OutSteel is a file uploader and document stealer developed with the scripting language AutoIT that has been used by Ember Bear since at least March 2021.[1]

ID: S1017
Platforms: Windows
Version: 1.0
Created: 09 June 2022
Last Modified: 09 June 2022

Techniques Used

Domain ID Name Use
Enterprise T1071 .001 Application Layer Protocol: Web Protocols

OutSteel has used HTTP for C2 communications.[1]

Enterprise T1119 Automated Collection

OutSteel can automatically scan for and collect files with specific extensions.[1]

Enterprise T1020 Automated Exfiltration

OutSteel can automatically upload collected files to its C2 server.[1]

Enterprise T1059 .003 Command and Scripting Interpreter: Windows Command Shell

OutSteel has used cmd.exe to scan a compromised host for specific file extensions.[1]

Enterprise T1005 Data from Local System

OutSteel can collect information from a compromised host.[1]

Enterprise T1041 Exfiltration Over C2 Channel

OutSteel can upload files from a compromised host over its C2 channel.[1]

Enterprise T1083 File and Directory Discovery

OutSteel can search for specific file extensions, including zipped files.[1]

Enterprise T1070 .004 Indicator Removal: File Deletion

OutSteel can delete itself following the successful execution of a follow-on payload.[1]

Enterprise T1105 Ingress Tool Transfer

OutSteel can download files from its C2 server.[1]

Enterprise T1566 .001 Phishing: Spearphishing Attachment

OutSteel has been distributed as a malicious attachment within a spearphishing email.[1]

.002 Phishing: Spearphishing Link

OutSteel has been distributed through malicious links contained within spearphishing emails.[1]

Enterprise T1057 Process Discovery

OutSteel can identify running processes on a compromised host.[1]

Enterprise T1204 .001 User Execution: Malicious Link

OutSteel has relied on a user to click a malicious link within a spearphishing email.[1]

.002 User Execution: Malicious File

OutSteel has relied on a user to execute a malicious attachment delivered via spearphishing.[1]

Groups That Use This Software

ID Name References
G1003 Ember Bear