Adversaries may execute a binary, command, or script via a method that interacts with Windows services, such as the Service Control Manager. This can be done by either creating a new service or modifying an existing service. This technique is the execution used in conjunction with New Service and Modify Existing Service during service persistence or privilege escalation.
|APT32||APT32's backdoor has used Windows services as a way to execute its malicious payload. |
|BBSRAT||BBSRAT can start, stop, or delete services. |
|Cobalt Strike||Cobalt Strike can use PsExec to execute a payload on a remote host. It can also use Service Control Manager to start new services.  |
|Empire||Empire can use PsExec to execute a payload on a remote host. |
|FIN6||FIN6 has created Windows services to execute encoded PowerShell commands. |
|Honeybee||Honeybee launches a DLL file that gets executed as a service using svchost.exe |
|HOPLIGHT||HOPLIGHT has used svchost.exe to execute a malicious DLL . |
|Hydraq||Hydraq uses svchost.exe to execute a malicious DLL included in a new service group. |
|HyperBro||HyperBro has the ability to start and stop a specified service. |
|Impacket||Impacket contains various modules emulating other service execution tools such as PsExec. |
|Ke3chang||Ke3chang has used a tool known as RemoteExec (similar to PsExec) to remotely execute batch scripts and binaries. |
|Koadic||Koadic can run a command on another machine using PsExec. |
|Net Crawler||Net Crawler uses PsExec to perform remote service manipulation to execute a copy of itself as part of lateral movement. |
|NotPetya||NotPetya can use PsExec to help propagate itself across a network.  |
|Olympic Destroyer||Olympic Destroyer utilizes PsExec to help propagate itself across a network. |
|PoshC2||PoshC2 contains an implementation of PsExec for remote execution. |
|Proxysvc||Proxysvc registers itself as a service on the victim’s machine to run as a standalone process. |
|PsExec||Microsoft Sysinternals PsExec is a popular administration tool that can be used to execute binaries on remote systems using a temporary Windows service. |
|Pupy||Pupy uses PsExec to execute a payload or commands on a remote host. |
|RemoteCMD||RemoteCMD can execute commands remotely by creating a new service on the remote system. |
|Shamoon||Shamoon creates a new service named “ntssrv” to execute the payload. |
|Silence||Silence has used Winexe to install a service on the remote system. |
|Winexe||Winexe installs a service on the remote system, executes the command, then uninstalls the service. |
|Wingbird||Wingbird uses services.exe to register a new autostart service named "Audit Service" using a copy of the local lsass.exe file.  |
|xCmd||xCmd can be used to execute binaries on remote systems by creating and starting a service. |
|Privileged Account Management||Ensure that permissions disallow services that run at a higher permissions level from being created or interacted with by a user with a lower permission level.|
|Restrict File and Directory Permissions||Also ensure that high permission level service binaries cannot be replaced or modified by users with a lower permission level.|
Changes to service Registry entries and command-line invocation of tools capable of modifying services that do not correlate with known software, patch cycles, etc., may be suspicious. If a service is used only to execute a binary or script and not to persist, then it will likely be changed back to its original form shortly after the service is restarted so the service is not left broken, as is the case with the common administrator tool PsExec.
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