|Registry Run Keys / Startup Folder
|Winlogon Helper DLL
|Security Support Provider
|Kernel Modules and Extensions
|XDG Autostart Entries
Adversaries may abuse authentication packages to execute DLLs when the system boots. Windows authentication package DLLs are loaded by the Local Security Authority (LSA) process at system start. They provide support for multiple logon processes and multiple security protocols to the operating system.
Adversaries can use the autostart mechanism provided by LSA authentication packages for persistence by placing a reference to a binary in the Windows Registry location
HKLM\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Lsa\ with the key value of
"Authentication Packages"=<target binary>. The binary will then be executed by the system when the authentication packages are loaded.
|Privileged Process Integrity
Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, and later versions, may make LSA run as a Protected Process Light (PPL) by setting the Registry key
Monitor executed commands and arguments that may abuse authentication packages to execute DLLs when the system boots.
Monitor the LSA process for DLL loads. Windows 8.1 and Windows Server 2012 R2 may generate events when unsigned DLLs try to load into the LSA by setting the Registry key
|Windows Registry Key Modification
Monitor the Registry for changes to the LSA Registry keys. Windows 8.1 and Windows Server 2012 R2 may generate events when unsigned DLLs try to load into the LSA by setting the Registry key