Blue Mockingbird

Blue Mockingbird is a cluster of observed activity involving Monero cryptocurrency-mining payloads in dynamic-link library (DLL) form on Windows systems. The earliest observed Blue Mockingbird tools were created in December 2019.[1]

ID: G0108
Contributors: Tony Lambert, Red Canary
Version: 1.0
Created: 26 May 2020
Last Modified: 25 June 2020

Techniques Used

Domain ID Name Use
Enterprise T1134 Access Token Manipulation

Blue Mockingbird has used JuicyPotato to abuse the SeImpersonate token privilege to escalate from web application pool accounts to NT Authority\SYSTEM.[1]

Enterprise T1059 .003 Command and Scripting Interpreter: Windows Command Shell

Blue Mockingbird has used batch script files to automate execution and deployment of payloads.[1]

.001 Command and Scripting Interpreter: PowerShell

Blue Mockingbird has used PowerShell reverse TCP shells to issue interactive commands over a network connection.[1]

Enterprise T1543 .003 Create or Modify System Process: Windows Service

Blue Mockingbird has made their XMRIG payloads persistent as a Windows Service.[1]

Enterprise T1546 .003 Event Triggered Execution: Windows Management Instrumentation Event Subscription

Blue Mockingbird has used mofcomp.exe to establish WMI Event Subscription persistence mechanisms configured from a *.mof file.[1]

Enterprise T1190 Exploit Public-Facing Application

Blue Mockingbird has gained initial access by exploiting CVE-2019-18935, a vulnerability within Telerik UI for ASP.NET AJAX.[1]

Enterprise T1574 .012 Hijack Execution Flow: COR_PROFILER

Blue Mockingbird has used wmic.exe and Windows Registry modifications to set the COR_PROFILER environment variable to execute a malicious DLL whenever a process loads the .NET CLR.[1]

Enterprise T1036 .005 Masquerading: Match Legitimate Name or Location

Blue Mockingbird has masqueraded their XMRIG payload name by naming it wercplsupporte.dll after the legitimate wercplsupport.dll file.[1]

Enterprise T1112 Modify Registry

Blue Mockingbird has used Windows Registry modifications to specify a DLL payload.[1]

Enterprise T1027 Obfuscated Files or Information

Blue Mockingbird has obfuscated the wallet address in the payload binary.[1]

Enterprise T1003 .001 OS Credential Dumping: LSASS Memory

Blue Mockingbird has used Mimikatz to retrieve credentials from LSASS memory.[1]

Enterprise T1090 Proxy

Blue Mockingbird has used frp, ssf, and Venom to establish SOCKS proxy connections.[1]

Enterprise T1021 .002 Remote Services: SMB/Windows Admin Shares

Blue Mockingbird has used Windows Explorer to manually copy malicious files to remote hosts over SMB.[1]

.001 Remote Services: Remote Desktop Protocol

Blue Mockingbird has used Remote Desktop to log on to servers interactively and manually copy files to remote hosts.[1]

Enterprise T1496 Resource Hijacking

Blue Mockingbird has used XMRIG to mine cryptocurrency on victim systems.[1]

Enterprise T1053 .005 Scheduled Task/Job: Scheduled Task

Blue Mockingbird has used Windows Scheduled Tasks to establish persistence on local and remote hosts.[1]

Enterprise T1218 .010 Signed Binary Proxy Execution: Regsvr32

Blue Mockingbird has executed custom-compiled XMRIG miner DLLs using regsvr32.exe.[1]

.011 Signed Binary Proxy Execution: Rundll32

Blue Mockingbird has executed custom-compiled XMRIG miner DLLs using rundll32.exe.[1]

Enterprise T1082 System Information Discovery

Blue Mockingbird has collected hardware details for the victim's system, including CPU and memory information.[1]

Enterprise T1569 .002 System Services: Service Execution

Blue Mockingbird has executed custom-compiled XMRIG miner DLLs by configuring them to execute via the "wercplsupport" service.[1]

Enterprise T1047 Windows Management Instrumentation

Blue Mockingbird has used wmic.exe to set environment variables.[1]

Software

ID Name References Techniques
S0002 Mimikatz

[1]

Access Token Manipulation: SID-History Injection, Account Manipulation, Boot or Logon Autostart Execution: Security Support Provider, Credentials from Password Stores: Credentials from Web Browsers, Credentials from Password Stores, OS Credential Dumping: LSASS Memory, OS Credential Dumping: DCSync, OS Credential Dumping: Security Account Manager, OS Credential Dumping: LSA Secrets, Rogue Domain Controller, Steal or Forge Kerberos Tickets: Silver Ticket, Steal or Forge Kerberos Tickets: Golden Ticket, Unsecured Credentials: Private Keys, Use Alternate Authentication Material: Pass the Hash, Use Alternate Authentication Material: Pass the Ticket

References