAHOYAH

YAHOYAH checks for the system’s Windows OS version and hostname.[226]

yty

yty gathers the computer name, the serial number of the main disk volume, CPU information, Microsoft Windows version, and runs the command systeminfo.[246]

Zebrocy

Zebrocy collects the OS version, computer name and serial number for the storage volume C:. Zebrocy also runs the systeminfo command to gather system information. [247][46][248][47][249][250]

ZeroT

ZeroT gathers the victim's computer name, Windows version, and system language, and then sends it to its C2 server.[251]

Zeus Panda

Zeus Panda collects the OS version, system architecture, computer name, product ID, install date, and information on the keyboard mapping to determine the language used on the system.[252][253]

ZLib

ZLib has the ability to enumerate system information.[137]

zwShell

zwShell can obtain the victim PC name and OS version.[254]

ZxShell

ZxShell can collect the local hostname, operating system details, CPU speed, and total physical memory.[255]

Mitigations

This type of attack technique cannot be easily mitigated with preventive controls since it is based on the abuse of system features.

Detection

System and network discovery techniques normally occur throughout an operation as an adversary learns the environment. Data and events should not be viewed in isolation, but as part of a chain of behavior that could lead to other activities based on the information obtained.

Monitor processes and command-line arguments for actions that could be taken to gather system and network information. Remote access tools with built-in features may interact directly with the Windows API to gather information. Information may also be acquired through Windows system management tools such as Windows Management Instrumentation and PowerShell.

In cloud-based systems, native logging can be used to identify access to certain APIs and dashboards that may contain system information. Depending on how the environment is used, that data alone may not be useful due to benign use during normal operations.

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