System Network Configuration Discovery

Adversaries may look for details about the network configuration and settings of systems they access or through information discovery of remote systems. Several operating system administration utilities exist that can be used to gather this information. Examples include Arp, ipconfig/ifconfig, nbtstat, and route.

Adversaries may use the information from System Network Configuration Discovery during automated discovery to shape follow-on behaviors, including whether or not the adversary fully infects the target and/or attempts specific actions.

ID: T1016
Sub-techniques:  T1016.001
Tactic: Discovery
Platforms: Linux, Windows, macOS
Permissions Required: User
Data Sources: Command: Command Execution, Process: OS API Execution, Process: Process Creation, Script: Script Execution
CAPEC ID: CAPEC-309
Version: 1.2
Created: 31 May 2017
Last Modified: 24 April 2021

Procedure Examples

ID Name Description
S0552 AdFind

AdFind can extract subnet information from Active Directory.[1][2][3]

G0018 admin@338

admin@338 actors used the following command after exploiting a machine with LOWBALL malware to acquire information about local networks: ipconfig /all >> %temp%\download[4]

S0331 Agent Tesla

Agent Tesla can collect the IP address of the victim machine and spawn instances of netsh.exe to enumerate wireless settings.[5][6]

S0092 Agent.btz

Agent.btz collects the network adapter’s IP and MAC address as well as IP addresses of the network adapter’s default gateway, primary/secondary WINS, DHCP, and DNS servers, and saves them into a log file.[7]

S0504 Anchor

Anchor can determine the public IP and location of a compromised host.[8]

G0006 APT1

APT1 used the ipconfig /all command to gather network configuration information.[9]

G0073 APT19

APT19 used an HTTP malware variant and a Port 22 malware variant to collect the MAC address and IP address from the victim’s machine.[10]

G0022 APT3

A keylogging tool used by APT3 gathers network information from the victim, including the MAC address, IP address, WINS, DHCP server, and gateway.[11][12]

G0050 APT32

APT32 used the ipconfig /all command to gather the IP address from the system.[13]

G0096 APT41

APT41 collected MAC addresses from victim machines.[14]

S0456 Aria-body

Aria-body has the ability to identify the location, public IP address, and domain name on a compromised host.[15]

S0099 Arp

Arp can be used to display ARP configuration information on the host.

S0373 Astaroth

Astaroth collects the external IP address from the system. [16]

S0473 Avenger

Avenger can identify the domain of the compromised host.[17]

S0344 Azorult

Azorult can collect host IP information from the victim’s machine.[18]

S0414 BabyShark

BabyShark has executed the ipconfig /all command.[19]

S0093 Backdoor.Oldrea

Backdoor.Oldrea collects information about the Internet adapter configuration.[20]

S0245 BADCALL

BADCALL collects the network adapter information.[21]

S0534 Bazar

Bazar can collect the IP address and NetBIOS name of an infected machine.[22]

S0268 Bisonal

Bisonal can execute ipconfig on the victim’s machine.[23]

S0089 BlackEnergy

BlackEnergy has gathered information about network IP configurations using ipconfig.exe and about routing tables using route.exe.[24][25]

S0520 BLINDINGCAN

BLINDINGCAN has collected the victim machine's local IP address information and MAC address.[26]

S0486 Bonadan

Bonadan can find the external IP address of the infected host.[27]

S0252 Brave Prince

Brave Prince gathers network configuration information as well as the ARP cache.[28]

S0274 Calisto

Calisto runs the ifconfig command to obtain the IP address from the victim’s machine.[29]

S0335 Carbon

Carbon can collect the IP address of the victims and other computers on the network using the commands: ipconfig -all nbtstat -n, and nbtstat -s.[30][31]

S0261 Catchamas

Catchamas gathers the Mac address, IP address, and the network adapter information from the victim’s machine.[32]

S0572 Caterpillar WebShell

Caterpillar WebShell can gather the IP address from the victim's machine using the IP config command.[33]

