Software Discovery

Adversaries may attempt to get a listing of software and software versions that are installed on a system or in a cloud environment. Adversaries may use the information from Software Discovery during automated discovery to shape follow-on behaviors, including whether or not the adversary fully infects the target and/or attempts specific actions.

Adversaries may attempt to enumerate software for a variety of reasons, such as figuring out what security measures are present or if the compromised system has a version of software that is vulnerable to Exploitation for Privilege Escalation.

ID: T1518
Sub-techniques:  T1518.001
Tactic: Discovery
Platforms: Azure AD, Google Workspace, IaaS, Linux, Office 365, SaaS, Windows, macOS
Permissions Required: Administrator, User
Version: 1.3
Created: 16 September 2019
Last Modified: 29 January 2022

Procedure Examples

ID Name Description
S0534 Bazar

Bazar can query the Registry for installed applications.[1]


BRONZE BUTLER has used tools to enumerate software installed on an infected host.[2]

S0482 Bundlore

Bundlore has the ability to enumerate what browser is being used as well as version information for Safari.[3]

S0674 CharmPower

CharmPower can list the installed applications on a compromised host.[4]

S0154 Cobalt Strike

The Cobalt Strike System Profiler can discover applications through the browser and identify the version of Java the target has.[5]

S0126 ComRAT

ComRAT can check the victim's default browser to determine which process to inject its communications module into.[6]

S0472 down_new

down_new has the ability to gather information on installed applications.[2]

S0384 Dridex

Dridex has collected a list of installed software on the system.[7]

S0062 DustySky

DustySky lists all installed software for the infected machine.[8]

S0024 Dyre

Dyre has the ability to identify installed programs on a compromised host.[9]


HEXANE has enumerated programs installed on an infected machine.[10]

S0431 HotCroissant

HotCroissant can retrieve a list of applications from the SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\App Paths registry key.[11]

G0100 Inception

Inception has enumerated installed software on compromised systems.[12]

S0260 InvisiMole

InvisiMole can collect information about installed software used by specific users, software executed on user login, and software executed by each system.[13][14]


KGH_SPY can collect information on installed applications.[15]

S0652 MarkiRAT

MarkiRAT can check for the Telegram installation directory by enumerating the files on disk.[16]

S0455 Metamorfo

Metamorfo has searched the compromised system for banking applications.[17][18]

G0069 MuddyWater

MuddyWater has used a PowerShell backdoor to check for Skype connectivity on the target machine.[19]

G0129 Mustang Panda

Mustang Panda has searched the victim system for the InstallUtil.exe program and its version.[20]

C0016 Operation Dust Storm

During Operation Dust Storm, the threat actors deployed a file called DeployJava.js to fingerprint installed software on a victim system prior to exploit delivery.[21]

C0014 Operation Wocao

During Operation Wocao, threat actors collected a list of installed software on the infected system.[22]

S0229 Orz

Orz can gather the victim's Internet Explorer version.[23]

S0598 P.A.S. Webshell

P.A.S. Webshell can list PHP server configuration details.[24]

S0650 QakBot

QakBot can enumerate a list of installed programs.[25]

S0148 RTM

RTM can scan victim drives to look for specific banking software on the machine to determine next actions.[26]

S0445 ShimRatReporter

ShimRatReporter gathered a list of installed software on the infected host.[27]

G1008 SideCopy

SideCopy has collected browser information from a compromised host.[28]

G0121 Sidewinder

Sidewinder has used tools to enumerate software installed on an infected host.[29][30]

S0623 Siloscape

Siloscape searches for the kubectl binary.[31]

S0646 SpicyOmelette

SpicyOmelette can enumerate running software on a targeted system.[32]


SUGARDUMP can identify Chrome, Opera, Edge Chromium, and Firefox browsers, including version number, on a compromised host.[33]

S0467 TajMahal

TajMahal has the ability to identify the Internet Explorer (IE) version on an infected host.[34]

G0081 Tropic Trooper

Tropic Trooper's backdoor could list the infected system's installed software.[35]

G0124 Windigo

Windigo has used a script to detect installed software on targeted systems.[36]

G0112 Windshift

Windshift has used malware to identify installed software.[37]


XCSSET uses ps aux with the grep command to enumerate common browsers and system processes potentially impacting XCSSET's exfiltration capabilities.[38]


This type of attack technique cannot be easily mitigated with preventive controls since it is based on the abuse of system features.


ID Data Source Data Component Detects
DS0017 Command Command Execution

Monitor executed commands and arguments that may attempt to get a listing of software and software versions that are installed on a system or in a cloud environment.

