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Groups are sets of related intrusion activity that are tracked by a common name in the security community. Groups are also sometimes referred to as campaigns or intrusion sets. Some groups have multiple names associated with the same set of activities due to various organizations tracking the same set of activities by different names.

Groups are mapped to publicly reported technique use and referenced in the ATT&CK threat model. Groups are also mapped to reported software used during intrusions.

Group List

This is the list of publicly reported groups tracked in ATT&CK:

Comment Crew
Comment Group
Comment Panda
APT1 is a Chinese threat group that has been attributed to the 2nd Bureau of the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) General Staff Department’s (GSD) 3rd Department, commonly known by its Military Unit Cover Designator (MUCD) as Unit 61398.1
Numbered Panda
APT12 is a threat group that has been attributed to China.2 It is also known as DynCalc, IXESHE, and Numbered Panda.32
APT16APT16APT16 is a China-based threat group that has launched spearphishing campaigns targeting Japanese and Taiwanese organizations.4
Deputy Dog
APT17 is a China-based threat group that has conducted network intrusions against U.S. government entities, the defense industry, law firms, information technology companies, mining companies, and non-government organizations.5
Threat Group-0416
Dynamite Panda
APT18 is a threat group that has operated since at least 2009 and has targeted a range of industries, including technology, manufacturing, human rights groups, government, and medical.6
Pawn Storm
Fancy Bear
Tsar Team
Threat Group-4127
APT28 is a threat group that has been attributed to the Russian government.78910 This group reportedly compromised the Democratic National Committee in April 2016.11
The Dukes
Cozy Bear
APT29 is threat group that has been attributed to the Russian government and has operated since at least 2008.1210 This group reportedly compromised the Democratic National Committee starting in the summer of 2015.11
Gothic Panda
UPS Team
Threat Group-0110
APT3 is a China-based threat group.13 This group is responsible for the campaigns known as Operation Clandestine Fox, Operation Clandestine Wolf, and Operation Double Tap.1314 As of June 2015, the group appears to have shifted from targeting primarily US victims to primarily political organizations in Hong Kong.15
APT30APT30APT30 is a threat group suspected to be associated with the Chinese government.16 While Naikon shares some characteristics with APT30, the two groups do not appear to be exact matches.17
Winnti Group
Group 72
Axiom is a cyber espionage group suspected to be associated with the Chinese government.18 It is responsible for the Operation SMN campaign.18
Carbanak is a threat group that mainly targets banks. It also refers to malware of the same name (Carbanak).19
Threat Group 2889
Cleaver is a threat group that has been attributed to Iranian actors and is responsible for activity tracked as Operation Cleaver.20 Strong circumstantial evidence suggests Cleaver is linked to Threat Group 2889 (TG-2889).21
DarkhotelDarkhotelDarkhotel is a threat group that has been active since at least 2004. The group has conducted activity on hotel and business center Wi‑Fi and physical connections as well as peer-to-peer and file sharing networks. The actors have also conducted spearphishing.22
Deep PandaDeep Panda
Shell Crew
KungFu Kittens
Black Vine
Deep Panda is a suspected Chinese threat group known to target many industries, including government, defense, financial, and telecommunications.23 The intrusion into healthcare company Anthem has been attributed to Deep Panda.24 This group is also known as Shell Crew, WebMasters, KungFu Kittens, and PinkPanther.25 Deep Panda also appears to be known as Black Vine based on the attribution of both group names to the Anthem intrusion.26
DragonOKDragonOKDragonOK is a threat group that has targeted Japanese organizations with phishing emails. Due to overlapping TTPs, including similar custom tools, DragonOK is thought to have a direct or indirect relationship with the threat group Moafee. 2728 It is known to use a variety of malware, including Sysget/HelloBridge, PlugX, PoisonIvy, FormerFirstRat, NFlog, and NewCT. 29
Energetic Bear
Dragonfly is a cyber espionage group that has been active since at least 2011. They initially targeted defense and aviation companies but shifted to focus on the energy sector in early 2013. They have also targeted companies related to industrial control systems.30
Dust StormDust StormDust Storm is a threat group that has targeted multiple industries in Japan, South Korea, the United States, Europe, and several Southeast Asian countries.31
EquationEquationEquation is a sophisticated threat group that employs multiple remote access tools. The group is known to use zero-day exploits and has developed the capability to overwrite the firmware of hard disk drives.32
FIN6FIN6FIN6 is a cyber crime group that has stolen payment card data and sold it for profit on underground marketplaces. This group has aggressively targeted and compromised point of sale (PoS) systems in the hospitality and retail sectors.33
GCMANGCMANGCMAN is a threat group that focuses on targeting banks for the purpose of transferring money to e-currency services.34
