System Network Configuration Discovery

Adversaries may look for details about the network configuration and settings, such as IP and/or MAC addresses, of systems they access or through information discovery of remote systems. Several operating system administration utilities exist that can be used to gather this information. Examples include Arp, ipconfig/ifconfig, nbtstat, and route.

Adversaries may also leverage a Network Device CLI on network devices to gather information about configurations and settings, such as IP addresses of configured interfaces and static/dynamic routes (e.g. show ip route, show ip interface).[1][2]

Adversaries may use the information from System Network Configuration Discovery during automated discovery to shape follow-on behaviors, including determining certain access within the target network and what actions to do next.

ID: T1016
Sub-techniques:  T1016.001, T1016.002
Tactic: Discovery
Platforms: Linux, Network, Windows, macOS
Contributors: Austin Clark, @c2defense
Version: 1.6
Created: 31 May 2017
Last Modified: 28 July 2023

Procedure Examples

ID Name Description
S1028 Action RAT

Action RAT has the ability to collect the MAC address of an infected host.[3]

S0552 AdFind

AdFind can extract subnet information from Active Directory.[4][5][6]

G0018 admin@338

admin@338 actors used the following command after exploiting a machine with LOWBALL malware to acquire information about local networks: ipconfig /all >> %temp%\download[7]

S0331 Agent Tesla

Agent Tesla can collect the IP address of the victim machine and spawn instances of netsh.exe to enumerate wireless settings.[8][9]

S0092 Agent.btz

Agent.btz collects the network adapter’s IP and MAC address as well as IP addresses of the network adapter’s default gateway, primary/secondary WINS, DHCP, and DNS servers, and saves them into a log file.[10]

S1025 Amadey

Amadey can identify the IP address of a victim machine.[11]

S0504 Anchor

Anchor can determine the public IP and location of a compromised host.[12]

S0622 AppleSeed

AppleSeed can identify the IP of a targeted system.[13]

G0006 APT1

APT1 used the ipconfig /all command to gather network configuration information.[14]

G0073 APT19

APT19 used an HTTP malware variant and a Port 22 malware variant to collect the MAC address and IP address from the victim’s machine.[15]

G0022 APT3

A keylogging tool used by APT3 gathers network information from the victim, including the MAC address, IP address, WINS, DHCP server, and gateway.[16][17]

G0050 APT32

APT32 used the ipconfig /all command to gather the IP address from the system.[18]

G0096 APT41

APT41 collected MAC addresses from victim machines.[19][20]

S0456 Aria-body

Aria-body has the ability to identify the location, public IP address, and domain name on a compromised host.[21]

S0099 Arp

Arp can be used to display ARP configuration information on the host.[22]

S0373 Astaroth

Astaroth collects the external IP address from the system. [23]

S0640 Avaddon

Avaddon can collect the external IP address of the victim.[24]

S0473 Avenger

Avenger can identify the domain of the compromised host.[25]

S0344 Azorult

Azorult can collect host IP information from the victim’s machine.[26]

S0414 BabyShark

BabyShark has executed the ipconfig /all command.[27]

S0093 Backdoor.Oldrea

Backdoor.Oldrea collects information about the Internet adapter configuration.[28][29]


BADCALL collects the network adapter information.[30]


BADFLICK has captured victim IP address details.[31]

S0234 Bandook

Bandook has a command to get the public IP address from a system.[32]

S0534 Bazar

Bazar can collect the IP address and NetBIOS name of an infected machine.[33]

S0268 Bisonal

Bisonal can execute ipconfig on the victim’s machine.[34][35][36]

S0089 BlackEnergy

BlackEnergy has gathered information about network IP configurations using ipconfig.exe and about routing tables using route.exe.[37][38]


BLINDINGCAN has collected the victim machine's local IP address information and MAC address.[39]


BLUELIGHT can collect IP information from the victim’s machine.[40]

S0486 Bonadan

Bonadan can find the external IP address of the infected host.[41]

S0651 BoxCaon

BoxCaon can collect the victim's MAC address by using the GetAdaptersInfo API.[42]

