Ixeshe is a malware family that has been used since at least 2009 against targets in East Asia. [1]

ID: S0015
Platforms: Windows
Version: 1.2
Created: 31 May 2017
Last Modified: 20 March 2020

Techniques Used

Domain ID Name Use
Enterprise T1071 .001 Application Layer Protocol: Web Protocols

Ixeshe uses HTTP for command and control.[1][2]

Enterprise T1547 .001 Boot or Logon Autostart Execution: Registry Run Keys / Startup Folder

Ixeshe can achieve persistence by adding itself to the HKCU\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run Registry key.[2]

Enterprise T1059 .003 Command and Scripting Interpreter: Windows Command Shell

Ixeshe is capable of executing commands via cmd.[2]

Enterprise T1132 .001 Data Encoding: Standard Encoding

Ixeshe uses custom Base64 encoding schemes to obfuscate command and control traffic in the message body of HTTP requests.[1][2]

Enterprise T1005 Data from Local System

Ixeshe can collect data from a local system.[2]

Enterprise T1083 File and Directory Discovery

Ixeshe can list file and directory information.[2]

Enterprise T1564 .001 Hide Artifacts: Hidden Files and Directories

Ixeshe sets its own executable file's attributes to hidden.[2]

Enterprise T1070 .004 Indicator Removal: File Deletion

Ixeshe has a command to delete a file from the machine.[2]

Enterprise T1105 Ingress Tool Transfer

Ixeshe can download and execute additional files.[2]

Enterprise T1036 .005 Masquerading: Match Legitimate Name or Location

Ixeshe has used registry values and file names associated with Adobe software, such as AcroRd32.exe.[2]

Enterprise T1057 Process Discovery

Ixeshe can list running processes.[2]

Enterprise T1082 System Information Discovery

Ixeshe collects the computer name of the victim's system during the initial infection.[2]

Enterprise T1016 System Network Configuration Discovery

Ixeshe enumerates the IP address, network proxy settings, and domain name from a victim's system.[2]

Enterprise T1033 System Owner/User Discovery

Ixeshe collects the username from the victim’s machine.[2]

Enterprise T1007 System Service Discovery

Ixeshe can list running services.[2]

Groups That Use This Software

ID Name References
G0005 APT12