Group5Group5Group5 is a threat group with a suspected Iranian nexus, though this attribution is not definite. The group has targeted individuals connected to the Syrian opposition via spearphishing and watering holes, normally using Syrian and Iranian themes. Group5 has used two commonly available remote access tools (RATs), njRAT and NanoCore, as well as an Android RAT, DroidJack.35
Ke3changKe3changKe3chang is a threat group attributed to actors operating out of China.36
Lazarus GroupLazarus GroupLazarus Group is a threat group that has been active since at least 2009 and was reportedly responsible for the November 2014 destructive wiper attack against Sony Pictures Entertainment. It was responsible for a campaign known as Operation Blockbuster. Malware used by Lazarus Group correlates to other reported campaigns, including Operation Flame, Operation 1Mission, Operation Troy, DarkSeoul, and Ten Days of Rain.37
Lotus BlossomLotus Blossom
Spring Dragon
Lotus Blossom is threat group that has targeted government and military organizations in Southeast Asia.38 It is also known as Spring Dragon.39
Operation Hangover
MONSOON is the name of an espionage campaign that apparently started in December 2015 and was ongoing as of July 2016. It is believed that the actors behind MONSOON are the same actors behind Operation Hangover. While attribution is unclear, the campaign has targeted victims with military and political interests in the Indian Subcontinent.40 Operation Hangover has been reported as being Indian in origin, and can be traced back to 2010.41
MoafeeMoafeeMoafee is a threat group that appears to operate from the Guandong Province of China. Due to overlapping TTPs, including similar custom tools, Moafee is thought to have a direct or indirect relationship with the threat group DragonOK. .42
Gaza cybergang
Operation Molerats
Molerats is a politically-motivated threat group that has been operating since 2012. The group's victims have primarily been in the Middle East, Europe, and the United States.4344
NaikonNaikonNaikon is a threat group that has focused on targets around the South China Sea.45 The group has been attributed to the Chinese People’s Liberation Army’s (PLA) Chengdu Military Region Second Technical Reconnaissance Bureau (Military Unit Cover Designator 78020).46 While Naikon shares some characteristics with APT30, the two groups do not appear to be exact matches.17
Night DragonNight DragonNight Dragon is a threat group that has conducted activity originating primarily in China.47
Dropping Elephant
Patchwork is a threat group that was first observed in December 2015. While the group has not been definitively attributed, circumstantial evidence suggests the group may be a pro-Indian or Indian entity. Much of the code used by this group was copied and pasted from online forums.4849
PittyTigerPittyTigerPittyTiger is a threat group believed to operate out of China that uses multiple different types of malware to maintain command and control.5051
Poseidon GroupPoseidon GroupPoseidon Group is a Portuguese-speaking threat group that has been active since at least 2005. The group has a history of using information exfiltrated from victims to blackmail victim companies into contracting the Poseidon Group as a security firm.52
Putter PandaPutter Panda
Putter Panda is a Chinese threat group that has been attributed to Unit 61486 of the 12th Bureau of the PLA’s 3rd General Staff Department (GSD).53
Sandworm TeamSandworm Team
Sandworm Team is a cyber espionage group that has operated since approximately 2009 and has been attributed to Russia.54 This group is also known as Quedagh.55
Scarlet MimicScarlet MimicScarlet Mimic is a threat group that has targeted minority rights activists. This group has not been directly linked to a government source, but the group's motivations appear to overlap with those of the Chinese government. While there is some overlap between IP addresses used by Scarlet Mimic and Putter Panda, it has not been concluded that the groups are the same.56
Stealth FalconStealth FalconStealth Falcon is a threat group that has conducted targeted spyware attacks against Emirati journalists, activists, and dissidents since at least 2012. Circumstantial evidence suggests there could be a link between this group and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) government, but that has not been confirmed.57
Strider is a threat group that has been active since at least 2011 and has targeted victims in Russia, China, Sweden, Belgium, Iran, and Rwanda.5859
SuckflySuckflySuckfly is a China-based threat group that has been active since at least 2014.60
TaidoorTaidoorTaidoor is a threat group that has operated since at least 2009 and has primarily targeted the Taiwanese government.61
Threat Group-1314Threat Group-1314
Threat Group-1314 is an unattributed threat group that has used compromised credentials to log into a victim's remote access infrastructure.62
Threat Group-3390Threat Group-3390
Emissary Panda
Threat Group-3390 is a Chinese threat group that has extensively used strategic Web compromises to target victims.63
Turla is a threat group that has infected victims in over 45 countries, spanning a range of industries including government, embassies, military, education, research and pharmaceutical companies.64
admin@338admin@338admin@338 is a China-based cyber threat group. It has previously used newsworthy events as lures to deliver malware and has primarily targeted organizations involved in financial, economic, and trade policy, typically using publicly available RATs such as PoisonIvy, as well as some non-public backdoors.65


