Application Window Discovery

Adversaries may attempt to get a listing of open application windows. Window listings could convey information about how the system is used or give context to information collected by a keylogger.[1]

ID: T1010
Sub-techniques:  No sub-techniques
Tactic: Discovery
Platforms: Linux, Windows, macOS
Version: 1.2
Created: 31 May 2017
Last Modified: 19 April 2022

Procedure Examples

ID Name Description
S0456 Aria-body

Aria-body has the ability to identify the titles of running windows on a compromised host.[2]

S0438 Attor

Attor can obtain application window titles and then determines which windows to perform Screen Capture on.[3]

S0454 Cadelspy

Cadelspy has the ability to identify open windows on the compromised host.[4]

S0261 Catchamas

Catchamas obtains application windows titles and then determines which windows to perform Screen Capture on.[5]

S0673 DarkWatchman

DarkWatchman reports window names along with keylogger information to provide application context.[1]

S0038 Duqu

The discovery modules used with Duqu can collect information on open windows.[6]

S0696 Flagpro

Flagpro can check the name of the window displayed on the system.[7]

S1044 FunnyDream

FunnyDream has the ability to discover application windows via execution of EnumWindows.[8]

S0531 Grandoreiro

Grandoreiro can identify installed security tools based on window names.[9]


HEXANE has used a PowerShell-based keylogging tool to capture the window title.[10]

S0431 HotCroissant

HotCroissant has the ability to list the names of all open windows on the infected host.[11]

S0260 InvisiMole

InvisiMole can enumerate windows and child windows on a compromised host.[12][13]

S0265 Kazuar

Kazuar gathers information about opened windows.[14]

G0032 Lazarus Group

Lazarus Group malware IndiaIndia obtains and sends to its C2 server the title of the window for each running process. The KilaAlfa keylogger also reports the title of the window in the foreground.[15][16][17]

S0409 Machete

Machete saves the window names.[18]

S0455 Metamorfo

Metamorfo can enumerate all windows on the victim’s machine.[19][20]

S0033 NetTraveler

NetTraveler reports window names along with keylogger information to provide application context.[21]


NETWIRE can discover and close windows on controlled systems.[22]

S0385 njRAT

njRAT gathers information about opened windows during the initial infection.[23]


PLEAD has the ability to list open windows on the compromised host.[24][24]

S0012 PoisonIvy

PoisonIvy captures window titles.[25]

S0139 PowerDuke

PowerDuke has a command to get text of the current foreground window.[26]

S0650 QakBot

QakBot has the ability to enumerate windows on a compromised host.[27]

S0375 Remexi

Remexi has a command to capture active windows on the machine and retrieve window titles.[28]


ROKRAT can use the GetForegroundWindow and GetWindowText APIs to discover where the user is typing.[29]


SILENTTRINITY can enumerate the active Window during keylogging through execution of GetActiveWindowTitle.[30]


SOUNDBITE is capable of enumerating application windows.[31]

S0094 Trojan.Karagany

Trojan.Karagany can monitor the titles of open windows to identify specific keywords.[32]


WINERACK can enumerate active windows.[33]


This type of attack technique cannot be easily mitigated with preventive controls since it is based on the abuse of system features.


ID Data Source Data Component Detects
DS0017 Command Command Execution

Monitor executed commands and arguments for actions that could be taken to gather system and network information. Information may also be acquired through Windows system management tools such as Windows Management Instrumentation and PowerShell.

DS0009 Process OS API Execution

Monitor for API calls (such as GetForegroundWindow()) that may attempt to get a listing of open application windows.

Process Creation

Monitor for newly executed processes that may attempt to get a listing of open application windows. System and network discovery techniques normally occur throughout an operation as an adversary learns the environment. Data and events should not be viewed in isolation, but as part of a chain of behavior that could lead to other activities based on the information obtained.


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  1. ESET. (2019, July). MACHETE JUST GOT SHARPER Venezuelan government institutions under attack. Retrieved September 13, 2019.
  2. Sierra, E., Iglesias, G.. (2018, April 24). Metamorfo Campaigns Targeting Brazilian Users. Retrieved July 30, 2020.
  3. Zhang, X. (2020, February 4). Another Metamorfo Variant Targeting Customers of Financial Institutions in More Countries. Retrieved July 30, 2020.
  4. Kaspersky Lab's Global Research and Analysis Team. (n.d.). The NetTraveler (aka ‘Travnet’). Retrieved November 12, 2014.
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  11. Legezo, D. (2019, January 30). Chafer used Remexi malware to spy on Iran-based foreign diplomatic entities. Retrieved April 17, 2019.
  12. Mercer, W., Rascagneres, P. (2017, April 03). Introducing ROKRAT. Retrieved May 21, 2018.
  13. Salvati, M. (2019, August 6). SILENTTRINITY Modules. Retrieved March 24, 2022.
  14. Carr, N.. (2017, May 14). Cyber Espionage is Alive and Well: APT32 and the Threat to Global Corporations. Retrieved June 18, 2017.
  15. Secureworks. (2019, July 24). Updated Karagany Malware Targets Energy Sector. Retrieved August 12, 2020.
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