Groups are sets of related intrusion activity that are tracked by a common name in the security community. Groups are also sometimes referred to as campaigns or intrusion sets. Some groups have multiple names associated with the same set of activities due to various organizations tracking the same set of activities by different names.
Groups are mapped to publicly reported technique use and referenced in the ATT&CK threat model. Groups are also mapped to reported software used during intrusions.
This is the list of publicly reported groups tracked in ATT&CK:
|APT1 is a Chinese threat group that has been attributed to the 2nd Bureau of the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) General Staff Department’s (GSD) 3rd Department, commonly known by its Military Unit Cover Designator (MUCD) as Unit 61398.1|
|APT12 is a threat group that has been attributed to China.2 It is also known as DynCalc, IXESHE, and Numbered Panda.32|
|APT16||APT16||APT16 is a China-based threat group that has launched spearphishing campaigns targeting Japanese and Taiwanese organizations.4|
|APT17 is a China-based threat group that has conducted network intrusions against U.S. government entities, the defense industry, law firms, information technology companies, mining companies, and non-government organizations.5|
|APT18 is a threat group that has operated since at least 2009 and has targeted a range of industries, including technology, manufacturing, human rights groups, government, and medical.6|
|APT28 is a threat group that has been attributed to the Russian government.78910 This group reportedly compromised the Democratic National Committee in April 2016.11|
|APT29 is threat group that has been attributed to the Russian government and has operated since at least 2008.1210 This group reportedly compromised the Democratic National Committee starting in the summer of 2015.11|
|APT3 is a China-based threat group.13 This group is responsible for the campaigns known as Operation Clandestine Fox, Operation Clandestine Wolf, and Operation Double Tap.1314 As of June 2015, the group appears to have shifted from targeting primarily US victims to primarily political organizations in Hong Kong.15|
|APT30||APT30||APT30 is a threat group suspected to be associated with the Chinese government.16 While Naikon shares some characteristics with APT30, the two groups do not appear to be exact matches.17|
|Axiom is a cyber espionage group suspected to be associated with the Chinese government.18 It is responsible for the Operation SMN campaign.18 Though both this group and Winnti Group use the malware Winnti, the two groups appear to be distinct based on differences in reporting on the groups' TTPs and targeting.192021|
|Carbanak is a threat group that mainly targets banks. It also refers to malware of the same name (Carbanak).22|
Threat Group 2889
|Cleaver is a threat group that has been attributed to Iranian actors and is responsible for activity tracked as Operation Cleaver.23 Strong circumstantial evidence suggests Cleaver is linked to Threat Group 2889 (TG-2889).24|
|Darkhotel||Darkhotel||Darkhotel is a threat group that has been active since at least 2004. The group has conducted activity on hotel and business center Wi‑Fi and physical connections as well as peer-to-peer and file sharing networks. The actors have also conducted spearphishing.25|
|Deep Panda||Deep Panda|
|Deep Panda is a suspected Chinese threat group known to target many industries, including government, defense, financial, and telecommunications.26 The intrusion into healthcare company Anthem has been attributed to Deep Panda.27 This group is also known as Shell Crew, WebMasters, KungFu Kittens, and PinkPanther.28 Deep Panda also appears to be known as Black Vine based on the attribution of both group names to the Anthem intrusion.29|
|DragonOK||DragonOK||DragonOK is a threat group that has targeted Japanese organizations with phishing emails. Due to overlapping TTPs, including similar custom tools, DragonOK is thought to have a direct or indirect relationship with the threat group Moafee. 3031 It is known to use a variety of malware, including Sysget/HelloBridge, PlugX, PoisonIvy, FormerFirstRat, NFlog, and NewCT. 32|
|Dragonfly is a cyber espionage group that has been active since at least 2011. They initially targeted defense and aviation companies but shifted to focus on the energy sector in early 2013. They have also targeted companies related to industrial control systems.33|
