Shamoon is wiper malware that was first used by an Iranian group known as the "Cutting Sword of Justice" in 2012. Other versions known as Shamoon 2 and Shamoon 3 were observed in 2016 and 2018. Shamoon has also been seen leveraging RawDisk to carry out data wiping tasks. The term Shamoon is sometimes used to refer to the group using the malware as well as the malware itself.
Associated Software Descriptions
|Enterprise||T1088||Bypass User Account Control|
|Enterprise||T1043||Commonly Used Port|
|Enterprise||T1486||Data Encrypted for Impact|
|Enterprise||T1487||Disk Structure Wipe|
Shamoon creates a new service named "ntssrv" that attempts to appear legitimate; the service's display name is "Microsoft Network Realtime Inspection Service" and its description is "Helps guard against time change attempts targeting known and newly discovered vulnerabilities in network time protocols."
Once Shamoon has access to a network share, it enables the RemoteRegistry service on the target system. It will then connect to the system with RegConnectRegistryW and modify the Registry to disable UAC remote restrictions by setting
|Enterprise||T1027||Obfuscated Files or Information|
|Enterprise||T1105||Remote File Copy|
|Enterprise||T1018||Remote System Discovery|
|Enterprise||T1071||Standard Application Layer Protocol|
|Enterprise||T1082||System Information Discovery|
|Enterprise||T1016||System Network Configuration Discovery|
|Enterprise||T1124||System Time Discovery|
|Enterprise||T1077||Windows Admin Shares|
Groups That Use This Software
- FireEye. (2016, November 30). FireEye Responds to Wave of Destructive Cyber Attacks in Gulf Region. Retrieved January 11, 2017.
- Security Response attack Investigation Team. (2019, March 27). Elfin: Relentless Espionage Group Targets Multiple Organizations in Saudi Arabia and U.S.. Retrieved April 10, 2019.