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  2. a b  Meyers, A. (2013, March 29). Whois Numbered Panda. Retrieved January 14, 2016.
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  10. a b  Department of Homeland Security and Federal Bureau of Investigation. (2016, December 29). GRIZZLY STEPPE – Russian Malicious Cyber Activity. Retrieved January 11, 2017.
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  18. a b  Novetta. (n.d.). Operation SMN: Axiom Threat Actor Group Report. Retrieved November 12, 2014.
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  26. ^  DiMaggio, J.. (2015, August 6). The Black Vine cyberespionage group. Retrieved January 26, 2016.
  27. ^  Haq, T., Moran, N., Vashisht, S., Scott, M. (2014, September). OPERATION QUANTUM ENTANGLEMENT. Retrieved November 4, 2015.
  28. ^  Haq, T. (2014, October). An Insight into Symbiotic APT Groups. Retrieved November 4, 2015.
  29. ^  Miller-Osborn, J., Grunzweig, J.. (2015, April). Unit 42 Identifies New DragonOK Backdoor Malware Deployed Against Japanese Targets. Retrieved November 4, 2015.
  30. ^  Symantec Security Response. (2014, July 7). Dragonfly: Cyberespionage Attacks Against Energy Suppliers. Retrieved April 8, 2016.
  31. ^  Gross, J. (2016, February 23). Operation Dust Storm. Retrieved February 25, 2016.
  32. ^  Kaspersky Lab's Global Research and Analysis Team. (2015, February). Equation Group: Questions and Answers. Retrieved December 21, 2015.
  33. ^  FireEye Threat Intelligence. (2016, April). Follow the Money: Dissecting the Operations of the Cyber Crime Group FIN6. Retrieved June 1, 2016.
  34. ^  Kaspersky Lab's Global Research & Analysis Team. (2016, February 8). APT-style bank robberies increase with Metel, GCMAN and Carbanak 2.0 attacks. Retrieved April 20, 2016.
  35. ^  Scott-Railton, J., et al. (2016, August 2). Group5: Syria and the Iranian Connection. Retrieved September 26, 2016.
  36. ^  Villeneuve, N., Bennett, J. T., Moran, N., Haq, T., Scott, M., & Geers, K. (2014). OPERATION “KE3CHANG”: Targeted Attacks Against Ministries of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved November 12, 2014.
  37. ^  Novetta Threat Research Group. (2016, February 24). Operation Blockbuster: Unraveling the Long Thread of the Sony Attack. Retrieved February 25, 2016.
  38. ^  Falcone, R., et al.. (2015, June 16). Operation Lotus Blossom. Retrieved February 15, 2016.
  39. ^  Baumgartner, K.. (2015, June 17). The Spring Dragon APT. Retrieved February 15, 2016.
  40. ^  Settle, A., et al. (2016, August 8). MONSOON - Analysis Of An APT Campaign. Retrieved September 22, 2016.
  41. ^  Fagerland, S., et al. (2013, May). Operation Hangover: Unveiling an Indian Cyberattack Infrastructure. Retrieved September 26, 2016.
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  43. ^  ClearSky. (2016, January 7). Operation DustySky. Retrieved January 8, 2016.
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  48. ^  Cymmetria. (2016). Unveiling Patchwork - The Copy-Paste APT. Retrieved August 3, 2016.
  49. ^  Hamada, J.. (2016, July 25). Patchwork cyberespionage group expands targets from governments to wide range of industries. Retrieved August 17, 2016.
  50. ^  Bizeul, D., Fontarensky, I., Mouchoux, R., Perigaud, F., Pernet, C. (2014, July 11). Eye of the Tiger. Retrieved September 29, 2015.
  51. ^  Villeneuve, N., Homan, J. (2014, July 31). Spy of the Tiger. Retrieved September 29, 2015.
  52. ^  Kaspersky Lab's Global Research and Analysis Team. (2016, February 9). Poseidon Group: a Targeted Attack Boutique specializing in global cyber-espionage. Retrieved March 16, 2016.
  53. ^  Crowdstrike Global Intelligence Team. (2014, June 9). CrowdStrike Intelligence Report: Putter Panda. Retrieved January 22, 2016.
  54. ^  Ward, S.. (2014, October 14). Sandworm Team and the Ukrainian Power Authority Attacks. Retrieved April 8, 2016.
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  56. ^  Falcone, R. and Miller-Osborn, J.. (2016, January 24). Scarlet Mimic: Years-Long Espionage Campaign Targets Minority Activists. Retrieved February 10, 2016.
  57. ^  Marczak, B. and Scott-Railton, J.. (2016, May 29). Keep Calm and (Don’t) Enable Macros: A New Threat Actor Targets UAE Dissidents. Retrieved June 8, 2016.
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  63. ^  Dell SecureWorks Counter Threat Unit Threat Intelligence. (2015, August 5). Threat Group-3390 Targets Organizations for Cyberespionage. Retrieved January 25, 2016.
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