Conti is a Ransomware-as-a-Service (RaaS) that was first observed in December 2019. Conti has been deployed via TrickBot and used against major corporations and government agencies, particularly those in North America. As with other ransomware families, actors using Conti steal sensitive files and information from compromised networks, and threaten to publish this data unless the ransom is paid.[1][2][3]

ID: S0575
Platforms: Windows
Contributors: Daniyal Naeem, BT Security
Version: 2.2
Created: 17 February 2021
Last Modified: 09 August 2023

Techniques Used

Domain ID Name Use
Enterprise T1059 .003 Command and Scripting Interpreter: Windows Command Shell

Conti can utilize command line options to allow an attacker control over how it scans and encrypts files.[2][4]

Enterprise T1486 Data Encrypted for Impact

Conti can use CreateIoCompletionPort(), PostQueuedCompletionStatus(), and GetQueuedCompletionPort() to rapidly encrypt files, excluding those with the extensions of .exe, .dll, and .lnk. It has used a different AES-256 encryption key per file with a bundled RAS-4096 public encryption key that is unique for each victim. Conti can use "Windows Restart Manager" to ensure files are unlocked and open for encryption.[1][2][3][5][4]

Enterprise T1140 Deobfuscate/Decode Files or Information

Conti has decrypted its payload using a hardcoded AES-256 key.[1][2]

Enterprise T1083 File and Directory Discovery

Conti can discover files on a local system.[2]

Enterprise T1490 Inhibit System Recovery

Conti can delete Windows Volume Shadow Copies using vssadmin.[2]

Enterprise T1106 Native API

Conti has used API calls during execution.[1][2]

Enterprise T1135 Network Share Discovery

Conti can enumerate remote open SMB network shares using NetShareEnum().[2][5]

Enterprise T1027 Obfuscated Files or Information

Conti can use compiler-based obfuscation for its code, encrypt DLLs, and hide Windows API calls.[2][1][5]

Enterprise T1057 Process Discovery

Conti can enumerate through all open processes to search for any that have the string "sql" in their process name.[2]

Enterprise T1055 .001 Process Injection: Dynamic-link Library Injection

Conti has loaded an encrypted DLL into memory and then executes it.[1][2]

Enterprise T1021 .002 Remote Services: SMB/Windows Admin Shares

Conti can spread via SMB and encrypts files on different hosts, potentially compromising an entire network.[1][2]

Enterprise T1018 Remote System Discovery

Conti has the ability to discover hosts on a target network.[5]

Enterprise T1489 Service Stop

Conti can stop up to 146 Windows services related to security, backup, database, and email solutions through the use of net stop.[2]

Enterprise T1016 System Network Configuration Discovery

Conti can retrieve the ARP cache from the local system by using the GetIpNetTable() API call and check to ensure IP addresses it connects to are for local, non-Internet, systems.[2]

Enterprise T1049 System Network Connections Discovery

Conti can enumerate routine network connections from a compromised host.[2]

Enterprise T1080 Taint Shared Content

Conti can spread itself by infecting other remote machines via network shared drives.[1][2]

Groups That Use This Software

ID Name References
G0102 Wizard Spider



ID Name Description
C0015 C0015