S0252 Brave Prince

Brave Prince gathers network configuration information as well as the ARP cache.[43]

C0015 C0015

During C0015, the threat actors used code to obtain the external public-facing IPv4 address of the compromised host.[44]

C0017 C0017

During C0017, APT41 used cmd.exe /c ping %userdomain% for discovery.[45]

C0018 C0018

During C0018, the threat actors ran nslookup and Advanced IP Scanner on the target network.[46]

S0274 Calisto

Calisto runs the ifconfig command to obtain the IP address from the victim’s machine.[47]

S0335 Carbon

Carbon can collect the IP address of the victims and other computers on the network using the commands: ipconfig -all nbtstat -n, and nbtstat -s.[48][49]

S0261 Catchamas

Catchamas gathers the Mac address, IP address, and the network adapter information from the victim’s machine.[50]

S0572 Caterpillar WebShell

Caterpillar WebShell can gather the IP address from the victim's machine using the IP config command.[51]

S0674 CharmPower

CharmPower has the ability to use ipconfig to enumerate system network settings.[52]

G0114 Chimera

Chimera has used ipconfig, Ping, and tracert to enumerate the IP address and network environment and settings of the local host.[53]

S0667 Chrommme

Chrommme can enumerate the IP address of a compromised host.[54]

S0660 Clambling

Clambling can enumerate the IP address of a compromised machine.[55][56]

S0154 Cobalt Strike

Cobalt Strike can determine the NetBios name and the IP addresses of targets machines including domain controllers.[57][58]

S0244 Comnie

Comnie uses ipconfig /all and route PRINT to identify network adapter and interface information.[59]

S0575 Conti

Conti can retrieve the ARP cache from the local system by using the GetIpNetTable() API call and check to ensure IP addresses it connects to are for local, non-Internet, systems.[60]

S0488 CrackMapExec

CrackMapExec can collect DNS information from the targeted system.[61]

S1024 CreepySnail

CreepySnail can use getmac and Get-NetIPAddress to enumerate network settings.[62]

S0115 Crimson

Crimson contains a command to collect the victim MAC address and LAN IP.[63][64]

S0625 Cuba

Cuba can retrieve the ARP cache from the local system by using GetIpNetTable.[65]

S0687 Cyclops Blink

Cyclops Blink can use the Linux API if_nameindex to gather network interface names.[66][67]

G0012 Darkhotel

Darkhotel has collected the IP address and network adapter information from the victim’s machine.[68][69]


DEADEYE can discover the DNS domain name of a targeted system.[45]

S0354 Denis

Denis uses ipconfig to gather the IP address from the system.[18]

S0659 Diavol

Diavol can enumerate victims' local and external IPs when registering with C2.[70]

S0472 down_new

down_new has the ability to identify the MAC address of a compromised host.[25]

G0035 Dragonfly

Dragonfly has used batch scripts to enumerate network information, including information about trusts, zones, and the domain.[71]

S0567 Dtrack

Dtrack can collect the host's IP addresses using the ipconfig command.[72][73]

S0038 Duqu

The reconnaissance modules used with Duqu can collect information on network configuration.[74]

S0024 Dyre

Dyre has the ability to identify network settings on a compromised host.[75]

G1006 Earth Lusca

Earth Lusca used the command ipconfig to obtain information about network configurations.[76]


EKANS can determine the domain of a compromised host.[77]

S0081 Elise

Elise executes ipconfig /all after initial communication is made to the remote server.[78][79]

S0082 Emissary

Emissary has the capability to execute the command ipconfig /all.[80]

S0363 Empire

Empire can acquire network configuration information like DNS servers, public IP, and network proxies used by a host.[81][82]

S0091 Epic

Epic uses the nbtstat -n and nbtstat -s commands on the victim’s machine.[83]

S0569 Explosive

Explosive has collected the MAC address from the victim's machine.[84]


FALLCHILL collects MAC address and local IP address information from the victim.[85]

S0512 FatDuke

FatDuke can identify the MAC address on the target computer.[86]

