Adversarial Tactics, Techniques & Common Knowledge

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Welcome to ATT&CK

MITRE’s Adversarial Tactics, Techniques, and Common Knowledge (ATT&CK™) is a curated knowledge base and model for cyber adversary behavior, reflecting the various phases of an adversary’s lifecycle and the platforms they are known to target. ATT&CK is useful for understanding security risk against known adversary behavior, for planning security improvements, and verifying defenses work as expected.

ATT&CK for Enterprise

ATT&CK for Enterprise is an adversary behavior model that describes the actions an adversary may take while operating within an enterprise network.

Enterprise Platform Coverage

The MITRE ATT&CK Matrix™ is a visualization of the tactics and techniques. It aligns individual techniques under the tactics in which they can be applied.

News and Updates

See Past Updates for previous changes.

ATT&CK Matrix for Enterprise

The full ATT&CK Matrix below includes techniques spanning Windows, Mac, and Linux platforms and can be used to navigate through the knowledge base.

Persistence .bash_profile and .bashrcAccessibility FeaturesAppCert DLLsAppInit DLLsApplication ShimmingAuthentication PackageBootkitBrowser ExtensionsChange Default File AssociationComponent FirmwareComponent Object Model HijackingCreate AccountDLL Search Order HijackingDylib HijackingExternal Remote ServicesFile System Permissions WeaknessHidden Files and DirectoriesHookingHypervisorImage File Execution Options InjectionLC_LOAD_DYLIB AdditionLSASS DriverLaunch AgentLaunch DaemonLaunchctlLocal Job SchedulingLogin ItemLogon ScriptsModify Existing ServiceNetsh Helper DLLNew ServiceOffice Application StartupPath InterceptionPlist ModificationPort MonitorsRc.commonRe-opened ApplicationsRedundant AccessRegistry Run Keys / Start FolderScheduled TaskScreensaverSecurity Support ProviderService Registry Permissions WeaknessShortcut ModificationStartup ItemsSystem FirmwareTrapValid AccountsWeb ShellWindows Management Instrumentation Event SubscriptionWinlogon Helper DLL
Privilege Escalation Access Token ManipulationAccessibility FeaturesAppCert DLLsAppInit DLLsApplication ShimmingBypass User Account ControlDLL Search Order HijackingDylib HijackingExploitation of VulnerabilityExtra Window Memory InjectionFile System Permissions WeaknessHookingImage File Execution Options InjectionLaunch DaemonNew ServicePath InterceptionPlist ModificationPort MonitorsProcess InjectionSID-History InjectionScheduled TaskService Registry Permissions WeaknessSetuid and SetgidStartup ItemsSudoValid AccountsWeb Shell
Defense Evasion Access Token ManipulationBinary PaddingBypass User Account ControlClear Command HistoryCode SigningComponent FirmwareComponent Object Model HijackingDLL Search Order HijackingDLL Side-LoadingDeobfuscate/Decode Files or InformationDisabling Security ToolsExploitation of VulnerabilityExtra Window Memory InjectionFile DeletionFile System Logical OffsetsGatekeeper BypassHISTCONTROLHidden Files and DirectoriesHidden UsersHidden WindowImage File Execution Options InjectionIndicator BlockingIndicator Removal from ToolsIndicator Removal on HostInstall Root CertificateInstallUtilLC_MAIN HijackingLaunchctlMasqueradingModify RegistryMshtaNTFS Extended AttributesNetwork Share Connection RemovalObfuscated Files or InformationPlist ModificationProcess DoppelgängingProcess HollowingProcess InjectionRedundant AccessRegsvcs/RegasmRegsvr32RootkitRundll32ScriptingSoftware PackingSpace after FilenameTimestompTrusted Developer UtilitiesValid Accounts
Credential Access Account ManipulationBash HistoryBrute ForceCredential DumpingCredentials in FilesExploitation of VulnerabilityForced AuthenticationHookingInput CaptureInput PromptKeychainLLMNR/NBT-NS PoisoningNetwork SniffingPassword Filter DLLPrivate KeysReplication Through Removable MediaSecurityd MemoryTwo-Factor Authentication Interception
Discovery Account DiscoveryApplication Window DiscoveryFile and Directory DiscoveryNetwork Service ScanningNetwork Share DiscoveryPeripheral Device DiscoveryPermission Groups DiscoveryProcess DiscoveryQuery RegistryRemote System DiscoverySecurity Software DiscoverySystem Information DiscoverySystem Network Configuration DiscoverySystem Network Connections DiscoverySystem Owner/User DiscoverySystem Service DiscoverySystem Time Discovery
Lateral Movement AppleScriptApplication Deployment SoftwareDistributed Component Object ModelExploitation of VulnerabilityLogon ScriptsPass the HashPass the TicketRemote Desktop ProtocolRemote File CopyRemote ServicesReplication Through Removable MediaSSH HijackingShared WebrootTaint Shared ContentThird-party SoftwareWindows Admin SharesWindows Remote Management
Execution AppleScriptCommand-Line InterfaceDynamic Data ExchangeExecution through APIExecution through Module LoadGraphical User InterfaceInstallUtilLSASS DriverLaunchctlLocal Job SchedulingMshtaPowerShellRegsvcs/RegasmRegsvr32Rundll32Scheduled TaskScriptingService ExecutionSourceSpace after FilenameThird-party SoftwareTrapTrusted Developer UtilitiesWindows Management InstrumentationWindows Remote Management
Collection Audio CaptureAutomated CollectionBrowser ExtensionsClipboard DataData StagedData from Local SystemData from Network Shared DriveData from Removable MediaEmail CollectionInput CaptureMan in the BrowserScreen CaptureVideo Capture
Exfiltration Automated ExfiltrationData CompressedData EncryptedData Transfer Size LimitsExfiltration Over Alternative ProtocolExfiltration Over Command and Control ChannelExfiltration Over Other Network MediumExfiltration Over Physical MediumScheduled Transfer
Command and Control Commonly Used PortCommunication Through Removable MediaConnection ProxyCustom Command and Control ProtocolCustom Cryptographic ProtocolData EncodingData ObfuscationDomain FrontingFallback ChannelsMulti-Stage ChannelsMulti-hop ProxyMultiband CommunicationMultilayer EncryptionRemote File CopyStandard Application Layer ProtocolStandard Cryptographic ProtocolStandard Non-Application Layer ProtocolUncommonly Used PortWeb Service