POWERSTATS is a PowerShell-based first stage backdoor used by MuddyWater. [1]

ID: S0223
Associated Software: Powermud
Platforms: Windows
Version: 2.1
Created: 18 April 2018
Last Modified: 23 June 2020

Associated Software Descriptions

Name Description


Techniques Used

Domain ID Name Use
Enterprise T1087 .001 Account Discovery: Local Account

POWERSTATS can retrieve usernames from compromised hosts.[3]

Enterprise T1059 .005 Command and Scripting Interpreter: Visual Basic

POWERSTATS can use VBScript (VBE) code for execution.[4][5]

.001 Command and Scripting Interpreter: PowerShell

POWERSTATS uses PowerShell for obfuscation and execution.[1][4][5]

.007 Command and Scripting Interpreter: JavaScript/JScript

POWERSTATS can use JavaScript code for execution.[4]

Enterprise T1132 .001 Data Encoding: Standard Encoding

POWERSTATS encoded C2 traffic with base64.[1]

Enterprise T1005 Data from Local System

POWERSTATS can upload files from compromised hosts.[3]

Enterprise T1140 Deobfuscate/Decode Files or Information

POWERSTATS can deobfuscate the main backdoor code.[4]

Enterprise T1573 .002 Encrypted Channel: Asymmetric Cryptography

POWERSTATS has encrypted C2 traffic with RSA.[3]

Enterprise T1562 .001 Impair Defenses: Disable or Modify Tools

POWERSTATS can disable Microsoft Office Protected View by changing Registry keys.[3]

Enterprise T1070 .004 Indicator Removal on Host: File Deletion

POWERSTATS can delete all files on the C:\, D:\, E:\ and, F:\ drives using PowerShell Remove-Item commands.[3]

Enterprise T1105 Ingress Tool Transfer

POWERSTATS can retrieve and execute additional PowerShell payloads from the C2 server.[3]

Enterprise T1559 .002 Inter-Process Communication: Dynamic Data Exchange

POWERSTATS can use DDE to execute additional payloads on compromised hosts.[3]

.001 Inter-Process Communication: Component Object Model

POWERSTATS can use DCOM (targeting the loopback address) to execute additional payloads on compromised hosts.[3]

Enterprise T1036 .004 Masquerading: Masquerade Task or Service

POWERSTATS has created a scheduled task named "MicrosoftEdge" to establish persistence.[4]

Enterprise T1027 Obfuscated Files or Information

POWERSTATS uses character replacement, PowerShell environment variables, and XOR encoding to obfuscate code. POWERSTATS's backdoor code is a multi-layer obfuscated, encoded, and compressed blob. [3][4] POWERSTATS has used PowerShell code with custom string obfuscation [5]

.001 Binary Padding

POWERSTATS has used useless code blocks to counter analysis.[5]

Enterprise T1057 Process Discovery

POWERSTATS has used get_tasklist to discover processes on the compromised host.[5]

Enterprise T1090 .002 Proxy: External Proxy

POWERSTATS has connected to C2 servers through proxies.[3]

Enterprise T1053 .005 Scheduled Task/Job: Scheduled Task

POWERSTATS has established persistence through a scheduled task using the command "C:\Windows\system32\schtasks.exe" /Create /F /SC DAILY /ST 12:00 /TN MicrosoftEdge /TR "c:\Windows\system32\wscript.exe C:\Windows\temp\Windows.vbe".[4]

Enterprise T1029 Scheduled Transfer

POWERSTATS can sleep for a given number of seconds.[3]

Enterprise T1113 Screen Capture

POWERSTATS can retrieve screenshots from compromised hosts.[3][5]

Enterprise T1218 .005 Signed Binary Proxy Execution: Mshta

POWERSTATS can use Mshta.exe to execute additional payloads on compromised hosts.[3]

Enterprise T1518 .001 Software Discovery: Security Software Discovery

POWERSTATS has detected security tools.[3]

Enterprise T1082 System Information Discovery

POWERSTATS can retrieve OS name/architecture and computer/domain name information from compromised hosts.[3][5]

Enterprise T1016 System Network Configuration Discovery

POWERSTATS can retrieve IP, network adapter configuration information, and domain from compromised hosts.[3][5]

Enterprise T1033 System Owner/User Discovery

POWERSTATS has the ability to identify the username on the compromised host.[5]

Enterprise T1047 Windows Management Instrumentation

POWERSTATS can use WMI queries to retrieve data from compromised hosts.[3][4]

Groups That Use This Software

ID Name References
G0069 MuddyWater