S0171 Felismus

Felismus collects the victim LAN IP address and sends it to the C2 server.[87]


FELIXROOT collects information about the network including the IP address and DHCP server.[88]

G1016 FIN13

FIN13 has used nslookup and ipconfig for network reconnaissance efforts. FIN13 has also utilized a compromised Symantec Altiris console and LanDesk account to retrieve network information.[89][90]

S0696 Flagpro

Flagpro has been used to execute the ipconfig /all command on a victim system.[91]

C0001 Frankenstein

During Frankenstein, the threat actors used Empire to find the public IP address of a compromised system.[82]

S1044 FunnyDream

FunnyDream can parse the ProxyServer string in the Registry to discover http proxies.[92]

C0007 FunnyDream

During FunnyDream, the threat actors used ipconfig for discovery on remote systems.[92]


GALLIUM used ipconfig /all to obtain information about the victim network configuration. The group also ran a modified version of NBTscan to identify available NetBIOS name servers.[93]

S0049 GeminiDuke

GeminiDuke collects information on network settings and Internet proxy settings from the victim.[94]

S0588 GoldMax

GoldMax retrieved a list of the system's network interface after execution.[95]

S0531 Grandoreiro

Grandoreiro can determine the IP and physical location of the compromised host via IPinfo.[96]

S0237 GravityRAT

GravityRAT collects the victim IP address, MAC address, as well as the victim account domain name.[97]

S0690 Green Lambert

Green Lambert can obtain proxy information from a victim's machine using system environment variables.[98][99]

S0632 GrimAgent

GrimAgent can enumerate the IP and domain of a target system.[100]


HAFNIUM has collected IP information via IPInfo.[101]


HEXANE has used Ping and tracert for network discovery.[102]

G0126 Higaisa

Higaisa used ipconfig to gather network configuration information.[103][104]

S0431 HotCroissant

HotCroissant has the ability to identify the IP address of the compromised machine.[105]

S0203 Hydraq

Hydraq creates a backdoor through which remote attackers can retrieve IP addresses of compromised machines.[106][107]

S1022 IceApple

The IceApple ifconfig module can iterate over all network interfaces on the host and retrieve the name, description, MAC address, DNS suffix, DNS servers, gateways, IPv4 addresses, and subnet masks.[108]

S0101 ifconfig

ifconfig can be used to display adapter configuration on Unix systems, including information for TCP/IP, DNS, and DHCP.

S0278 iKitten

iKitten will look for the current IP address.[109]

S0604 Industroyer

Industroyer’s 61850 payload component enumerates connected network adapters and their corresponding IP addresses.[110]

S0260 InvisiMole

InvisiMole gathers information on the IP forwarding table, MAC address, configured proxy, and network SSID.[111][112]

S0100 ipconfig

ipconfig can be used to display adapter configuration on Windows systems, including information for TCP/IP, DNS, and DHCP.

S0015 Ixeshe

Ixeshe enumerates the IP address, network proxy settings, and domain name from a victim's system.[113]


A JHUHUGIT variant gathers network interface card information.[114]

S0201 JPIN

JPIN can obtain network information, including DNS, IP, and proxies.[115]

S0283 jRAT

jRAT can gather victim internal and external IPs.[116]

S0265 Kazuar

Kazuar gathers information about network adapters.[117]

G0004 Ke3chang

Ke3chang has performed local network configuration discovery using ipconfig.[118][119][120]

S0487 Kessel

Kessel has collected the DNS address of the infected host.[41]

S1020 Kevin

Kevin can collect the MAC address and other information from a victim machine using ipconfig/all.[102]

S0387 KeyBoy

KeyBoy can determine the public or WAN IP address for the system.[121]


KEYMARBLE gathers the MAC address of the victim’s machine.[122]

G0094 Kimsuky

Kimsuky has used ipconfig/all to gather network configuration information.[123]

S0250 Koadic

Koadic can retrieve the contents of the IP routing table as well as information about the Windows domain.[124][125]

S0641 Kobalos

Kobalos can record the IP address of the target machine.[126]


