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C
Collection +Collection consists of techniques used to identify and gather information, such as sensitive files, from a target network prior to exfiltration. This category also covers locations on a system or network where the adversary may look for information to exfiltrate.  +
Command and Control +The command and control tactic represents how adversaries communicate with systems under their control within a target network. There are many ways an adversary can establish command and control with various levels of covertness, depending on system configuration and network topology. Due to the wide degree of variation available to the adversary at the network level, only the most common factors were used to describe the differences in command and control. There are still a great many specific techniques within the documented methods, largely due to how easy it is to define new protocols and use existing, legitimate protocols and network services for communication. The resulting breakdown should help convey the concept that detecting intrusion through command and control protocols without prior knowledge is a difficult proposition over the long term. Adversaries' main constraints in network-level defense avoidance are testing and deployment of tools to rapidly change their protocols, awareness of existing defensive technologies, and access to legitimate Web services that, when used appropriately, make their tools difficult to distinguish from benign traffic.  +
Credential Access +Credential access represents techniques resulting in access to or control over system, domain, or service credentials that are used within an enterprise environment. Adversaries will likely attempt to obtain legitimate credentials from users or administrator accounts (local system administrator or domain users with administrator access) to use within the network. This allows the adversary to assume the identity of the account, with all of that account's permissions on the system and network, and makes it harder for defenders to detect the adversary. With sufficient access within a network, an adversary can create accounts for later use within the environment.  +
D
Defense Evasion +Defense evasion consists of techniques an adversary may use to evade detection or avoid other defenses. Sometimes these actions are the same as or variations of techniques in other categories that have the added benefit of subverting a particular defense or mitigation. Defense evasion may be considered a set of attributes the adversary applies to all other phases of the operation.  +
Discovery +Discovery consists of techniques that allow the adversary to gain knowledge about the system and internal network. When adversaries gain access to a new system, they must orient themselves to what they now have control of and what benefits operating from that system give to their current objective or overall goals during the intrusion. The operating system provides many native tools that aid in this post-compromise information-gathering phase.  +
E
Execution +The execution tactic represents techniques that result in execution of adversary-controlled code on a local or remote system. This tactic is often used in conjunction with lateral movement to expand access to remote systems on a network.  +
Exfiltration +Exfiltration refers to techniques and attributes that result or aid in the adversary removing files and information from a target network. This category also covers locations on a system or network where the adversary may look for information to exfiltrate.  +
G
Group: APT1, Comment Crew, ... +[[Group/G0006|APT1]] is a Chinese threat group that has been attributed to the 2nd Bureau of the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) General Staff Department’s (GSD) 3rd Department, commonly known by its Military Unit Cover Designator (MUCD) as Unit 61398.[[CiteRef::Mandiant APT1]]  +
Group: APT12, IXESHE, ... +[[Group/G0005|APT12]] is a threat group that has been attributed to China.[[CiteRef::Meyers Numbered Panda]] It is also known as DynCalc, IXESHE, and Numbered Panda.[[CiteRef::Moran 2014]][[CiteRef::Meyers Numbered Panda]]  +
Group: APT16 +[[Group/G0023|APT16]] is a China-based threat group that has launched spearphishing campaigns targeting Japanese and Taiwanese organizations.[[CiteRef::FireEye EPS Awakens Part 2]]  +
Group: APT17, Deputy Dog +[[Group/G0025|APT17]] is a China-based threat group that has conducted network intrusions against U.S. government entities, the defense industry, law firms, information technology companies, mining companies, and non-government organizations.[[CiteRef::FireEye APT17]]  +
Group: APT18, Threat Group-0416, ... +[[Group/G0026|APT18]] is a threat group that has operated since at least 2009 and has targeted a range of industries, including technology, manufacturing, human rights groups, government, and medical.[[CiteRef::Dell Lateral Movement]]  +
