When programs are executed that need additional privileges than are present in the current user context, it is common for the operating system to prompt the user for proper credentials to authorize the elevated privileges for the task (ex: Bypass User Account Control).
Adversaries may mimic this functionality to prompt users for credentials with a seemingly legitimate prompt for a number of reasons that mimic normal usage, such as a fake installer requiring additional access or a fake malware removal suite. This type of prompt can be used to collect credentials via various languages such as AppleScript and PowerShell.
|User Training||Use user training as a way to bring awareness and raise suspicion for potentially malicious events (ex: Office documents prompting for credentials).|
|Calisto||Calisto presents an input prompt asking for the user's login and password. |
|Dok||Dok prompts the user for credentials. |
|FIN4||FIN4 has presented victims with spoofed Windows Authentication prompts to collect their credentials.  |
|iKitten||iKitten prompts the user for their credentials. |
|Keydnap||Keydnap prompts the users for credentials. |
|Proton||Proton prompts users for their credentials. |
Monitor process execution for unusual programs as well as malicious instances of Scripting that could be used to prompt users for credentials.
Inspect and scrutinize input prompts for indicators of illegitimacy, such as non-traditional banners, text, timing, and/or sources.
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- Patrick Wardle. (2017, January 1). Mac Malware of 2016. Retrieved September 21, 2018.
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- Pantig, J. (2018, July 30). OSX.Calisto. Retrieved September 7, 2018.
- Vengerik, B. et al.. (2014, December 5). Hacking the Street? FIN4 Likely Playing the Market. Retrieved December 17, 2018.
- Vengerik, B. & Dennesen, K.. (2014, December 5). Hacking the Street? FIN4 Likely Playing the Market. Retrieved January 15, 2019.