G0114 Chimera

Chimera has used ipconfig, Ping, and tracert to enumerate the IP address and network environment and settings of the local host.[34]

S0154 Cobalt Strike

Cobalt Strike can determine the IP addresses of domain controllers.[35]

S0244 Comnie

Comnie uses ipconfig /all and route PRINT to identify network adapter and interface information.[36]

S0575 Conti

Conti can retrieve the ARP cache from the local system by using the GetIpNetTable() API call and check to ensure IP addresses it connects to are for local, non-Internet, systems.[37]

S0488 CrackMapExec

CrackMapExec can collect DNS information from the targeted system.[38]

S0115 Crimson

Crimson contains a command to collect the victim MAC address and LAN IP.[39]

G0012 Darkhotel

Darkhotel has collected the IP address and network adapter information from the victim’s machine.[40][41]

S0354 Denis

Denis uses ipconfig to gather the IP address from the system.[13]

S0472 down_new

down_new has the ability to identify the MAC address of a compromised host.[17]

G0074 Dragonfly 2.0

Dragonfly 2.0 used batch scripts to enumerate network information, including information about trusts, zones, and the domain.[42]

S0567 Dtrack

Dtrack can collect the host's IP addresses using the ipconfig command.[43][44]

S0038 Duqu

The reconnaissance modules used with Duqu can collect information on network configuration.[45]

S0024 Dyre

Dyre has the ability to identify network settings on a compromised host.[46]

S0081 Elise

Elise executes ipconfig /all after initial communication is made to the remote server.[47][48]

S0082 Emissary

Emissary has the capability to execute the command ipconfig /all.[49]

S0363 Empire

Empire can acquire network configuration information like DNS servers and network proxies used by a host.[50]

S0091 Epic

Epic uses the nbtstat -n and nbtstat -s commands on the victim’s machine.[51]

S0569 Explosive

Explosive has collected the MAC address from the victim's machine.[52]

S0181 FALLCHILL

FALLCHILL collects MAC address and local IP address information from the victim.[53]

S0512 FatDuke

FatDuke can identify the MAC address on the target computer.[54]

S0171 Felismus

Felismus collects the victim LAN IP address and sends it to the C2 server.[55]

S0267 FELIXROOT

FELIXROOT collects information about the network including the IP address and DHCP server.[56]

G0101 Frankenstein

Frankenstein has enumerated hosts, looking for the public IP address of the system.[57]

G0093 GALLIUM

GALLIUM used ipconfig /all to obtain information about the victim network configuration. The group also ran a modified version of NBTscan to identify available NetBIOS name servers.[58]

S0049 GeminiDuke

GeminiDuke collects information on network settings and Internet proxy settings from the victim.[59]

S0588 GoldMax

GoldMax retrieved a list of the system's network interface after execution.[60]

S0531 Grandoreiro

Grandoreiro can determine the IP and physical location of the compromised host via IPinfo.[61]

S0237 GravityRAT

GravityRAT collects the victim IP address, MAC address, as well as the victim account domain name.[62]

G0126 Higaisa

Higaisa used ipconfig to gather network configuration information.[63][64]

S0431 HotCroissant

HotCroissant has the ability to identify the IP address of the compromised machine.[65]

S0203 Hydraq

Hydraq creates a backdoor through which remote attackers can retrieve IP addresses of compromised machines.[66][67]

S0101 ifconfig

ifconfig can be used to display adapter configuration on Unix systems, including information for TCP/IP, DNS, and DHCP.

S0278 iKitten

iKitten will look for the current IP address.[68]

S0260 InvisiMole

InvisiMole gathers information on the IP forwarding table, MAC address, configured proxy, and network SSID.[69][70]

S0100 ipconfig

ipconfig can be used to display adapter configuration on Windows systems, including information for TCP/IP, DNS, and DHCP.

