Acquire and/or use 3rd party software services

A wide variety of 3rd party software services are available (e.g., Twitter, Dropbox, GoogleDocs). Use of these solutions allow an adversary to stage, launch, and execute an attack from infrastructure that does not physically tie back to them and can be rapidly provisioned, modified, and shut down. [1]

ID: T1330
Sub-techniques:  No sub-techniques
Tactic: Establish & Maintain Infrastructure
Version: 1.0
Created: 14 December 2017
Last Modified: 17 October 2018

Similar Techniques by Tactic

Tactic Technique
Adversary Opsec Acquire and/or use 3rd party software services

Procedure Examples

Name Description

APT1 used third party email services in the registration of whois records.[3]

Night Dragon

Night Dragon used third party hosting services in the U.S. in an attempt to hide their operations.[2]


Detectable by Common Defenses (Yes/No/Partial): No

Explanation: Defender will not have visibility over account creation for 3rd party software services.

Difficulty for the Adversary

Easy for the Adversary (Yes/No): Yes

Explanation: 3rd party services like these listed are freely available.


  1. FireEye Threat Intelligence. (2015, December 1). China-based Cyber Threat Group Uses Dropbox for Malware Communications and Targets Hong Kong Media Outlets. Retrieved March 1, 2017.
  2. McAfee® Foundstone® Professional Services and McAfee Labs™. (2011, February 10). Global Energy Cyberattacks: “Night Dragon”. Retrieved February 19, 2018.