The sub-techniques beta is now live! Read the release blog post for more info.

File System Logical Offsets

Windows allows programs to have direct access to logical volumes. Programs with direct access may read and write files directly from the drive by analyzing file system data structures. This technique bypasses Windows file access controls as well as file system monitoring tools. [1]

Utilities, such as NinjaCopy, exist to perform these actions in PowerShell. [2]

ID: T1006
Tactic: Defense Evasion
Platform: Windows
Permissions Required: Administrator
Data Sources: API monitoring
Defense Bypassed: File monitoring, File system access controls
Version: 1.0
Created: 31 May 2017
Last Modified: 17 October 2018


This type of attack technique cannot be easily mitigated with preventive controls since it is based on the abuse of system features.


Monitor handle opens on drive volumes that are made by processes to determine when they may directly access logical drives. [2]

Monitor processes and command-line arguments for actions that could be taken to copy files from the logical drive and evade common file system protections. Since this technique may also be used through PowerShell, additional logging of PowerShell scripts is recommended.