KARAE is a backdoor typically used by APT37 as first-stage malware. [1]

ID: S0215
Platforms: Windows
Version: 1.1
Created: 18 April 2018
Last Modified: 30 March 2020

Techniques Used

Domain ID Name Use
Enterprise T1189 Drive-by Compromise

KARAE was distributed through torrent file-sharing websites to South Korean victims, using a YouTube video downloader application as a lure.[1]

Enterprise T1105 Ingress Tool Transfer

KARAE can upload and download files, including second-stage malware.[1]

Enterprise T1082 System Information Discovery

KARAE can collect system information.[1]

Enterprise T1102 .002 Web Service: Bidirectional Communication

KARAE can use public cloud-based storage providers for command and control.[1]

Groups That Use This Software

ID Name References
G0067 APT37