Pupy is an open source, cross-platform (Windows, Linux, OSX, Android) remote administration and post-exploitation tool. [1] It is written in Python and can be generated as a payload in several different ways (Windows exe, Python file, PowerShell oneliner/file, Linux elf, APK, Rubber Ducky, etc.). [1] Pupy is publicly available on GitHub. [1]

ID: S0192
Type: TOOL
Platforms: Linux, Windows, macOS, Android
Version: 1.3
Created: 18 April 2018
Last Modified: 28 September 2023

Techniques Used

Domain ID Name Use
Enterprise T1548 .002 Abuse Elevation Control Mechanism: Bypass User Account Control

Pupy can bypass Windows UAC through either DLL hijacking, eventvwr, or appPaths.[1]

Enterprise T1134 .001 Access Token Manipulation: Token Impersonation/Theft

Pupy can obtain a list of SIDs and provide the option for selecting process tokens to impersonate.[1]

Enterprise T1087 .001 Account Discovery: Local Account

Pupy uses PowerView and Pywerview to perform discovery commands such as net user, net group, net local group, etc.[1]

Enterprise T1557 .001 Adversary-in-the-Middle: LLMNR/NBT-NS Poisoning and SMB Relay

Pupy can sniff plaintext network credentials and use NBNS Spoofing to poison name services.[1]

Enterprise T1071 .001 Application Layer Protocol: Web Protocols

Pupy can communicate over HTTP for C2.[1]

Enterprise T1560 .001 Archive Collected Data: Archive via Utility

Pupy can compress data with Zip before sending it over C2.[1]

Enterprise T1123 Audio Capture

Pupy can record sound with the microphone.[1]

Enterprise T1547 .001 Boot or Logon Autostart Execution: Registry Run Keys / Startup Folder

Pupy adds itself to the startup folder or adds itself to the Registry key SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run for persistence.[1]

.013 Boot or Logon Autostart Execution: XDG Autostart Entries

Pupy can use an XDG Autostart to establish persistence.[2]

Enterprise T1059 .001 Command and Scripting Interpreter: PowerShell

Pupy has a module for loading and executing PowerShell scripts.[1]

.006 Command and Scripting Interpreter: Python

Pupy can use an add on feature when creating payloads that allows you to create custom Python scripts ("scriptlets") to perform tasks offline (without requiring a session) such as sandbox detection, adding persistence, etc.[1]

Enterprise T1136 .001 Create Account: Local Account

Pupy can user PowerView to execute "net user" commands and create local system accounts.[1]

.002 Create Account: Domain Account

Pupy can user PowerView to execute "net user" commands and create domain accounts.[1]

Enterprise T1543 .002 Create or Modify System Process: Systemd Service

Pupy can be used to establish persistence using a systemd service.[1]

Enterprise T1555 Credentials from Password Stores

Pupy can use Lazagne for harvesting credentials.[1]

.003 Credentials from Web Browsers

Pupy can use Lazagne for harvesting credentials.[1]

Enterprise T1114 .001 Email Collection: Local Email Collection

Pupy can interact with a victim’s Outlook session and look through folders and emails.[1]

Enterprise T1573 .002 Encrypted Channel: Asymmetric Cryptography

Pupy's default encryption for its C2 communication channel is SSL, but it also has transport options for RSA and AES.[1]

Enterprise T1041 Exfiltration Over C2 Channel

Pupy can send screenshots files, keylogger data, files, and recorded audio back to the C2 server.[1]

Enterprise T1083 File and Directory Discovery

Pupy can walk through directories and recursively search for strings in files.[1]

Enterprise T1070 .001 Indicator Removal: Clear Windows Event Logs

Pupy has a module to clear event logs with PowerShell.[1]

Enterprise T1105 Ingress Tool Transfer

Pupy can upload and download to/from a victim machine.[1]

Enterprise T1056 .001 Input Capture: Keylogging

Pupy uses a keylogger to capture keystrokes it then sends back to the server after it is stopped.[1]

Enterprise T1046 Network Service Discovery

Pupy has a built-in module for port scanning.[1]

Enterprise T1135 Network Share Discovery

Pupy can list local and remote shared drives and folders over SMB.[1]

Enterprise T1003 .001 OS Credential Dumping: LSASS Memory

Pupy can execute Lazagne as well as Mimikatz using PowerShell.[1]

.004 OS Credential Dumping: LSA Secrets

Pupy can use Lazagne for harvesting credentials.[1]

.005 OS Credential Dumping: Cached Domain Credentials

Pupy can use Lazagne for harvesting credentials.[1]

Enterprise T1057 Process Discovery

Pupy can list the running processes and get the process ID and parent process’s ID.[1]

Enterprise T1055 .001 Process Injection: Dynamic-link Library Injection

Pupy can migrate into another process using reflective DLL injection.[1]

Enterprise T1021 .001 Remote Services: Remote Desktop Protocol

Pupy can enable/disable RDP connection and can start a remote desktop session using a browser web socket client.[1]

Enterprise T1113 Screen Capture

Pupy can drop a mouse-logger that will take small screenshots around at each click and then send back to the server.[1]

Enterprise T1082 System Information Discovery

Pupy can grab a system’s information including the OS version, architecture, etc.[1]

Enterprise T1016 System Network Configuration Discovery

Pupy has built in commands to identify a host’s IP address and find out other network configuration settings by viewing connected sessions.[1]

Enterprise T1049 System Network Connections Discovery

Pupy has a built-in utility command for netstat, can do net session through PowerView, and has an interactive shell which can be used to discover additional information.[1]

Enterprise T1033 System Owner/User Discovery

Pupy can enumerate local information for Linux hosts and find currently logged on users for Windows hosts.[1]

Enterprise T1569 .002 System Services: Service Execution

Pupy uses PsExec to execute a payload or commands on a remote host.[1]

Enterprise T1552 .001 Unsecured Credentials: Credentials In Files

Pupy can use Lazagne for harvesting credentials.[1]

Enterprise T1550 .003 Use Alternate Authentication Material: Pass the Ticket

Pupy can also perform pass-the-ticket.[1]

Enterprise T1125 Video Capture

Pupy can access a connected webcam and capture pictures.[1]

Enterprise T1497 .001 Virtualization/Sandbox Evasion: System Checks

Pupy has a module that checks a number of indicators on the system to determine if its running on a virtual machine.[1]

Groups That Use This Software

ID Name References
G0059 Magic Hound


G0064 APT33