Domain Trust Discovery
Adversaries may attempt to gather information on domain trust relationships that may be used to identify lateral movement opportunities in Windows multi-domain/forest environments. Domain trusts provide a mechanism for a domain to allow access to resources based on the authentication procedures of another domain. Domain trusts allow the users of the trusted domain to access resources in the trusting domain. The information discovered may help the adversary conduct SID-History Injection, Pass the Ticket, and Kerberoasting. Domain trusts can be enumerated using the
DSEnumerateDomainTrusts() Win32 API call, .NET methods, and LDAP. The Windows utility Nltest is known to be used by adversaries to enumerate domain trusts.
APT29 used the
Map the trusts within existing domains/forests and keep trust relationships to a minimum.
Employ network segmentation for sensitive domains..
System and network discovery techniques normally occur throughout an operation as an adversary learns the environment. Data and events should not be viewed in isolation but as part of a chain of behavior that could lead to other activities based on the information obtained.
Monitor processes and command-line arguments for actions that could be taken to gather system and network information, such as
nltest /domain_trusts. Remote access tools with built-in features may interact directly with the Windows API to gather information. Look for the
DSEnumerateDomainTrusts() Win32 API call to spot activity associated with Domain Trust Discovery. Information may also be acquired through Windows system management tools such as PowerShell. The .NET method
GetAllTrustRelationships() can be an indicator of Domain Trust Discovery.
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