Groups are sets of related intrusion activity that are tracked by a common name in the security community. Groups are also sometimes referred to as campaigns or intrusion sets. Some groups have multiple names associated with the same set of activities due to various organizations tracking the same set of activities by different names. Organizations’ group definitions may be only partially overlapping and may be in disagreement on specific activity.
Groups are mapped to publicly reported technique use and referenced in the ATT&CK threat model. Groups are also mapped to reported software used during intrusions.
This is the list of publicly reported groups tracked in ATT&CK:
|APT1 is a Chinese threat group that has been attributed to the 2nd Bureau of the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) General Staff Department’s (GSD) 3rd Department, commonly known by its Military Unit Cover Designator (MUCD) as Unit 61398.1|
|APT12 is a threat group that has been attributed to China.2|
|APT16||APT16||APT16 is a China-based threat group that has launched spearphishing campaigns targeting Japanese and Taiwanese organizations.3|
|APT17 is a China-based threat group that has conducted network intrusions against U.S. government entities, the defense industry, law firms, information technology companies, mining companies, and non-government organizations.4|
|APT18 is a threat group that has operated since at least 2009 and has targeted a range of industries, including technology, manufacturing, human rights groups, government, and medical.5|
|APT28 is a threat group that has been attributed to the Russian government.6789 This group reportedly compromised the Democratic National Committee in April 2016.10|
|APT29 is threat group that has been attributed to the Russian government and has operated since at least 2008.119 This group reportedly compromised the Democratic National Committee starting in the summer of 2015.10|
|APT3 is a China-based threat group that researchers have attributed to China's Ministry of State Security.1213 This group is responsible for the campaigns known as Operation Clandestine Fox, Operation Clandestine Wolf, and Operation Double Tap.1214 As of June 2015, the group appears to have shifted from targeting primarily US victims to primarily political organizations in Hong Kong.15 APT3 Adversary Emulation Plan|
|APT30||APT30||APT30 is a threat group suspected to be associated with the Chinese government.16 While Naikon shares some characteristics with APT30, the two groups do not appear to be exact matches.17|
|APT32 is a threat group that has been active since at least 2014. The group has targeted multiple private sector industries as well as with foreign governments, dissidents, and journalists, and has extensively used strategic web compromises to compromise victims. The group is believed to be Vietnam-based.1819|
|APT33||APT33||APT33 is a suspected Iranian threat group that has carried out operations since at least 2013. The group has targeted organizations across multiple industries in the United States, Saudi Arabia, and South Korea, with a particular interest in the aviation and energy sectors.2021|
|APT34||APT34||APT34 is an Iranian cyber espionage group that has been active since at least 2014. The group has targeted a variety of industries, including financial, government, energy, chemical, and telecommunications, and has largely focused its operations within the Middle East. FireEye assesses that the group works on behalf of the Iranian government based on infrastructure details that contain references to Iran, use of Iranian infrastructure, and targeting that aligns with nation-state interests. APT34 loosely aligns with public reporting related to OilRig, but may not wholly align due to companies tracking threat groups in different ways.22|
|APT37 is a suspected North Korean cyber espionage group that has been active since at least 2012. The group has targeted victims primarily in South Korea, but also in Japan, Vietnam, Russia, Nepal, China, India, Romania, Kuwait, and other parts of the Middle East. The group was believed to be responsible for a 2016 campaign known as Operation Daybreak as well as an earlier campaign known as Operation Erebus.2324|
|Axiom is a cyber espionage group suspected to be associated with the Chinese government. It is responsible for the Operation SMN campaign.25 Though both this group and Winnti Group use the malware Winnti, the two groups appear to be distinct based on differences in reporting on the groups' TTPs and targeting.262728|
|BRONZE BUTLER||BRONZE BUTLER|
|BRONZE BUTLER is a cyber espionage group with likely Chinese origins that has been active since at least 2008. The group primarily targets Japanese organizations, particularly those in government, biotechnology, electronics manufacturing, and industrial chemistry.2930|