S0015 Ixeshe

Ixeshe enumerates the IP address, network proxy settings, and domain name from a victim's system.[71]

S0044 JHUHUGIT

A JHUHUGIT variant gathers network interface card information.[72]

S0201 JPIN

JPIN can obtain network information, including DNS, IP, and proxies.[73]

S0283 jRAT

jRAT can gather victim internal and external IPs.[74]

S0265 Kazuar

Kazuar gathers information about network adapters.[75]

G0004 Ke3chang

Ke3chang performs local network configuration discovery using ipconfig.[76][77]

S0487 Kessel

Kessel has collected the DNS address of the infected host.[27]

S0387 KeyBoy

KeyBoy can determine the public or WAN IP address for the system.[78]

S0271 KEYMARBLE

KEYMARBLE gathers the MAC address of the victim’s machine.[79]

S0250 Koadic

Koadic can retrieve information about the Windows domain.[80]

S0356 KONNI

KONNI can collect the IP address from the victim’s machine.[81]

S0236 Kwampirs

Kwampirs collects network adapter and interface information by using the commands ipconfig /all, arp -a and route print. It also collects the system's MAC address with getmac and domain configuration with net config workstation.[82]

G0032 Lazarus Group

Lazarus Group malware IndiaIndia obtains and sends to its C2 server information about the first network interface card’s configuration, including IP address, gateways, subnet mask, DHCP information, and whether WINS is available.[83][84]

S0395 LightNeuron

LightNeuron gathers information about network adapters using the Win32 API call GetAdaptersInfo.[85]

S0447 Lokibot

Lokibot has the ability to discover the domain name of the infected host.[86]

S0451 LoudMiner

LoudMiner used a script to gather the IP address of the infected machine before sending to the C2.[87]

S0532 Lucifer

Lucifer can collect the IP address of a compromised host.[88]

S0409 Machete

Machete collects the MAC address of the target computer and other network configuration information.[89][90]

G0059 Magic Hound

Magic Hound malware gathers the victim's local IP address, MAC address, and external IP address.[91]

G0045 menuPass

menuPass has used several tools to scan for open NetBIOS nameservers and enumerate NetBIOS sessions.[92]

S0084 Mis-Type

Mis-Type may create a file containing the results of the command cmd.exe /c ipconfig /all.[93]

S0149 MoonWind

MoonWind obtains the victim IP address.[94]

S0284 More_eggs

More_eggs has the capability to gather the IP address from the victim's machine.[95]

S0256 Mosquito

Mosquito uses the ipconfig command.[96]

G0069 MuddyWater

MuddyWater has used malware to collect the victim’s IP address and domain name.[97]

G0129 Mustang Panda

Mustang Panda has used ipconfig and arp to determine network configuration information.[98]

S0205 Naid

Naid collects the domain name from a compromised host.[99]

G0019 Naikon

Naikon uses commands such as netsh interface show to discover network interface settings.[100]

S0228 NanHaiShu

NanHaiShu can gather information about the victim proxy server.[101]

S0336 NanoCore

NanoCore gathers the IP address from the victim’s machine.[102]

S0590 NBTscan

NBTscan can be used to collect MAC addresses.[103][104]

S0102 nbtstat

nbtstat can be used to discover local NetBIOS domain names.

S0198 NETWIRE

NETWIRE can collect the IP address of a compromised host.[105][106]

S0359 Nltest

Nltest may be used to enumerate the parent domain of a local machine using /parentdomain.[107]

S0353 NOKKI

NOKKI can gather information on the victim IP address.[108]

S0346 OceanSalt

OceanSalt can collect the victim’s IP address.[109]

S0340 Octopus

Octopus collects the host IP address from the victim’s machine.[110]

G0049 OilRig

OilRig has run ipconfig /all on a victim.[111][112]

S0439 Okrum

Okrum can collect network information, including the host IP address, DNS, and proxy information.[113]

S0365 Olympic Destroyer

Olympic Destroyer uses API calls to enumerate the infected system's ARP table.[114]