|Dust Storm||Dust Storm||Dust Storm is a threat group that has targeted multiple industries in Japan, South Korea, the United States, Europe, and several Southeast Asian countries.34|
|Equation||Equation||Equation is a sophisticated threat group that employs multiple remote access tools. The group is known to use zero-day exploits and has developed the capability to overwrite the firmware of hard disk drives.35|
|FIN6||FIN6||FIN6 is a cyber crime group that has stolen payment card data and sold it for profit on underground marketplaces. This group has aggressively targeted and compromised point of sale (PoS) systems in the hospitality and retail sectors.36|
|FIN7||FIN7||FIN7 is a financially motivated threat group that has primarily targeted the retail and hospitality sectors, often using point-of-sale malware.37|
|GCMAN||GCMAN||GCMAN is a threat group that focuses on targeting banks for the purpose of transferring money to e-currency services.38|
|Gamaredon Group||Gamaredon Group||Gamaredon Group is a threat group that has been active since at least 2013 and has targeted individuals likely involved in the Ukrainian government.39|
|Group5||Group5||Group5 is a threat group with a suspected Iranian nexus, though this attribution is not definite. The group has targeted individuals connected to the Syrian opposition via spearphishing and watering holes, normally using Syrian and Iranian themes. Group5 has used two commonly available remote access tools (RATs), njRAT and NanoCore, as well as an Android RAT, DroidJack.40|
|Ke3chang||Ke3chang||Ke3chang is a threat group attributed to actors operating out of China.41|
|Lazarus Group||Lazarus Group||Lazarus Group is a threat group that has been active since at least 2009 and was reportedly responsible for the November 2014 destructive wiper attack against Sony Pictures Entertainment. It was responsible for a campaign known as Operation Blockbuster. Malware used by Lazarus Group correlates to other reported campaigns, including Operation Flame, Operation 1Mission, Operation Troy, DarkSeoul, and Ten Days of Rain.42|
|Lotus Blossom||Lotus Blossom|
|Lotus Blossom is threat group that has targeted government and military organizations in Southeast Asia.43 It is also known as Spring Dragon.44|
|MONSOON is the name of an espionage campaign that apparently started in December 2015 and was ongoing as of July 2016. It is believed that the actors behind MONSOON are the same actors behind Operation Hangover. While attribution is unclear, the campaign has targeted victims with military and political interests in the Indian Subcontinent.45 Operation Hangover has been reported as being Indian in origin, and can be traced back to 2010.46|
|Moafee||Moafee||Moafee is a threat group that appears to operate from the Guandong Province of China. Due to overlapping TTPs, including similar custom tools, Moafee is thought to have a direct or indirect relationship with the threat group DragonOK. .47|
|Molerats is a politically-motivated threat group that has been operating since 2012. The group's victims have primarily been in the Middle East, Europe, and the United States.4849|
|Naikon||Naikon||Naikon is a threat group that has focused on targets around the South China Sea.50 The group has been attributed to the Chinese People’s Liberation Army’s (PLA) Chengdu Military Region Second Technical Reconnaissance Bureau (Military Unit Cover Designator 78020).51 While Naikon shares some characteristics with APT30, the two groups do not appear to be exact matches.17|
|Night Dragon||Night Dragon||Night Dragon is a threat group that has conducted activity originating primarily in China.52|
|Patchwork is a threat group that was first observed in December 2015. While the group has not been definitively attributed, circumstantial evidence suggests the group may be a pro-Indian or Indian entity. Much of the code used by this group was copied and pasted from online forums.5354|
|PittyTiger||PittyTiger||PittyTiger is a threat group believed to operate out of China that uses multiple different types of malware to maintain command and control.5556|
|Poseidon Group||Poseidon Group||Poseidon Group is a Portuguese-speaking threat group that has been active since at least 2005. The group has a history of using information exfiltrated from victims to blackmail victim companies into contracting the Poseidon Group as a security firm.57|
|Putter Panda||Putter Panda|
|Putter Panda is a Chinese threat group that has been attributed to Unit 61486 of the 12th Bureau of the PLA’s 3rd General Staff Department (GSD).58|