|BlackOasis||BlackOasis||BlackOasis is a Middle Eastern threat group that is believed to be a customer of Gamma Group. The group has shown interest in prominent figures in the United Nations, as well as opposition bloggers, activists, regional news correspondents, and think tanks.3132 A group known by Microsoft as NEODYMIUM is reportedly associated closely with BlackOasis operations, but evidence that the group names are aliases has not been identified.33|
|Carbanak is a threat group that mainly targets banks. It also refers to malware of the same name (Carbanak). It is sometimes referred to as FIN7, but these appear to be two groups using the same Carbanak malware and are therefore tracked separately.3435|
|Charming Kitten||Charming Kitten||Charming Kitten is an Iranian cyber espionage group that has been active since approximately 2014. They appear to focus on targeting individuals of interest to Iran who work in academic research, human rights, and media, with most victims having been located in Iran, the US, Israel, and the UK. Charming Kitten usually tries to access private email and Facebook accounts, and sometimes establishes a foothold on victim computers as a secondary objective. The group's TTPs overlap extensively with another group, Rocket Kitten, resulting in reporting that may not distinguish between the two groups' activities.36|
Threat Group 2889
|Cleaver is a threat group that has been attributed to Iranian actors and is responsible for activity tracked as Operation Cleaver.37 Strong circumstantial evidence suggests Cleaver is linked to Threat Group 2889 (TG-2889).38|
|CopyKittens||CopyKittens||CopyKittens is an Iranian cyber espionage group that has been operating since at least 2013. It has targeted countries including Israel, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, the U.S., Jordan, and Germany. The group is responsible for the campaign known as Operation Wilted Tulip.394041|
|Darkhotel||Darkhotel||Darkhotel is a threat group that has been active since at least 2004. The group has conducted activity on hotel and business center Wi‑Fi and physical connections as well as peer-to-peer and file sharing networks. The actors have also conducted spearphishing.42|
|Deep Panda||Deep Panda|
|Deep Panda is a suspected Chinese threat group known to target many industries, including government, defense, financial, and telecommunications.43 The intrusion into healthcare company Anthem has been attributed to Deep Panda.44 This group is also known as Shell Crew, WebMasters, KungFu Kittens, and PinkPanther.45 Deep Panda also appears to be known as Black Vine based on the attribution of both group names to the Anthem intrusion.46|
|DragonOK||DragonOK||DragonOK is a threat group that has targeted Japanese organizations with phishing emails. Due to overlapping TTPs, including similar custom tools, DragonOK is thought to have a direct or indirect relationship with the threat group Moafee.47 It is known to use a variety of malware, including Sysget/HelloBridge, PlugX, PoisonIvy, FormerFirstRat, NFlog, and NewCT.48|
|Dragonfly is a cyber espionage group that has been active since at least 2011. They initially targeted defense and aviation companies but shifted to focus on the energy sector in early 2013. They have also targeted companies related to industrial control systems. The group appeared to decrease activity following public exposure in 2014, and re-emerged in late 2015 through 2017.4950|
|Dust Storm||Dust Storm||Dust Storm is a threat group that has targeted multiple industries in Japan, South Korea, the United States, Europe, and several Southeast Asian countries.51|
|Elderwood is a suspected Chinese cyber espionage group that was reportedly responsible for the 2009 Google intrusion known as Operation Aurora.52 The group has targeted defense organizations, supply chain manufacturers, human rights and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), and IT service providers.5354|
|Equation||Equation||Equation is a sophisticated threat group that employs multiple remote access tools. The group is known to use zero-day exploits and has developed the capability to overwrite the firmware of hard disk drives.55|
|FIN10||FIN10||FIN10 is a financially motivated threat group that has targeted organizations in North America since at least 2013 through 2016. The group uses stolen data exfiltrated from victims to extort organizations.56|
|FIN5||FIN5||FIN5 is a financially motivated threat group that has targeted personally identifiable information and payment card information. The group has been active since at least 2008 and has targeted the restaurant, gaming, and hotel industries. The group is made up of actors who likely speak Russian.575859|
|FIN6||FIN6||FIN6 is a cyber crime group that has stolen payment card data and sold it for profit on underground marketplaces. This group has aggressively targeted and compromised point of sale (PoS) systems in the hospitality and retail sectors.60|