G0116 Operation Wocao

Operation Wocao has discovered the local network configuration with ipconfig.[115]

S0229 Orz

Orz can gather victim proxy information.[101]

S0165 OSInfo

OSInfo discovers the current domain information.[11]

S0352 OSX_OCEANLOTUS.D

OSX_OCEANLOTUS.D can collect the network interface MAC address on the infected host.[116][117]

S0556 Pay2Key

Pay2Key can identify the IP and MAC addresses of the compromised host.[118]

S0587 Penquin

Penquin can report the IP of the compromised host to attacker controlled infrastructure.[119]

S0501 PipeMon

PipeMon can collect and send the local IP address, RDP information, and the network adapter physical address as a part of its C2 beacon.[120]

S0124 Pisloader

Pisloader has a command to collect the victim's IP address.[121]

S0254 PLAINTEE

PLAINTEE uses the ipconfig /all command to gather the victim’s IP address.[122]

S0378 PoshC2

PoshC2 can enumerate network adapter information.[123]

S0139 PowerDuke

PowerDuke has a command to get the victim's domain and NetBIOS name.[124]

S0441 PowerShower

PowerShower has the ability to identify the current Windows domain of the infected host.[125]

S0223 POWERSTATS

POWERSTATS can retrieve IP, network adapter configuration information, and domain from compromised hosts.[126][127]

S0184 POWRUNER

POWRUNER may collect network configuration data by running ipconfig /all on a victim.[128]

S0113 Prikormka

A module in Prikormka collects information from the victim about its IP addresses and MAC addresses.[129]

S0238 Proxysvc

Proxysvc collects the network adapter information and domain/username information based on current remote sessions.[130]

S0192 Pupy

Pupy has built in commands to identify a host’s IP address and find out other network configuration settings by viewing connected sessions.[131]

S0583 Pysa

Pysa can perform network reconnaissance using the Advanced IP Scanner tool.[132]

S0269 QUADAGENT

QUADAGENT gathers the current domain the victim system belongs to.[133]

S0458 Ramsay

Ramsay can use ipconfig and Arp to collect network configuration information, including routing information and ARP tables.[134]

S0241 RATANKBA

RATANKBA gathers the victim’s IP address via the ipconfig -all command.[135][136]

S0172 Reaver

Reaver collects the victim's IP address.[137]

S0153 RedLeaves

RedLeaves can obtain information about network parameters.[92]

S0125 Remsec

Remsec can obtain information about network configuration, including the routing table, ARP cache, and DNS cache.[138]

S0379 Revenge RAT

Revenge RAT collects the IP address and MAC address from the system.[139]

S0433 Rifdoor

Rifdoor has the ability to identify the IP address of the compromised host.[140]

S0448 Rising Sun

Rising Sun can detect network adapter and IP address information.[141]

S0270 RogueRobin

RogueRobin gathers the IP address and domain from the victim’s machine.[142]

S0103 route

route can be used to discover routing configuration information.

S0446 Ryuk

Ryuk has called GetIpNetTable in attempt to identify all mounted drives and hosts that have Address Resolution Protocol (ARP) entries.[143][144]

G0034 Sandworm Team

Sandworm Team used malware to enumerate proxy settings from the M.E.Doc application.[145]

S0461 SDBbot

SDBbot has the ability to determine the domain name and whether a proxy is configured on a compromised host.[146]

S0596 ShadowPad

ShadowPad has collected the domain name of the victim system.[147]

S0140 Shamoon

Shamoon obtains the target's IP address and local network segment.[148][149]

S0450 SHARPSTATS

SHARPSTATS has the ability to identify the domain of the compromised host.[127]

S0445 ShimRatReporter

ShimRatReporter gathered the local proxy, domain, IP, routing tables, mac address, gateway, DNS servers, and DHCP status information from an infected host.[150]

S0589 Sibot

Sibot checked if the compromised system is configured to use proxies.[60]