Group: APT28, Sednit, ... +[[Group/G0007|APT28]] is a threat group that has been attributed to the Russian government.[[CiteRef::FireEye APT28]][[CiteRef::SecureWorks TG-4127]][[CiteRef::FireEye APT28 January 2017]][[CiteRef::GRIZZLY STEPPE JAR]] This group reportedly compromised the Democratic National Committee in April 2016.[[CiteRef::Crowdstrike DNC June 2016]]  +
Group: APT29, The Dukes, Cozy Bear +[[Group/G0016|APT29]] is threat group that has been attributed to the Russian government and has operated since at least 2008.[[CiteRef::F-Secure The Dukes]][[CiteRef::GRIZZLY STEPPE JAR]] This group reportedly compromised the Democratic National Committee starting in the summer of 2015.[[CiteRef::Crowdstrike DNC June 2016]]  +
Group: APT3, Gothic Panda, ... +[[Group/G0022|APT3]] is a China-based threat group that researchers have attributed to China's Ministry of State Security.[[CiteRef::FireEye Clandestine Wolf]][[CiteRef::Recorded Future APT3 May 2017]] This group is responsible for the campaigns known as Operation Clandestine Fox, Operation Clandestine Wolf, and Operation Double Tap.[[CiteRef::FireEye Clandestine Wolf]][[CiteRef::FireEye Operation Double Tap]] As of June 2015, the group appears to have shifted from targeting primarily US victims to primarily political organizations in Hong Kong.[[CiteRef::Symantec Buckeye]]  +
Group: APT30 +[[Group/G0013|APT30]] is a threat group suspected to be associated with the Chinese government.[[CiteRef::FireEye APT30]] While [[Group/G0019|Naikon]] shares some characteristics with [[Group/G0013|APT30]], the two groups do not appear to be exact matches.[[CiteRef::Baumgartner Golovkin Naikon 2015]]  +
Group: APT32, OceanLotus Group +[[Group/G0050|APT32]] is a threat group that has been active since at least 2014. The group has targeted multiple private sector industries as well as with foreign governments, dissidents, and journalists. The group's operations are aligned with Vietnamese state interests.[[CiteRef::FireEye APT32 May 2017]]  +
Group: Axiom, Group 72 +[[Group/G0001|Axiom]] is a cyber espionage group suspected to be associated with the Chinese government.[[CiteRef::Axiom]] It is responsible for the Operation SMN campaign.[[CiteRef::Axiom]] Though both this group and [[Group/G0044|Winnti Group]] use the malware [[Software/S0141|Winnti]], the two groups appear to be distinct based on differences in reporting on the groups' TTPs and targeting.[[CiteRef::Kaspersky Winnti April 2013]][[CiteRef::Kaspersky Winnti June 2015]][[CiteRef::Novetta Winnti April 2015]]  +
Group: Carbanak, Anunak +[[Group/G0008|Carbanak]] is a threat group that mainly targets banks. It also refers to malware of the same name ([[Software/S0030|Carbanak]]).[[CiteRef::Kaspersky Carbanak]]  +
Group: Cleaver, Threat Group 2889, TG-2889 +[[Group/G0003|Cleaver]] is a threat group that has been attributed to Iranian actors and is responsible for activity tracked as Operation Cleaver.[[CiteRef::Cylance Cleaver]] Strong circumstantial evidence suggests Cleaver is linked to Threat Group 2889 (TG-2889).[[CiteRef::Dell Threat Group 2889]]  +
Group: Darkhotel +[[Group/G0012|Darkhotel]] is a threat group that has been active since at least 2004. The group has conducted activity on hotel and business center Wi‑Fi and physical connections as well as peer-to-peer and file sharing networks. The actors have also conducted spearphishing.[[CiteRef::Kaspersky Darkhotel]]  +
Group: Deep Panda, Shell Crew, ... +[[Group/G0009|Deep Panda]] is a suspected Chinese threat group known to target many industries, including government, defense, financial, and telecommunications.[[CiteRef::Alperovitch 2014]] The intrusion into healthcare company Anthem has been attributed to [[Group/G0009|Deep Panda]].[[CiteRef::ThreatConnect Anthem]] This group is also known as Shell Crew, WebMasters, KungFu Kittens, and PinkPanther.[[CiteRef::RSA Shell Crew]] [[Group/G0009|Deep Panda]] also appears to be known as Black Vine based on the attribution of both group names to the Anthem intrusion.[[CiteRef::Symantec Black Vine]]  +
Group: DragonOK +[[Group/G0017|DragonOK]] is a threat group that has targeted Japanese organizations with phishing emails. Due to overlapping TTPs, including similar custom tools, [[Group/G0017|DragonOK]] is thought to have a direct or indirect relationship with the threat group [[Group/G0002|Moafee]]. [[CiteRef::Operation Quantum Entanglement]][[CiteRef::Symbiotic APT Groups]] It is known to use a variety of malware, including Sysget/HelloBridge, PlugX, PoisonIvy, FormerFirstRat, NFlog, and NewCT. [[CiteRef::New DragonOK]]  +
Group: Dragonfly, Energetic Bear +[[Group/G0035|Dragonfly]] is a cyber espionage group that has been active since at least 2011. They initially targeted defense and aviation companies but shifted to focus on the energy sector in early 2013. They have also targeted companies related to industrial control systems.[[CiteRef::Symantec Dragonfly]]  +
Group: Dust Storm +[[Group/G0031|Dust Storm]] is a threat group that has targeted multiple industries in Japan, South Korea, the United States, Europe, and several Southeast Asian countries.[[CiteRef::Cylance Dust Storm]]  +