REvil is a ransomware family that has been linked to the GOLD SOUTHFIELD group and operated as ransomware-as-a-service (RaaS) since at least April 2019. REvil, which as been used against organizations in the manufacturing, transportation, and electric sectors, is highly configurable and shares code similarities with the GandCrab RaaS.[1][2][3]

ID: S0496
Associated Software: Sodin, Sodinokibi
Platforms: Windows
Contributors: Edward Millington
Version: 2.2
Created: 04 August 2020
Last Modified: 11 April 2024

Associated Software Descriptions

Name Description




Techniques Used

Domain ID Name Use
Enterprise T1134 .001 Access Token Manipulation: Token Impersonation/Theft

REvil can obtain the token from the user that launched the explorer.exe process to avoid affecting the desktop of the SYSTEM user.[9]

.002 Access Token Manipulation: Create Process with Token

REvil can launch an instance of itself with administrative rights using runas.[1]

Enterprise T1071 .001 Application Layer Protocol: Web Protocols

REvil has used HTTP and HTTPS in communication with C2.[6][7][9][2][1]

Enterprise T1059 .001 Command and Scripting Interpreter: PowerShell

REvil has used PowerShell to delete volume shadow copies and download files.[7][8][2][3]

.003 Command and Scripting Interpreter: Windows Command Shell

REvil can use the Windows command line to delete volume shadow copies and disable recovery.[6][8][11][1]

.005 Command and Scripting Interpreter: Visual Basic

REvil has used obfuscated VBA macros for execution.[5][11]

Enterprise T1485 Data Destruction

REvil has the capability to destroy files and folders.[4][7][9][9][2][11][1]

Enterprise T1486 Data Encrypted for Impact

REvil can encrypt files on victim systems and demands a ransom to decrypt the files.[4][6][8][10][2][11][1][12]

Enterprise T1140 Deobfuscate/Decode Files or Information

REvil can decode encrypted strings to enable execution of commands and payloads.[5][4][6][9][2][1]

Enterprise T1189 Drive-by Compromise

REvil has infected victim machines through compromised websites and exploit kits.[1][9][11][7]

Enterprise T1573 .002 Encrypted Channel: Asymmetric Cryptography

REvil has encrypted C2 communications with the ECIES algorithm.[4]

Enterprise T1041 Exfiltration Over C2 Channel

REvil can exfiltrate host and malware information to C2 servers.[1]

Enterprise T1083 File and Directory Discovery

REvil has the ability to identify specific files and directories that are not to be encrypted.[4][6][7][9][2][1]

Enterprise T1562 .001 Impair Defenses: Disable or Modify Tools

REvil can connect to and disable the Symantec server on the victim's network.[6]

.009 Impair Defenses: Safe Mode Boot

REvil can force a reboot in safe mode with networking.[13]

Enterprise T1070 .004 Indicator Removal: File Deletion

REvil can mark its binary code for deletion after reboot.[2]

Enterprise T1105 Ingress Tool Transfer

REvil can download a copy of itself from an attacker controlled IP address to the victim machine.[8][9][11]

Enterprise T1490 Inhibit System Recovery

REvil can use vssadmin to delete volume shadow copies and bcdedit to disable recovery features.[4][6][7][8][9][2][11][1][12]

Enterprise T1036 .005 Masquerading: Match Legitimate Name or Location

REvil can mimic the names of known executables.[11]

Enterprise T1112 Modify Registry

REvil can modify the Registry to save encryption parameters and system information.[6][7][9][2][1]

Enterprise T1106 Native API

REvil can use Native API for execution and to retrieve active services.[1][2]

Enterprise T1027 .011 Obfuscated Files or Information: Fileless Storage

REvil can save encryption parameters and system information in the Registry.[6][7][9][2][1]

.013 Obfuscated Files or Information: Encrypted/Encoded File

REvil has used encrypted strings and configuration files.[5][7][9][2][3][11][1]

Enterprise T1069 .002 Permission Groups Discovery: Domain Groups

REvil can identify the domain membership of a compromised host.[4][9][1]

Enterprise T1566 .001 Phishing: Spearphishing Attachment

REvil has been distributed via malicious e-mail attachments including MS Word Documents.[5][6][1][9][11]

Enterprise T1055 Process Injection

REvil can inject itself into running processes on a compromised host.[10]

Enterprise T1012 Query Registry

REvil can query the Registry to get random file extensions to append to encrypted files.[1]

Enterprise T1489 Service Stop

REvil has the capability to stop services and kill processes.[2][1]

Enterprise T1082 System Information Discovery

REvil can identify the username, machine name, system language, keyboard layout, OS version, and system drive information on a compromised host.[4][6][7][9][9][2][3][1]

Enterprise T1614 .001 System Location Discovery: System Language Discovery

REvil can check the system language using GetUserDefaultUILanguage and GetSystemDefaultUILanguage. If the language is found in the list, the process terminates.[4]

Enterprise T1007 System Service Discovery

REvil can enumerate active services.[2]

Enterprise T1204 .002 User Execution: Malicious File

REvil has been executed via malicious MS Word e-mail attachments.[5][10][11]

Enterprise T1047 Windows Management Instrumentation

REvil can use WMI to monitor for and kill specific processes listed in its configuration file.[7][3]

ICS T0828 Loss of Productivity and Revenue

The REvil malware gained access to an organizations network and encrypted sensitive files used by OT equipment. [14]

ICS T0849 Masquerading

REvil searches for whether the Ahnlab autoup.exe service is running on the target system and injects its payload into this existing process. [15]

ICS T0886 Remote Services

REvil uses the SMB protocol to encrypt files located on remotely connected file shares. [16]

ICS T0853 Scripting

REvil utilizes JavaScript, WScript, and PowerShell scripts to execute. The malicious JavaScript attachment has an obfuscated PowerShell script that executes the malware. [15]

ICS T0881 Service Stop

REvil searches for all processes listed in the prc field within its configuration file and then terminates each process. [17]

ICS T0869 Standard Application Layer Protocol

REvil sends HTTPS POST messages with randomly generated URLs to communicate with a remote server. [15] [18]

ICS T0882 Theft of Operational Information

REvil sends exfiltrated data from the victims system using HTTPS POST messages sent to the C2 system. [17] [18]

ICS T0863 User Execution

REvil initially executes when the user clicks on a JavaScript file included in the phishing emails .zip attachment. [15]

Groups That Use This Software