G0121 Sidewinder

Sidewinder has used malware to collect information on network interfaces, including the MAC address.[151]

S0516 SoreFang

SoreFang can collect the TCP/IP, DNS, DHCP, and network adapter configuration on a compromised host via ipconfig.exe /all.[152]

S0374 SpeakUp

SpeakUp uses the ifconfig -a command. [153]

G0038 Stealth Falcon

Stealth Falcon malware gathers the Address Resolution Protocol (ARP) table from the victim.[154]

S0491 StrongPity

StrongPity can identify the IP address of a compromised host.[155]

S0559 SUNBURST

SUNBURST collected all network interface MAC addresses that are up and not loopback devices, as well as IP address, DHCP configuration, and domain information.[156]

S0018 Sykipot

Sykipot may use ipconfig /all to gather system network configuration details.[157]

S0060 Sys10

Sys10 collects the local IP address of the victim and sends it to the C2.[100]

S0098 T9000

T9000 gathers and beacons the MAC and IP addresses during installation.[158]

S0467 TajMahal

TajMahal has the ability to identify the MAC address on an infected host.[159]

G0027 Threat Group-3390

Threat Group-3390 actors use NBTscan to discover vulnerable systems.[160]

S0266 TrickBot

TrickBot obtains the IP address, location, and other relevant network information from the victim’s machine.[161][162][35]

S0094 Trojan.Karagany

Trojan.Karagany can gather information on the network configuration of a compromised host.[163]

G0081 Tropic Trooper

Tropic Trooper has used scripts to collect the host's network topology.[164]

S0436 TSCookie

TSCookie has the ability to identify the IP of the infected host.[165]

G0010 Turla

Turla surveys a system upon check-in to discover network configuration details using the arp -a, nbtstat -n, net config, ipconfig /all, and route commands, as well as NBTscan.[51][166][167] Turla RPC backdoors have also retrieved registered RPC interface information from process memory.[168]

S0130 Unknown Logger

Unknown Logger can obtain information about the victim's IP address.[169]

S0275 UPPERCUT

UPPERCUT has the capability to gather the victim's proxy information.[170]

S0452 USBferry

USBferry can detect the infected machine's network topology using ipconfig and arp.[164]

S0476 Valak

Valak has the ability to identify the domain and the MAC and IP addresses of an infected machine.[171]

S0257 VERMIN

VERMIN gathers the local IP address.[172]

S0180 Volgmer

Volgmer can gather the IP address from the victim's machine.[173]

S0366 WannaCry

WannaCry will attempt to determine the local network segment it is a part of.[174]

S0515 WellMail

WellMail can identify the IP address of the victim system.[175]

S0514 WellMess

WellMess can identify the IP address and user domain on the target machine.[176][177]

G0102 Wizard Spider

Wizard Spider has used "ipconfig" to identify the network configuration of a victim machine.[178]

S0341 Xbash

Xbash can collect IP addresses and local intranet information from a victim’s machine.[179]

S0248 yty

yty runs ipconfig /all and collects the domain name.[180]

S0251 Zebrocy

Zebrocy runs the ipconfig /all command.[181]

S0230 ZeroT

ZeroT gathers the victim's IP address and domain information, and then sends it to its C2 server.[182]

G0128 ZIRCONIUM

ZIRCONIUM has used a tool to enumerate proxy settings in the target environment.[183]

S0350 zwShell

zwShell can obtain the victim IP address.[184]

Mitigations

This type of attack technique cannot be easily mitigated with preventive controls since it is based on the abuse of system features.

Detection

System and network discovery techniques normally occur throughout an operation as an adversary learns the environment. Data and events should not be viewed in isolation, but as part of a chain of behavior that could lead to other activities, such as Lateral Movement, based on the information obtained.

Monitor processes and command-line arguments for actions that could be taken to gather system and network information. Remote access tools with built-in features may interact directly with the Windows API to gather information. Information may also be acquired through Windows system management tools such as Windows Management Instrumentation and PowerShell.

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