KONNI can collect the IP address from the victim’s machine.[127]


KOPILUWAK can use Arp to discover a target's network configuration setttings.[128]

S0236 Kwampirs

Kwampirs collects network adapter and interface information by using the commands ipconfig /all, arp -a and route print. It also collects the system's MAC address with getmac and domain configuration with net config workstation.[129]

G0032 Lazarus Group

Lazarus Group malware IndiaIndia obtains and sends to its C2 server information about the first network interface card’s configuration, including IP address, gateways, subnet mask, DHCP information, and whether WINS is available.[130][131]

S0395 LightNeuron

LightNeuron gathers information about network adapters using the Win32 API call GetAdaptersInfo.[132]

S0513 LiteDuke

LiteDuke has the ability to discover the proxy configuration of Firefox and/or Opera.[86]

S0681 Lizar

Lizar can retrieve network information from a compromised host.[133]

S0447 Lokibot

Lokibot has the ability to discover the domain name of the infected host.[134]

S0451 LoudMiner

LoudMiner used a script to gather the IP address of the infected machine before sending to the C2.[135]

S0532 Lucifer

Lucifer can collect the IP address of a compromised host.[136]

S0409 Machete

Machete collects the MAC address of the target computer and other network configuration information.[137][138]

S1016 MacMa

MacMa can collect IP addresses from a compromised host.[139]

S1060 Mafalda

Mafalda can use the GetAdaptersInfo function to retrieve information about network adapters and the GetIpNetTable function to retrieve the IPv4 to physical network address mapping table.[140]

G0059 Magic Hound

Magic Hound malware gathers the victim's local IP address, MAC address, and external IP address.[141][142][143]

G0045 menuPass

menuPass has used several tools to scan for open NetBIOS nameservers and enumerate NetBIOS sessions.[144]

S1015 Milan

Milan can run C:\Windows\system32\cmd.exe /c cmd /c ipconfig /all 2>&1 to discover network settings.[145]

S0084 Mis-Type

Mis-Type may create a file containing the results of the command cmd.exe /c ipconfig /all.[146]

S0149 MoonWind

MoonWind obtains the victim IP address.[147]

S0284 More_eggs

More_eggs has the capability to gather the IP address from the victim's machine.[148]

G1009 Moses Staff

Moses Staff has collected the domain name of a compromised network.[149]

S0256 Mosquito

Mosquito uses the ipconfig command.[150]

G0069 MuddyWater

MuddyWater has used malware to collect the victim’s IP address and domain name.[151]

G0129 Mustang Panda

Mustang Panda has used ipconfig and arp to determine network configuration information.[152]

S0205 Naid

Naid collects the domain name from a compromised host.[153]

G0019 Naikon

Naikon uses commands such as netsh interface show to discover network interface settings.[154]

S0228 NanHaiShu

NanHaiShu can gather information about the victim proxy server.[155]

S0336 NanoCore

NanoCore gathers the IP address from the victim’s machine.[156]

S0590 NBTscan

NBTscan can be used to collect MAC addresses.[157][158]

S0102 nbtstat

nbtstat can be used to discover local NetBIOS domain names.

S0691 Neoichor

Neoichor can gather the IP address from an infected host.[120]


NETWIRE can collect the IP address of a compromised host.[159][160]

S1106 NGLite

NGLite identifies the victim system MAC and IPv4 addresses and uses these to establish a victim identifier.[161]

S1100 Ninja

Ninja can enumerate the IP address on compromised systems.[162]

S0359 Nltest

Nltest may be used to enumerate the parent domain of a local machine using /parentdomain.[163]


NOKKI can gather information on the victim IP address.[164]

S0346 OceanSalt

OceanSalt can collect the victim’s IP address.[165]

S0340 Octopus

Octopus can collect the host IP address from the victim’s machine.[166]

G0049 OilRig

OilRig has run ipconfig /all on a victim.[167][168]

S0439 Okrum

Okrum can collect network information, including the host IP address, DNS, and proxy information.[169]

S0365 Olympic Destroyer

Olympic Destroyer uses API calls to enumerate the infected system's ARP table.[170]

