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Service Stop

Adversaries may stop or disable services on a system to render those services unavailable to legitimate users. Stopping critical services can inhibit or stop response to an incident or aid in the adversary's overall objectives to cause damage to the environment.[1][2]

Adversaries may accomplish this by disabling individual services of high importance to an organization, such as MSExchangeIS, which will make Exchange content inaccessible [2]. In some cases, adversaries may stop or disable many or all services to render systems unusable.[1] Services may not allow for modification of their data stores while running. Adversaries may stop services in order to conduct Data Destruction or Data Encrypted for Impact on the data stores of services like Exchange and SQL Server.[3]

ID: T1489
Tactic: Impact
Platform: Windows
Permissions Required: Administrator, SYSTEM, User
Data Sources: Process command-line parameters, Process monitoring, Windows Registry, API monitoring
Impact Type: Availability
Version: 1.0

Mitigations

Mitigation Description
Network Segmentation Operate intrusion detection, analysis, and response systems on a separate network from the production environment to lessen the chances that an adversary can see and interfere with critical response functions.
Restrict File and Directory Permissions Ensure proper process and file permissions are in place to inhibit adversaries from disabling or interfering with critical services.
Restrict Registry Permissions Ensure proper registry permissions are in place to inhibit adversaries from disabling or interfering with critical services.
User Account Management Limit privileges of user accounts and groups so that only authorized administrators can interact with service changes and service configurations.

Examples

Name Description
Lazarus Group Lazarus Group has stopped the MSExchangeIS service to render Exchange contents inaccessible to users. [5]
Olympic Destroyer Olympic Destroyer uses the API call ChangeServiceConfigW to disable all services on the affected system. [1]
WannaCry WannaCry attempts to kill processes associated with Exchange, Microsoft SQL Server, and MySQL to make it possible to encrypt their data stores. [4] [3]

Detection

Monitor processes and command-line arguments to see if critical processes are terminated or stop running.

Monitor Registry edits for modifications to services and startup programs that correspond to services of high importance. Look for changes to service Registry entries that do not correlate with known software, patch cycles, etc. Service information is stored in the Registry at HKLM\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services.

Alterations to the service binary path or the service startup type changed to disabled may be suspicious.

Remote access tools with built-in features may interact directly with the Windows API to perform these functions outside of typical system utilities. For example, ChangeServiceConfigW may be used by an adversary to prevent services from starting.[1]

References