|FIN7||FIN7||FIN7 is a financially motivated threat group that has primarily targeted the retail and hospitality sectors, often using point-of-sale malware. It is sometimes referred to as Carbanak Group, but these appear to be two groups using the same Carbanak malware and are therefore tracked separately.6135|
|FIN8||FIN8||FIN8 is a financially motivated threat group known to launch tailored spearphishing campaigns targeting the retail, restaurant, and hospitality industries.6263|
|GCMAN||GCMAN||GCMAN is a threat group that focuses on targeting banks for the purpose of transferring money to e-currency services.64|
|Gamaredon Group||Gamaredon Group||Gamaredon Group is a threat group that has been active since at least 2013 and has targeted individuals likely involved in the Ukrainian government.65|
|Group5||Group5||Group5 is a threat group with a suspected Iranian nexus, though this attribution is not definite. The group has targeted individuals connected to the Syrian opposition via spearphishing and watering holes, normally using Syrian and Iranian themes. Group5 has used two commonly available remote access tools (RATs), njRAT and NanoCore, as well as an Android RAT, DroidJack.66|
|Ke3chang||Ke3chang||Ke3chang is a threat group attributed to actors operating out of China.67|
|Lazarus Group||Lazarus Group|
Guardians of Peace
|Lazarus Group is a threat group that has been attributed to the North Korean government.68 The group has been active since at least 2009 and was reportedly responsible for the November 2014 destructive wiper attack against Sony Pictures Entertainment as part of a campaign named Operation Blockbuster by Novetta. Malware used by Lazarus Group correlates to other reported campaigns, including Operation Flame, Operation 1Mission, Operation Troy, DarkSeoul, and Ten Days of Rain.69|
|Leviathan is a cyber espionage group that has been active since at least 2013. The group generally targets defense and government organizations, but has also targeted a range of industries including engineering firms, shipping and transportation, manufacturing, defense, government offices, and research universities in the United States, Western Europe, and along the South China Sea.7071|
|Lotus Blossom||Lotus Blossom|
|Lotus Blossom is a threat group that has targeted government and military organizations in Southeast Asia.72|
|Magic Hound||Magic Hound|
Operation Saffron Rose
Ajax Security Team
|Magic Hound is an espionage campaign operating primarily in the Middle East that dates back to at least mid-2016. The group behind the campaign has primarily targeted organizations in the energy, government, and technology sectors that are either based or have business interests in Saudi Arabia.73|
|Moafee||Moafee||Moafee is a threat group that appears to operate from the Guandong Province of China. Due to overlapping TTPs, including similar custom tools, Moafee is thought to have a direct or indirect relationship with the threat group DragonOK.74|
|Molerats is a politically-motivated threat group that has been operating since 2012. The group's victims have primarily been in the Middle East, Europe, and the United States.7576|
|MuddyWater is an Iranian threat group that has primarily targeted Middle Eastern nations. Activity from this group was previously linked to FIN7, but is believed to be a distinct group motivated by espionage.77|
|NEODYMIUM||NEODYMIUM||NEODYMIUM is an activity group that conducted a campaign in May 2016 and has heavily targeted Turkish victims. The group has demonstrated similarity to another activity group called PROMETHIUM due to overlapping victim and campaign characteristics.7879 NEODYMIUM is reportedly associated closely with BlackOasis operations, but evidence that the group names are aliases has not been identified.33|
|Naikon||Naikon||Naikon is a threat group that has focused on targets around the South China Sea.80 The group has been attributed to the Chinese People’s Liberation Army’s (PLA) Chengdu Military Region Second Technical Reconnaissance Bureau (Military Unit Cover Designator 78020).81 While Naikon shares some characteristics with APT30, the two groups do not appear to be exact matches.17|
|Night Dragon||Night Dragon|
|Night Dragon is a campaign name for activity involving threat group that has conducted activity originating primarily in China.82 The activity from this group is also known as Musical Chairs.83|
|OilRig||OilRig||OilRig is a threat group with suspected Iranian origins that has targeted Middle Eastern and international victims since at least 2015. It appears the group carries out supply chain attacks, leveraging the trust relationship between organizations to attack their primary targets.8485868788 Reporting on OilRig may loosely overlap with APT34, but may not wholly align due to companies tracking groups in different ways.22|
|PLATINUM||PLATINUM||PLATINUM is an activity group that has targeted victims since at least 2009. The group has focused on targets associated with governments and related organizations in South and Southeast Asia.89|