C0012 Operation CuckooBees

During Operation CuckooBees, the threat actors used ipconfig, nbtstat, tracert, route print, and cat /etc/hosts commands.[171]

C0014 Operation Wocao

During Operation Wocao, threat actors discovered the local network configuration with ipconfig.[172]

S0229 Orz

Orz can gather victim proxy information.[155]

S0165 OSInfo

OSInfo discovers the current domain information.[16]


OSX_OCEANLOTUS.D can collect the network interface MAC address on the infected host.[173][174]

S0556 Pay2Key

Pay2Key can identify the IP and MAC addresses of the compromised host.[175]

S1050 PcShare

PcShare can obtain the proxy settings of a compromised machine using InternetQueryOptionA and its IP address by running nslookup\r\n.[92]

S0587 Penquin

Penquin can report the IP of the compromised host to attacker controlled infrastructure.[176]

S1031 PingPull

PingPull can retrieve the IP address of a compromised host.[177]

S0501 PipeMon

PipeMon can collect and send the local IP address, RDP information, and the network adapter physical address as a part of its C2 beacon.[178]

S0124 Pisloader

Pisloader has a command to collect the victim's IP address.[179]


PLAINTEE uses the ipconfig /all command to gather the victim’s IP address.[180]

S0378 PoshC2

PoshC2 can enumerate network adapter information.[181]

S0139 PowerDuke

PowerDuke has a command to get the victim's domain and NetBIOS name.[182]

S0441 PowerShower

PowerShower has the ability to identify the current Windows domain of the infected host.[183]


POWERSTATS can retrieve IP, network adapter configuration information, and domain from compromised hosts.[184][185]


POWRUNER may collect network configuration data by running ipconfig /all on a victim.[186]

S0113 Prikormka

A module in Prikormka collects information from the victim about its IP addresses and MAC addresses.[187]

S0238 Proxysvc

Proxysvc collects the network adapter information and domain/username information based on current remote sessions.[188]

S0192 Pupy

Pupy has built in commands to identify a host’s IP address and find out other network configuration settings by viewing connected sessions.[189]

S0583 Pysa

Pysa can perform network reconnaissance using the Advanced IP Scanner tool.[190]

S0650 QakBot

QakBot can use net config workstation, arp -a, nslookup, and ipconfig /all to gather network configuration information.[191][192][193][194][195]


QUADAGENT gathers the current domain the victim system belongs to.[196]

S0262 QuasarRAT

QuasarRAT has the ability to enumerate the Wide Area Network (WAN) IP through requests to ip-api[.]com, freegeoip[.]net, or api[.]ipify[.]org observed with user-agent string Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.3; rv:48.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/48.0.[197]


QUIETCANARY can identify the default proxy setting on a compromised host.[128]

S0458 Ramsay

Ramsay can use ipconfig and Arp to collect network configuration information, including routing information and ARP tables.[198]


RATANKBA gathers the victim’s IP address via the ipconfig -all command.[199][200]

S0172 Reaver

Reaver collects the victim's IP address.[201]

S0153 RedLeaves

RedLeaves can obtain information about network parameters.[144]

S0125 Remsec

Remsec can obtain information about network configuration, including the routing table, ARP cache, and DNS cache.[202]

S0379 Revenge RAT

Revenge RAT collects the IP address and MAC address from the system.[203]

S0433 Rifdoor

Rifdoor has the ability to identify the IP address of the compromised host.[204]

S0448 Rising Sun

Rising Sun can detect network adapter and IP address information.[205]

S0270 RogueRobin

RogueRobin gathers the IP address and domain from the victim’s machine.[206]

S0103 route

route can be used to discover routing configuration information.

