LiteDuke is a third stage backdoor that was used by APT29, primarily in 2014-2015. LiteDuke used the same dropper as PolyglotDuke, and was found on machines also compromised by MiniDuke.[1]

ID: S0513
Platforms: Windows
Version: 1.0
Created: 24 September 2020
Last Modified: 04 October 2021

Techniques Used

Domain ID Name Use
Enterprise T1071 .001 Application Layer Protocol: Web Protocols

LiteDuke can use HTTP GET requests in C2 communications.[1]

Enterprise T1547 .001 Boot or Logon Autostart Execution: Registry Run Keys / Startup Folder

LiteDuke can create persistence by adding a shortcut in the CurrentVersion\Run Registry key.[1]

Enterprise T1140 Deobfuscate/Decode Files or Information

LiteDuke has the ability to decrypt and decode multiple layers of obfuscation.[1]

Enterprise T1070 .004 Indicator Removal: File Deletion

LiteDuke can securely delete files by first writing random data to the file.[1]

Enterprise T1105 Ingress Tool Transfer

LiteDuke has the ability to download files.[1]

Enterprise T1027 .002 Obfuscated Files or Information: Software Packing

LiteDuke has been packed with multiple layers of encryption.[1]

.003 Obfuscated Files or Information: Steganography

LiteDuke has used image files to hide its loader component.[1]

Enterprise T1012 Query Registry

LiteDuke can query the Registry to check for the presence of HKCU\Software\KasperskyLab.[1]

Enterprise T1518 .001 Software Discovery: Security Software Discovery

LiteDuke has the ability to check for the presence of Kaspersky security software.[1]

Enterprise T1082 System Information Discovery

LiteDuke can enumerate the CPUID and BIOS version on a compromised system.[1]

Enterprise T1016 System Network Configuration Discovery

LiteDuke has the ability to discover the proxy configuration of Firefox and/or Opera.[1]

Enterprise T1033 System Owner/User Discovery

LiteDuke can enumerate the account name on a targeted system.[1]

Enterprise T1497 .003 Virtualization/Sandbox Evasion: Time Based Evasion

LiteDuke can wait 30 seconds before executing additional code if security software is detected.[1]

Groups That Use This Software

ID Name References
G0016 APT29