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The trap command allows programs and shells to specify commands that will be executed upon receiving interrupt signals. A common situation is a script allowing for graceful termination and handling of common keyboard interrupts like ctrl+c and ctrl+d. Adversaries can use this to register code to be executed when the shell encounters specific interrupts either to gain execution or as a persistence mechanism. Trap commands are of the following format trap 'command list' signals where "command list" will be executed when "signals" are received.[1][2]

ID: T1154
Tactic: Execution, Persistence
Platform: Linux, macOS
Permissions Required: User, Administrator
Data Sources: File monitoring, Process monitoring, Process command-line parameters
Version: 1.1
Created: 14 December 2017
Last Modified: 21 May 2019


This type of attack technique cannot be easily mitigated with preventive controls since it is based on the abuse of system features.


Trap commands must be registered for the shell or programs, so they appear in files. Monitoring files for suspicious or overly broad trap commands can narrow down suspicious behavior during an investigation. Monitor for suspicious processes executed through trap interrupts.