System Binary Proxy Execution: InstallUtil

Adversaries may use InstallUtil to proxy execution of code through a trusted Windows utility. InstallUtil is a command-line utility that allows for installation and uninstallation of resources by executing specific installer components specified in .NET binaries. [1] The InstallUtil binary may also be digitally signed by Microsoft and located in the .NET directories on a Windows system: C:\Windows\Microsoft.NET\Framework\v\InstallUtil.exe and C:\Windows\Microsoft.NET\Framework64\v\InstallUtil.exe.

InstallUtil may also be used to bypass application control through use of attributes within the binary that execute the class decorated with the attribute [System.ComponentModel.RunInstaller(true)]. [2]

ID: T1218.004
Sub-technique of:  T1218
Tactic: Defense Evasion
Platforms: Windows
Permissions Required: User
Defense Bypassed: Application control, Digital Certificate Validation
Contributors: Casey Smith; Travis Smith, Tripwire
Version: 2.0
Created: 23 January 2020
Last Modified: 11 March 2022

Procedure Examples

ID Name Description
S0631 Chaes

Chaes has used Installutill to download content.[3]

G0045 menuPass

menuPass has used InstallUtil.exe to execute malicious software.[4]

G0129 Mustang Panda

Mustang Panda has used InstallUtil.exe to execute a malicious Beacon stager.[5]

S1018 Saint Bot

Saint Bot had used InstallUtil.exe to download and deploy executables.[6]

S0689 WhisperGate

WhisperGate has used InstallUtil.exe as part of its process to disable Windows Defender.[7]


ID Mitigation Description
M1042 Disable or Remove Feature or Program

InstallUtil may not be necessary within a given environment.

M1038 Execution Prevention

Use application control configured to block execution of InstallUtil.exe if it is not required for a given system or network to prevent potential misuse by adversaries.


ID Data Source Data Component Detects
DS0017 Command Command Execution

Monitor executed commands and arguments used before and after the InstallUtil.exe invocation may also be useful in determining the origin and purpose of the binary being executed.

DS0009 Process Process Creation

Use process monitoring to monitor the execution and arguments of InstallUtil.exe. Compare recent invocations of InstallUtil.exe with prior history of known good arguments and executed binaries to determine anomalous and potentially adversarial activity