S1073 Royal

Royal can enumerate IP addresses using GetIpAddrTable.[207]

S0446 Ryuk

Ryuk has called GetIpNetTable in attempt to identify all mounted drives and hosts that have Address Resolution Protocol (ARP) entries.[208][209]

S0085 S-Type

S-Type has used ipconfig /all on a compromised host.[146]

S1018 Saint Bot

Saint Bot can collect the IP address of a victim machine.[210]

S1085 Sardonic

Sardonic has the ability to execute the ipconfig command.[211]

S0461 SDBbot

SDBbot has the ability to determine the domain name and whether a proxy is configured on a compromised host.[212]

S0596 ShadowPad

ShadowPad has collected the domain name of the victim system.[213]

S0140 Shamoon

Shamoon obtains the target's IP address and local network segment.[214][215]


SHARPSTATS has the ability to identify the domain of the compromised host.[185]

S0445 ShimRatReporter

ShimRatReporter gathered the local proxy, domain, IP, routing tables, mac address, gateway, DNS servers, and DHCP status information from an infected host.[216]

S0589 Sibot

Sibot checked if the compromised system is configured to use proxies.[95]

G1008 SideCopy

SideCopy has identified the IP address of a compromised host.[3]

S0610 SideTwist

SideTwist has the ability to collect the domain name on a compromised host.[217]

G0121 Sidewinder

Sidewinder has used malware to collect information on network interfaces, including the MAC address.[218]

S0633 Sliver

Sliver has the ability to gather network configuration information.[219]

S1035 Small Sieve

Small Sieve can obtain the IP address of a victim host.[220]

S1124 SocGholish

SocGholish has the ability to enumerate the domain name of a victim, as well as if the host is a member of an Active Directory domain.[221][222][223]

S0516 SoreFang

SoreFang can collect the TCP/IP, DNS, DHCP, and network adapter configuration on a compromised host via ipconfig.exe /all.[224]

S0374 SpeakUp

SpeakUp uses the ifconfig -a command. [225]

S0646 SpicyOmelette

SpicyOmelette can identify the IP of a compromised system.[226]

S1030 Squirrelwaffle

Squirrelwaffle has collected the victim’s external IP address.[227]


STARWHALE has the ability to collect the IP address of an infected host.[228]

G0038 Stealth Falcon

Stealth Falcon malware gathers the Address Resolution Protocol (ARP) table from the victim.[229]

S0491 StrongPity

StrongPity can identify the IP address of a compromised host.[230]

S0603 Stuxnet

Stuxnet collects the IP address of a compromised system.[231]


SUNBURST collected all network interface MAC addresses that are up and not loopback devices, as well as IP address, DHCP configuration, and domain information.[232]

S0018 Sykipot

Sykipot may use ipconfig /all to gather system network configuration details.[233]

S0060 Sys10

Sys10 collects the local IP address of the victim and sends it to the C2.[154]

S0663 SysUpdate

SysUpdate can collected the IP address and domain name of a compromised host.[234]

S0098 T9000

T9000 gathers and beacons the MAC and IP addresses during installation.[235]

S0011 Taidoor

Taidoor has collected the MAC address of a compromised host; it can also use GetAdaptersInfo to identify network adapters.[236][237]

S0467 TajMahal

TajMahal has the ability to identify the MAC address on an infected host.[238]

G0139 TeamTNT

TeamTNT has enumerated the host machine’s IP address.[239]

G0027 Threat Group-3390

Threat Group-3390 actors use NBTscan to discover vulnerable systems.[240]

S0678 Torisma

Torisma can collect the local MAC address using GetAdaptersInfo as well as the system's IP address.[241]

S0266 TrickBot

TrickBot obtains the IP address, location, and other relevant network information from the victim’s machine.[242][243][57]

S0094 Trojan.Karagany

Trojan.Karagany can gather information on the network configuration of a compromised host.[244]

G0081 Tropic Trooper

Tropic Trooper has used scripts to collect the host's network topology.[245]

S0436 TSCookie

TSCookie has the ability to identify the IP of the infected host.[246]

S0647 Turian

Turian can retrieve the internal IP address of a compromised host.[247]

G0010 Turla

Turla surveys a system upon check-in to discover network configuration details using the arp -a, nbtstat -n, net config, ipconfig /all, and route commands, as well as NBTscan.[83][248][249] Turla RPC backdoors have also retrieved registered RPC interface information from process memory.[250]

