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Scheduled Transfer

Data exfiltration may be performed only at certain times of day or at certain intervals. This could be done to blend traffic patterns with normal activity or availability.

When scheduled exfiltration is used, other exfiltration techniques likely apply as well to transfer the information out of the network, such as Exfiltration Over Command and Control Channel and Exfiltration Over Alternative Protocol.

ID: T1029

Tactic: Exfiltration

Platform:  Linux, macOS, Windows

Data Sources:  Netflow/Enclave netflow, Process use of network, Process monitoring

Requires Network:  Yes

Version: 1.0

Examples

NameDescription
ADVSTORESHELL

ADVSTORESHELL collects, compresses, encrypts, and exfiltrates data to the C2 server every 10 minutes.[1]

Cobalt Strike

Cobalt Strike can set its "beacon" payload to reach out to the C2 server on an arbitrary and random interval. In addition it will break large data sets into smaller chunks for exfiltration.[2]

Dipsind

Dipsind can be configured to only run during normal working hours, which would make its communications harder to distinguish from normal traffic.[3]

Kazuar

Kazuar can sleep for a specific time and be set to communicate at specific intervals.[4]

Linfo

Linfo creates a backdoor through which remote attackers can change the frequency at which compromised hosts contact remote C2 infrastructure.[5]

POWERSTATS

POWERSTATS can sleep for a given number of seconds.[6]

Mitigation

Network intrusion detection and prevention systems that use network signatures to identify traffic for specific adversary command and control infrastructure and malware can be used to mitigate activity at the network level. Signatures are often for unique indicators within protocols and may be based on the specific obfuscation technique used by a particular adversary or tool, and will likely be different across various malware families and versions. Adversaries will likely change tool command and control signatures over time or construct protocols in such a way to avoid detection by common defensive tools. [7]

Detection

Monitor process file access patterns and network behavior. Unrecognized processes or scripts that appear to be traversing file systems and sending network traffic may be suspicious. Network connections to the same destination that occur at the same time of day for multiple days are suspicious.

References