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NETEAGLE

NETEAGLE is a backdoor developed by APT30 with compile dates as early as 2008. It has two main variants known as “Scout” and “Norton.” [1]

ID: S0034
Type: MALWARE
Platforms: Windows
Version: 1.0

Techniques Used

Domain ID Name Use
Enterprise T1059 Command-Line Interface NETEAGLE allows adversaries to execute shell commands on the infected host. [1]
Enterprise T1094 Custom Command and Control Protocol If NETEAGLE does not detect a proxy configured on the infected machine, it will send beacons via UDP/6000. Also, after retrieving a C2 IP address and Port Number, NETEAGLE will initiate a TCP connection to this socket. The ensuing connection is a plaintext C2 channel in which commands are specified by DWORDs. [1]
Enterprise T1041 Exfiltration Over Command and Control Channel NETEAGLE is capable of reading files over the C2 channel. [1]
Enterprise T1008 Fallback Channels NETEAGLE will attempt to detect if the infected host is configured to a proxy. If so, NETEAGLE will send beacons via an HTTP POST request; otherwise it will send beacons via UDP/6000. [1]
Enterprise T1083 File and Directory Discovery NETEAGLE allows adversaries to enumerate and modify the infected host's file system. It supports searching for directories, creating directories, listing directory contents, reading and writing to files, retrieving file attributes, and retrieving volume information. [1]
Enterprise T1057 Process Discovery NETEAGLE can send process listings over the C2 channel. [1]
Enterprise T1060 Registry Run Keys / Startup Folder The "SCOUT" variant of NETEAGLE achieves persistence by adding itself to the HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run Registry key. [1]
Enterprise T1071 Standard Application Layer Protocol NETEAGLE will attempt to detect if the infected host is configured to a proxy. If so, NETEAGLE will send beacons via an HTTP POST request; otherwise it will send beacons via UDP/6000. NETEAGLE will also use HTTP to download resources that contain an IP address and Port Number pair to connect to for further C2. Adversaries can also use NETEAGLE to establish an RDP connection with a controller over TCP/7519. [1]
Enterprise T1032 Standard Cryptographic Protocol NETEAGLE will decrypt resources it downloads with HTTP requests by using RC4 with the key "ScoutEagle." [1]
Enterprise T1095 Standard Non-Application Layer Protocol If NETEAGLE does not detect a proxy configured on the infected machine, it will send beacons via UDP/6000. Also, after retrieving a C2 IP address and Port Number, NETEAGLE will initiate a TCP connection to this socket. The ensuing connection is a plaintext C2 channel in which commands are specified by DWORDs. [1]

Groups That Use This Software

ID Name References
G0013 APT30 [1]

References