S0130 Unknown Logger

Unknown Logger can obtain information about the victim's IP address.[251]


UPPERCUT has the capability to gather the victim's proxy information.[252]

S0452 USBferry

USBferry can detect the infected machine's network topology using ipconfig and arp.[245]

S0476 Valak

Valak has the ability to identify the domain and the MAC and IP addresses of an infected machine.[253]


VERMIN gathers the local IP address.[254]

S0180 Volgmer

Volgmer can gather the IP address from the victim's machine.[255]

G1017 Volt Typhoon

Volt Typhoon has executed multiple commands to enumerate network topology and settings including ipconfig, netsh interface firewall show all, and netsh interface portproxy show all.[256]

S0366 WannaCry

WannaCry will attempt to determine the local network segment it is a part of.[257]

S0515 WellMail

WellMail can identify the IP address of the victim system.[258]

S0514 WellMess

WellMess can identify the IP address and user domain on the target machine.[259][260]

G0102 Wizard Spider

Wizard Spider has used ipconfig to identify the network configuration of a victim machine. Wizard Spider has also used the PowerShell cmdlet Get-ADComputer to collect IP address data from Active Directory.[261][262]

S1065 Woody RAT

Woody RAT can retrieve network interface and proxy information.[263]

S0341 Xbash

Xbash can collect IP addresses and local intranet information from a victim’s machine.[264]

S0653 xCaon

xCaon has used the GetAdaptersInfo() API call to get the victim's MAC address.[42]

S0248 yty

yty runs ipconfig /all and collects the domain name.[265]

S0251 Zebrocy

Zebrocy runs the ipconfig /all command.[266]

S0230 ZeroT

ZeroT gathers the victim's IP address and domain information, and then sends it to its C2 server.[267]


ZIRCONIUM has used a tool to enumerate proxy settings in the target environment.[268]

S0350 zwShell

zwShell can obtain the victim IP address.[269]


This type of attack technique cannot be easily mitigated with preventive controls since it is based on the abuse of system features.


ID Data Source Data Component Detects
DS0017 Command Command Execution

Monitor executed commands and arguments that may look for details about the network configuration and settings, such as IP and/or MAC addresses, of systems they access or through information discovery of remote systems. For network devices, monitor executed commands in AAA logs, especially those run by unexpected or unauthorized users.

DS0009 Process OS API Execution

Monitor for API calls (such as GetAdaptersInfo() and GetIpNetTable()) that may gather details about the network configuration and settings, such as IP and/or MAC addresses.

Process Creation

Monitor for executed processes (such as ipconfig/ifconfig and arp) with arguments that may look for details about the network configuration and settings, such as IP and/or MAC addresses.

Note: The Analytic looks for the creation of ipconfig, route, and nbtstat processes, all of which are system administration utilities that can be used for the purpose of system network configuration discovery. If these tools are commonly used in your environment (e.g., by system administrators) this may lead to false positives and this analytic will therefore require tuning.

Analytic 1 - Suspicious Process

(source="WinEventLog:Microsoft-Windows-Sysmon/Operational" EventCode="1") OR (source="WinEventLog:Security" EventCode="4688") AND (Image="C:\Windows\System32\ipconfig.exe" OR Image="C:\Windows\System32\route.exe" OR Image="C:\Windows\System32\nbtstat.exe")

DS0012 Script Script Execution

Monitor for any attempts to enable scripts running on a system would be considered suspicious. If scripts are not commonly used on a system, but enabled, scripts running out of cycle from patching or other administrator functions are suspicious. Scripts should be captured from the file system when possible to determine their actions and intent.


  1. US-CERT. (2018, April 20). Alert (TA18-106A) Russian State-Sponsored Cyber Actors Targeting Network Infrastructure Devices. Retrieved October 19, 2020.
  2. Gyler, C.,Perez D.,Jones, S.,Miller, S.. (2021, February 25). This is Not a Test: APT41 Initiates Global Intrusion Campaign Using Multiple Exploits. Retrieved February 17, 2022.
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