|RTM||RTM||RTM is a cybercriminal group that has been active since at least 2015 and is primarily interested in users of remote banking systems in Russia and neighboring countries. The group uses a Trojan by the same name (RTM).59|
|Sandworm Team||Sandworm Team|
|Sandworm Team is a cyber espionage group that has operated since approximately 2009 and has been attributed to Russia.60 This group is also known as Quedagh.61|
|Scarlet Mimic||Scarlet Mimic||Scarlet Mimic is a threat group that has targeted minority rights activists. This group has not been directly linked to a government source, but the group's motivations appear to overlap with those of the Chinese government. While there is some overlap between IP addresses used by Scarlet Mimic and Putter Panda, it has not been concluded that the groups are the same.62|
|Stealth Falcon||Stealth Falcon||Stealth Falcon is a threat group that has conducted targeted spyware attacks against Emirati journalists, activists, and dissidents since at least 2012. Circumstantial evidence suggests there could be a link between this group and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) government, but that has not been confirmed.63|
|Strider is a threat group that has been active since at least 2011 and has targeted victims in Russia, China, Sweden, Belgium, Iran, and Rwanda.6465|
|Suckfly||Suckfly||Suckfly is a China-based threat group that has been active since at least 2014.66|
|Taidoor||Taidoor||Taidoor is a threat group that has operated since at least 2009 and has primarily targeted the Taiwanese government.67|
|Threat Group-1314||Threat Group-1314|
|Threat Group-1314 is an unattributed threat group that has used compromised credentials to log into a victim's remote access infrastructure.68|
|Threat Group-3390||Threat Group-3390|
|Threat Group-3390 is a Chinese threat group that has extensively used strategic Web compromises to target victims.69|
|Turla is a threat group that has infected victims in over 45 countries, spanning a range of industries including government, embassies, military, education, research and pharmaceutical companies.70|
|Winnti Group||Winnti Group|
|Winnti Group is a threat group with Chinese origins that has been active since at least 2010. The group has heavily targeted the gaming industry, but it has also expanded the scope of its targeting. Though both this group and Axiom use the malware Winnti, the two groups appear to be distinct based on differences in reporting on the groups' TTPs and targeting.192021|
|admin@338||admin@338||admin@338 is a China-based cyber threat group. It has previously used newsworthy events as lures to deliver malware and has primarily targeted organizations involved in financial, economic, and trade policy, typically using publicly available RATs such as PoisonIvy, as well as some non-public backdoors.71|
|menuPass is a threat group that appears to originate from China and has been active since approximately 2009. The group has targeted healthcare, defense, aerospace, and government sectors, and has targeted Japanese victims since at least 2014.727374|
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- Kaspersky Lab's Global Research and Analysis Team. (2014, November). The Darkhotel APT A Story of Unusual Hospitality. Retrieved November 12, 2014.
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- RSA Incident Response. (2014, January). RSA Incident Response Emerging Threat Profile: Shell Crew. Retrieved January 14, 2016.
- DiMaggio, J.. (2015, August 6). The Black Vine cyberespionage group. Retrieved January 26, 2016.
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- Haq, T. (2014, October). An Insight into Symbiotic APT Groups. Retrieved November 4, 2015.
- Miller-Osborn, J., Grunzweig, J.. (2015, April). Unit 42 Identifies New DragonOK Backdoor Malware Deployed Against Japanese Targets. Retrieved November 4, 2015.
- Symantec Security Response. (2014, July 7). Dragonfly: Cyberespionage Attacks Against Energy Suppliers. Retrieved April 8, 2016.
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- Scott-Railton, J., et al. (2016, August 2). Group5: Syria and the Iranian Connection. Retrieved September 26, 2016.
- Villeneuve, N., Bennett, J. T., Moran, N., Haq, T., Scott, M., & Geers, K. (2014). OPERATION “KE3CHANG”: Targeted Attacks Against Ministries of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved November 12, 2014.
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