|PROMETHIUM||PROMETHIUM||PROMETHIUM is an activity group that has been active since at least 2012. The group conducted a campaign in May 2016 and has heavily targeted Turkish victims. PROMETHIUM has demonstrated similarity to another activity group called NEODYMIUM due to overlapping victim and campaign characteristics.7879|
|Patchwork is a threat group that was first observed in December 2015. While the group has not been definitively attributed, circumstantial evidence suggests the group may be a pro-Indian or Indian entity. Much of the code used by this group was copied and pasted from online forums.9091|
|PittyTiger||PittyTiger||PittyTiger is a threat group believed to operate out of China that uses multiple different types of malware to maintain command and control.9293|
|Poseidon Group||Poseidon Group||Poseidon Group is a Portuguese-speaking threat group that has been active since at least 2005. The group has a history of using information exfiltrated from victims to blackmail victim companies into contracting the Poseidon Group as a security firm.94|
|Putter Panda||Putter Panda|
|Putter Panda is a Chinese threat group that has been attributed to Unit 61486 of the 12th Bureau of the PLA’s 3rd General Staff Department (GSD).95|
|RTM||RTM||RTM is a cybercriminal group that has been active since at least 2015 and is primarily interested in users of remote banking systems in Russia and neighboring countries. The group uses a Trojan by the same name (RTM).96|
|Sandworm Team||Sandworm Team|
|Sandworm Team is a cyber espionage group that has operated since approximately 2009 and has been attributed to Russia.97|
|Scarlet Mimic||Scarlet Mimic||Scarlet Mimic is a threat group that has targeted minority rights activists. This group has not been directly linked to a government source, but the group's motivations appear to overlap with those of the Chinese government. While there is some overlap between IP addresses used by Scarlet Mimic and Putter Panda, it has not been concluded that the groups are the same.98|
|Sowbug||Sowbug||Sowbug is a threat group that has conducted targeted attacks against organizations in South America and Southeast Asia, particularly government entities, since at least 2015.99|
|Stealth Falcon||Stealth Falcon||Stealth Falcon is a threat group that has conducted targeted spyware attacks against Emirati journalists, activists, and dissidents since at least 2012. Circumstantial evidence suggests there could be a link between this group and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) government, but that has not been confirmed.100|
|Strider is a threat group that has been active since at least 2011 and has targeted victims in Russia, China, Sweden, Belgium, Iran, and Rwanda.101102|
|Suckfly||Suckfly||Suckfly is a China-based threat group that has been active since at least 2014.103|
|TA459||TA459||TA459 is a threat group believed to operate out of China that has targeted countries including Russia, Belarus, Mongolia, and others.104|
|Taidoor||Taidoor||Taidoor is a threat group that has operated since at least 2009 and has primarily targeted the Taiwanese government.105|
|Threat Group-1314||Threat Group-1314|
|Threat Group-1314 is an unattributed threat group that has used compromised credentials to log into a victim's remote access infrastructure.106|
|Threat Group-3390||Threat Group-3390|
|Threat Group-3390 is a Chinese threat group that has extensively used strategic Web compromises to target victims.107 The group has targeted organizations in the aerospace, government, defense, technology, energy, and manufacturing sectors.108|
|Turla is a threat group that has infected victims in over 45 countries, spanning a range of industries including government, embassies, military, education, research and pharmaceutical companies. They are known for conducting watering hole and spearphishing campaigns.109110|
|Winnti Group||Winnti Group|
|Winnti Group is a threat group with Chinese origins that has been active since at least 2010. The group has heavily targeted the gaming industry, but it has also expanded the scope of its targeting. Though both this group and Axiom use the malware Winnti, the two groups appear to be distinct based on differences in reporting on the groups' TTPs and targeting.262728|
|admin@338||admin@338||admin@338 is a China-based cyber threat group. It has previously used newsworthy events as lures to deliver malware and has primarily targeted organizations involved in financial, economic, and trade policy, typically using publicly available RATs such as PoisonIvy, as well as some non-public backdoors.111|
|menuPass is a threat group that appears to originate from China and has been active since approximately 2009. The group has targeted healthcare, defense, aerospace, and government sectors, and has targeted Japanese victims since at least 2014. In 2016 and 2017, the group targeted managed IT service providers, manufacturing and mining companies, and a university.112113114115116|
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