Software Discovery

Adversaries may attempt to get a listing of applications that are installed on a device. Adversaries may use the information from Software Discovery during automated discovery to shape follow-on behaviors, including whether or not to fully infect the target and/or attempts specific actions.

Adversaries may attempt to enumerate applications for a variety of reasons, such as figuring out what security measures are present or to identify the presence of target applications.

ID: T1418
Sub-techniques:  T1418.001
Tactic Type: Post-Adversary Device Access
Tactic: Discovery
Platforms: Android, iOS
Version: 2.1
Created: 25 October 2017
Last Modified: 20 March 2023

Procedure Examples

ID Name Description
S1061 AbstractEmu

AbstractEmu can obtain a list of installed applications.[1]

S0440 Agent Smith

Agent Smith obtains the device’s application list.[2]

S0525 Android/AdDisplay.Ashas

Android/AdDisplay.Ashas has checked to see how many apps are installed, and specifically if Facebook or FB Messenger are installed.[3]

S0422 Anubis

Anubis can collect a list of installed applications to compare to a list of targeted applications.[4]


BOULDSPY can retrieve the list of installed applications.[5]

C0033 C0033

During C0033, PROMETHIUM used StrongPity to obtain a list of installed applications.[6]

S0529 CarbonSteal

CarbonSteal has looked for specific applications, such as MiCode.[7]

S0480 Cerberus

Cerberus can obtain a list of installed applications.[8]

S1083 Chameleon

Chameleon can read the name of application packages.[9]


DEFENSOR ID can retrieve a list of installed applications.[10]

S0505 Desert Scorpion

Desert Scorpion can obtain a list of installed applications.[11]

S0550 DoubleAgent

DoubleAgent has accessed the list of installed apps.[7]

S0478 EventBot

EventBot can collect a list of installed applications.[12]

S0405 Exodus

Exodus Two can obtain a list of installed applications.[13]

S0509 FakeSpy

FakeSpy can collect a list of installed applications.[14]

S0408 FlexiSpy

FlexiSpy can retrieve a list of installed applications.[15]

S0423 Ginp

Ginp can obtain a list of installed applications.[16]

S0535 Golden Cup

Golden Cup can obtain a list of installed applications.[17]

S0551 GoldenEagle

GoldenEagle has collected a list of installed application names.[7]

S0421 GolfSpy

GolfSpy can obtain a list of installed applications.[18]

S0536 GPlayed

GPlayed can collect a list of installed applications.[19]

S0544 HenBox

HenBox can obtain a list of running apps.[20]

S1077 Hornbill

Hornbill can search for installed applications such as WhatsApp.[21]


INSOMNIA can obtain a list of installed non-Apple applications.[22]

S0485 Mandrake

Mandrake can obtain a list of installed applications.[23]

S0407 Monokle

Monokle can list applications installed on the device.[24]

S0399 Pallas

Pallas retrieves a list of all applications installed on the device.[25]

S0316 Pegasus for Android

Pegasus for Android accesses the list of installed applications.[26]

S0539 Red Alert 2.0

Red Alert 2.0 can obtain the running application.[27]

S0403 Riltok

Riltok can retrieve a list of installed applications. Installed application names are then checked against an adversary-defined list of targeted applications.[28]

S0411 Rotexy

Rotexy retrieves a list of installed applications and sends it to the command and control server.[29]

S1062 S.O.V.A.

S.O.V.A. can search for installed applications that match a list of targets.[30]

S0328 Stealth Mango

Stealth Mango uploads information about installed packages.[31]

S1082 Sunbird

Sunbird can exfiltrate a list of installed applications.[21]

S1069 TangleBot

TangleBot can obtain a list of installed applications.[32]


TERRACOTTA can obtain a list of installed apps.[33]

S0558 Tiktok Pro

Tiktok Pro can obtain a list of installed applications.[34]

S0424 Triada

Triada is able to modify code within the application to gain access to GET_REAL_TASKS permissions. This permission enables access to information about applications currently on the foreground and other recently used apps.[35]

S0427 TrickMo

TrickMo can collect a list of installed applications.[36]

S0418 ViceLeaker

ViceLeaker can obtain a list of installed applications.[37]

S0489 WolfRAT

WolfRAT can obtain a list of installed applications.[38]

S0311 YiSpecter

YiSpecter has collected information about installed applications.[39]


ID Mitigation Description
M1006 Use Recent OS Version

Android 11 introduced privacy enhancements to package visibility, filtering results that are returned from the package manager. iOS 12 removed the private API that could previously be used to list installed applications on non-app store applications.[40]

M1011 User Guidance

iOS users should be instructed to not download applications from unofficial sources, as applications distributed via the Apple App Store cannot list installed applications on a device.


ID Data Source Data Component Detects
DS0041 Application Vetting API Calls

Application vetting services could look for the Android permission android.permission.QUERY_ALL_PACKAGES, and apply extra scrutiny to applications that request it. On iOS, application vetting services could look for usage of the private API LSApplicationWorkspace and apply extra scrutiny to applications that employ it.


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