JUST RELEASED: ATT&CK for Industrial Control Systems


Bisonal is malware that has been used in attacks against targets in Russia, South Korea, and Japan. It has been observed in the wild since 2014. [1]

ID: S0268
Platforms: Windows
Version: 1.0
Created: 17 October 2018
Last Modified: 17 October 2018

Techniques Used

Domain ID Name Use
Enterprise T1059 Command-Line Interface

Bisonal can launch cmd.exe to execute commands on the system.[1]

Enterprise T1043 Commonly Used Port

Bisonal uses 443 for C2 communications.[1]

Enterprise T1024 Custom Cryptographic Protocol

Bisonal variants reported on in 2014 and 2015 used a simple XOR cipher for C2.[1]

Enterprise T1140 Deobfuscate/Decode Files or Information

Bisonal decodes strings in the malware using XOR and RC4.[1]

Enterprise T1107 File Deletion

Bisonal deletes its dropper and VBS scripts from the victim’s machine.[1]

Enterprise T1027 Obfuscated Files or Information

Bisonal's DLL file and non-malicious decoy file are encrypted with RC4.[1]

Enterprise T1057 Process Discovery

Bisonal can obtain a list of running processes on the victim’s machine.[1]

Enterprise T1060 Registry Run Keys / Startup Folder

Bisonal adds itself to the Registry key HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\CurrentVersion\Run\ for persistence.[1]

Enterprise T1105 Remote File Copy

Bisonal has the capability to download files to execute on the victim’s machine.[1]

Enterprise T1085 Rundll32

Bisonal uses rundll32.exe to execute as part of the Registry Run key it adds: HKEY_CURRENT_USER \Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run\"vert" = "rundll32.exe c:\windows\temp\pvcu.dll , Qszdez".[1]

Enterprise T1064 Scripting

Bisonal's dropper creates VBS scripts on the victim’s machine.[1]

Enterprise T1071 Standard Application Layer Protocol

Bisonal uses HTTP for C2 communications.[1]

Enterprise T1032 Standard Cryptographic Protocol

Some Bisonal samples encrypt C2 communications with RC4.[1]

Enterprise T1082 System Information Discovery

Bisonal has a command to gather system information from the victim’s machine.[1]

Enterprise T1016 System Network Configuration Discovery

Bisonal can execute ipconfig on the victim’s machine.[1]