JUST RELEASED: ATT&CK for Industrial Control Systems


POWERSTATS is a PowerShell-based first stage backdoor used by MuddyWater. [1]

ID: S0223
Associated Software: Powermud
Platforms: Windows
Version: 2.0
Created: 18 April 2018
Last Modified: 22 April 2019

Associated Software Descriptions

Name Description
Powermud [4]

Techniques Used

Domain ID Name Use
Enterprise T1087 Account Discovery

POWERSTATS can retrieve usernames from compromised hosts.[2]

Enterprise T1043 Commonly Used Port

POWERSTATS has used port 80 for C2.[1]

Enterprise T1175 Component Object Model and Distributed COM

POWERSTATS can use DCOM (targeting the loopback address) to execute additional payloads on compromised hosts.[2]

Enterprise T1090 Connection Proxy

POWERSTATS has connected to C2 servers through proxies.[2]

Enterprise T1132 Data Encoding

POWERSTATS encoded C2 traffic with base64.[1]

Enterprise T1005 Data from Local System

POWERSTATS can upload files from compromised hosts.[2]

Enterprise T1140 Deobfuscate/Decode Files or Information

POWERSTATS can deobfuscate the main backdoor code.[3]

Enterprise T1089 Disabling Security Tools

POWERSTATS can disable Microsoft Office Protected View by changing Registry keys.[2]

Enterprise T1173 Dynamic Data Exchange

POWERSTATS can use DDE to execute additional payloads on compromised hosts.[2]

Enterprise T1107 File Deletion

POWERSTATS can delete all files on the C:\, D:\, E:\ and, F:\ drives using PowerShell Remove-Item commands.[2]

Enterprise T1036 Masquerading

POWERSTATS has created a scheduled task named "MicrosoftEdge" to establish persistence.[3]

Enterprise T1170 Mshta

POWERSTATS can use Mshta.exe to execute additional payloads on compromised hosts.[2]

Enterprise T1027 Obfuscated Files or Information

POWERSTATS uses character replacement, PowerShell environment variables, and XOR encoding to obfuscate code. POWERSTATS's backdoor code is a multi-layer obfuscated, encoded, and compressed blob.[2][3]

Enterprise T1086 PowerShell

POWERSTATS uses PowerShell for obfuscation and execution.[1][3]

Enterprise T1105 Remote File Copy

POWERSTATS can retrieve and execute additional PowerShell payloads from the C2 server.[2]

Enterprise T1053 Scheduled Task

POWERSTATS has established persistence through a scheduled task using the command "C:\Windows\system32\schtasks.exe" /Create /F /SC DAILY /ST 12:00 /TN MicrosoftEdge /TR "c:\Windows\system32\wscript.exe C:\Windows\temp\Windows.vbe".[3]

Enterprise T1029 Scheduled Transfer

POWERSTATS can sleep for a given number of seconds.[2]

Enterprise T1113 Screen Capture

POWERSTATS can retrieve screenshots from compromised hosts.[2]

Enterprise T1064 Scripting

POWERSTATS can use VBScript (VBE), PowerShell, and JavaScript code for execution.[3]

Enterprise T1063 Security Software Discovery

POWERSTATS has detected security tools.[2]

Enterprise T1032 Standard Cryptographic Protocol

POWERSTATS has encrypted C2 traffic with RSA.[2]

Enterprise T1082 System Information Discovery

POWERSTATS can retrieve OS name/architecture and computer/domain name information from compromised hosts.[2]

Enterprise T1016 System Network Configuration Discovery

POWERSTATS can retrieve IP and network adapter configuration information from compromised hosts.[2]

Enterprise T1065 Uncommonly Used Port

POWERSTATS has used ports 8060 and 8888 for C2.[1]

Enterprise T1047 Windows Management Instrumentation

POWERSTATS can use WMI queries to retrieve data from compromised hosts.[2][3]

Groups That Use This Software

ID Name References
G0069 MuddyWater [1] [2] [3] [4]