DS0018 Firewall Firewall Enumeration

Monitor for an extracted list of available firewalls and/or their associated settings/rules (ex: Azure Network Firewall CLI Show commands)

Firewall Metadata

Monitor for contextual data about a firewall and activity around it such as name, policy, or status

DS0009 Process OS API Execution

Monitor for API calls that may attempt to get a listing of software and software versions that are installed on a system or in a cloud environment.

Process Creation

Monitor newly executed processes that may attempt to get a listing of software and software versions that are installed on a system or in a cloud environment.


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  3. Sushko, O. (2019, April 17). macOS Bundlore: Mac Virus Bypassing macOS Security Features. Retrieved June 30, 2020.
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  12. Symantec. (2018, March 14). Inception Framework: Alive and Well, and Hiding Behind Proxies. Retrieved May 8, 2020.
  13. Hromcová, Z. (2018, June 07). InvisiMole: Surprisingly equipped spyware, undercover since 2013. Retrieved July 10, 2018.
  14. Hromcova, Z. and Cherpanov, A. (2020, June). INVISIMOLE: THE HIDDEN PART OF THE STORY. Retrieved July 16, 2020.
  15. Dahan, A. et al. (2020, November 2). Back to the Future: Inside the Kimsuky KGH Spyware Suite. Retrieved November 6, 2020.
  16. GReAT. (2021, June 16). Ferocious Kitten: 6 Years of Covert Surveillance in Iran. Retrieved September 22, 2021.
  17. Sierra, E., Iglesias, G.. (2018, April 24). Metamorfo Campaigns Targeting Brazilian Users. Retrieved July 30, 2020.
  18. ESET Research. (2019, October 3). Casbaneiro: peculiarities of this banking Trojan that affects Brazil and Mexico. Retrieved September 23, 2021.
  19. Peretz, A. and Theck, E. (2021, March 5). Earth Vetala – MuddyWater Continues to Target Organizations in the Middle East. Retrieved March 18, 2021.
  1. Anomali Threat Research. (2019, October 7). China-Based APT Mustang Panda Targets Minority Groups, Public and Private Sector Organizations. Retrieved April 12, 2021.
  2. Gross, J. (2016, February 23). Operation Dust Storm. Retrieved December 22, 2021.
  3. Dantzig, M. v., Schamper, E. (2019, December 19). Operation Wocao: Shining a light on one of China’s hidden hacking groups. Retrieved October 8, 2020.
  4. Axel F, Pierre T. (2017, October 16). Leviathan: Espionage actor spearphishes maritime and defense targets. Retrieved February 15, 2018.
  6. Group IB. (2020, September). LOCK LIKE A PRO. Retrieved September 27, 2021.
  7. Faou, M. and Boutin, J. (2017, February). Read The Manual: A Guide to the RTM Banking Trojan. Retrieved March 9, 2017.
  8. Yonathan Klijnsma. (2016, May 17). Mofang: A politically motivated information stealing adversary. Retrieved May 12, 2020.
  9. Threat Intelligence Team. (2021, December 2). SideCopy APT: Connecting lures victims, payloads to infrastructure. Retrieved June 13, 2022.
  10. Hegel, T. (2021, January 13). A Global Perspective of the SideWinder APT. Retrieved January 27, 2021.
  11. Rewterz. (2020, April 20). Sidewinder APT Group Campaign Analysis. Retrieved January 29, 2021.
  12. Prizmant, D. (2021, June 7). Siloscape: First Known Malware Targeting Windows Containers to Compromise Cloud Environments. Retrieved June 9, 2021.
  13. CTU. (2018, September 27). Cybercriminals Increasingly Trying to Ensnare the Big Financial Fish. Retrieved September 20, 2021.
  14. Mandiant Israel Research Team. (2022, August 17). Suspected Iranian Actor Targeting Israeli Shipping, Healthcare, Government and Energy Sectors. Retrieved September 21, 2022.
  15. GReAT. (2019, April 10). Project TajMahal – a sophisticated new APT framework. Retrieved October 14, 2019.
  16. Chen, J.. (2020, May 12). Tropic Trooper’s Back: USBferry Attack Targets Air gapped Environments. Retrieved May 20, 2020.
  17. Dumont, R., M.Léveillé, M., Porcher, H. (2018, December 1). THE DARK SIDE OF THE FORSSHE A landscape of OpenSSH backdoors. Retrieved July 16, 2020.
  18. The BlackBerry Research & Intelligence Team. (2020, October). BAHAMUT: Hack-for-Hire Masters of Phishing, Fake News, and Fake Apps. Retrieved February 8, 2021.
  19. Mac Threat Response, Mobile Research Team. (2020, August 13). The XCSSET Malware: Inserts Malicious Code Into Xcode Projects, Performs UXSS Backdoor Planting in Safari, and Leverages Two Zero-day Exploits. Retrieved October 5, 2021.